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HSK level 1: 978 word(s) found.


āinterjection of surprise; Ah!; Oh!
amodal particle ending sentence, showing affirmation, approval, or consent
ǎilow; short (in length)
àito love; affection; to be fond of; to like
ān jìngquiet; peaceful; calm
ān páito arrange; to plan; to set up
eight; 8
to hold; to contain; to grasp; to take hold of; a handle; particle marking the following noun as a direct object; classifier for objects with handle
ba(informal) father; CL:,
ba(modal particle indicating suggestion or surmise); ...right?; ...OK?; ...I presume.
báiwhite; snowy; pure; bright; empty; blank; plain; clear; to make clear; in vain; gratuitous; free of charge; reactionary; anti-communist; funeral; to stare coldly; to write wrong character; to state; to explain; vernacular; spoken lines in opera; surname Bai
bǎito arrange; to exhibit; to move to and fro; a pendulum
bǎihundred; numerous; all kinds of; surname Bai
bānto move; to shift; to remove; to transport; to apply indiscriminately; to copy mechanically
bānteam; class; squad; work shift; ranking; CL:; classifier for groups; surname Ban
bànto do; to manage; to handle; to go about; to run; to set up; to deal with
bànhalf; semi-; incomplete; (after a number) and a half
bàn means; method; way (of doing sth); CL:,
bàn gōng shìoffice; business premises; bureau; CL:
bàn tiānhalf of the day; a long time; quite a while; CL:
bāng zhùassistance; aid; to help; to assist
bǎoto eat till full; satisfied
bàoto announce; to inform; report; newspaper; recompense; revenge; CL:,
bàoto hold; to carry (in one's arms); to hug or embrace; surround; cherish
bēicup; classifier for certain containers of liquids: glass, cup
bēi zicup; glass; CL:,,
běinorth; to be defeated (classical)
běi biānnorth; north side; northern part; to the north of
bèi(two, three etc) -fold; times (multiplier); double; to increase or multiply
bèiquilt; by; (indicates passive-voice clauses); (literary) to cover; to meet with
běnroots or stems of plants; origin; source; this; the current; root; foundation; basis; classifier for books, periodicals, files etc; originally
běn zibook; notebook; edition; CL:
(particle used for comparison and "-er than"); to compare; to contrast; to gesture (with hands); ratio; Belgium; Belgian; abbr. for 比利时
pen; pencil; writing brush; to write or compose; the strokes of Chinese characters; classifier for sums of money, deals; CL:,
jiàocompare; contrast; fairly; comparatively; relatively; quite; rather
sàicompetition (sports etc); match; CL:,
to have to; must; compulsory; necessarily
biānside; edge; margin; border; boundary; CL:; simultaneously
biànto change; to become different; to transform; to vary; rebellion
biàneverywhere; all over; classifier for actions: one time
biàn chéngto change into; to turn into; to become
biàn huàchange; variation; to change; to vary; CL:
biǎowrist or pocket watch; exterior surface; family relationship via females; to show (one's opinion); a model; a table (listing information); a form; a meter (measuring sth)
biǎo shìto express; to show; to say; to state; to indicate; to mean
biǎo xiànto show; to show off; to display; to manifest; expression; manifestation; show; display; performance (at work etc)
biǎo yǎnplay; show; performance; exhibition; to perform; to act; to demonstrate; CL:
biǎo yángto praise; to commend
biéto leave; to depart; to separate; to distinguish; to classify; other; another; do not; must not; to pin; surname Bie
bié deelse; other
bìngailment; sickness; illness; disease; fall ill; sick; defect; CL:
(negative prefix); not; no
cloth; to declare; to announce; to spread; to make known
cuòcorrect; right; not bad; pretty good
dànnot only (... but also...)
jiǔnot long (after); before too long; soon; soon after
not equal to; not as good as; inferior to; it would be better to
tóngdifferent; distinct; not the same; not alike
yàodon't!; must not
yòngneed not
to wipe; to erase; rubbing (brush stroke in painting); to clean; to polish
cáia moment ago; just now; (preceded by a clause of condition or reason) not until; (followed by a numerical clause) only; ability; talent; sb of a certain type; a capable individual; only; only then
càidish (type of food); vegetables; vegetable; cuisine; CL:,
cān guānto look around; to tour; to visit
cān jiāto participate; to take part; to join
cāo chǎngplayground; sports field; drill ground; CL:
cǎograss; straw; manuscript; draft (of a document); careless; rough; CL:,,,
cénglayer; stratum; laminated; floor (of a building); storey; classifier for layers; repeated; sheaf (math.)
cháto research; to check; to investigate; to examine; to refer to; to search
chátea; tea plant; CL:,
chàto differ from; to fall short of; lacking; wrong; inferior
chángalways; ever; often; frequently; common; general; constant; surname Chang
chánglength; long; forever; always; constantly
cháng chángfrequently; usually; often
chǎnglarge place used for a specific purpose; stage; scene (of a play); classifier for sporting or recreational activities; classifier for number of exams
chàngsing; to call loudly; to chant
cháoimperial or royal court; government; dynasty; reign of a sovereign or emperor; court or assembly held by a sovereign or emperor; to make a pilgrimage to; facing; towards; abbr. for 朝鲜 Korea
chēcar; vehicle; CL:; machine; to shape with a lathe; surname Che
chē zhànrail station; bus stop; CL:,
chéngcity walls; city; town; CL:,,
chéngto succeed; to finish; to complete; to accomplish; to become; to turn into; to be all right; OK!; one tenth; surname Cheng
chéng achievement; performance records; grades; CL:,
chéng shìcity; town; CL:
chīto eat; to have one's meal; to eradicate; to destroy; to absorb; to suffer; to exhaust
chí dàoto arrive late
chōuto draw out; to pull out from inbetween sth; to remove part of the whole; (of certain plants) to sprout or bud; to whip or thrash
chūto go out; to come out; to occur; to produce; to go beyond; to rise; to put forth; to happen; classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc
chū to start out; to set off
chū láito come out; to emerge
chū to go out
chū xiànto appear; to arise; to emerge; to show up
chū chētaxi; cab (PRC); hire car (Taiwan); CL:
chú le wàibesides; in addition to...; either... or...
穿chuānto bore through; pierce; perforate; penetrate; pass through; to dress; to wear; to put on; to thread
chuána boat; vessel; ship; CL:,,
chuāngshutter; window; CL:
chuāng huwindow; CL:,
chuángbed; couch; classifier for beds; CL:
chuīto blow; to play a wind instrument; to blast; to puff; to boast; to brag; to end in failure; to fall through
chūnspring (time); gay; joyful; youthful; love; lust; life
chūn tiānspring (season); CL:
word; statement; speech; lyrics; CL:,; classical Chinese poem; CL:
dàimagnetic tape; CL:,
diǎndictionary (of Chinese compound words); also written 辞典; CL:,
next in sequence; second; the second (day, time etc); secondary; vice-; sub-; infra-; inferior quality; substandard; order; sequence; hypo- (chemistry); classifier for enumerated events: time
cóngfrom; via; passing through; through (a gap); past; ever (followed by negative, meaning never); (formerly pr. and related to ) to follow; to comply with; to obey; to join; to engage in; adopting some mode of action or attitude; follower; retainer; accessory; accomplice; related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor; surname Cong
cóng dàofrom... to...
cóng starting from
cóng qiánpreviously; formerly; once upon a time
cuòmistake; wrong; bad; interlocking; complex; to grind; to polish; to alternate; to stagger; to miss; to let slip; to evade; to inlay with gold or silver; surname Cuo
cuò error; mistake; mistaken; CL:
to beat; to strike; to hit; to break; to type; to mix up; to build; to fight; to fetch; to make; to tie up; to issue; to shoot; to calculate; to play (a game); since; from
suànto plan; to intend; to calculate; plan; intention; calculation; CL:
big; huge; large; major; great; wide; deep; oldest; eldest
gàiroughly; probably; rough; approximate; about
jiāeveryone; influential family; great expert
shēngloud voice; in a loud voice; loudly
xuéuniversity; college; CL:; the Great Learning, one of the Four Books 四书 in Confucianism
dàiband; belt; girdle; ribbon; tire; area; zone; region; CL:; to wear; to carry; to take along; to bear (i.e. to have); to lead; to bring; to look after; to raise
dàito put on or wear (glasses, hat, gloves etc); to respect; to bear; to support; surname Dai
dài biǎorepresentative; delegate; CL:,,; to represent; to stand for; on behalf of; in the name of
dài fudoctor; minister of state (in pre-Han states); CL:,
dàn shìbut; however
dāngto be; to act as; manage; withstand; when; during; ought; should; match equally; equal; same; obstruct; just at (a time or place); on the spot; right; just at
dāng ránonly natural; as it should be; certainly; of course; without doubt
dāoknife; blade; single-edged sword; cutlass; CL:; classifier for sets of one hundred sheets (of paper); surname Dao
dǎoto fall; to collapse; to topple; to fail; to go bankrupt; to change (trains or buses); to move around; to sell; to speculate (buying and selling, also ); profiteer
dàoto (a place); until (a time); up to; to go; to arrive
dàodirection; way; road; path; principle; truth; morality; reason; skill; method; Dao (of Daoism); to say; to speak; to talk; classifier for long thin stretches, rivers, roads etc; province (of Korea do 도, and formerly Japan dō); CL:,
dào reason; argument; sense; principle; basis; justification; CL:
to obtain; to get; to gain; to catch (a disease); proper; suitable; proud; contented; to allow; to permit; ready; finished
dàoto get; to obtain; to receive
de-ly; structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct
destructural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc
deof; structural particle: used before a noun, linking it to preceding possessive or descriptive attributive
de hěnvery (much, good etc.)
děito have to; must; ought to; to need to
dēnglamp; light; lantern; CL:
děngclass; rank; grade; equal to; same as; to wait for; to await; et cetera; and so on; et al. (and other authors); after; as soon as; once
low; beneath; to lower (one's head); to let droop; to hang down; to incline
earth; ground; field; place; land; CL:
(prefix indicating ordinal number, e.g. first, number two etc)
diyounger brother; CL:,
fangarea; place; space; room; territory; CL:,,
diǎndrop (of liquid); stain; spot; speck; jot; dot stroke (in Chinese characters); decimal point; point; mark (of degree or level); a place (with certain characteristics); iron bell; o’clock; a little; a bit; some; (point) unit of measurement for type; to touch on briefly; to make clear; to light; to ignite; to kindle; period of time at night (24 minutes) (old); a drip; to dibble; classifier for small indeterminate quantities
diǎn xinlight refreshments; pastry; dimsum (in Cantonese cooking); dessert
diǎn zhōng(indicating time of day) o'clock
diànelectric; electricity; electrical
diàn chētrolleybus; CL:
diàn dēngelectric light; CL:
diàn huàtelephone; CL:; phone call; CL:; phone number
diàn shìtelevision; TV; CL:,
diàn yǐngmovie; film; CL:,,,
diàoto fall; to drop; to lag behind; to lose; to go missing; to reduce; fall (in prices); to lose (value, weight etc); to wag; to swing; to turn; to change; to exchange; to swap; to show off; to shed (hair)
diūto lose; to put aside; to throw
dōngeast; host (i.e. sitting on east side of guest); landlord; surname Dong
dōngsound of beating a drum; onomatopoeic for rat-a-tat etc; surname Dong; winter
dōng tiānwinter; CL:
西dōng xithing; stuff; person; CL:,
dǒngto understand; to know
dòngto use; to act; to move; to change; abbr. for verb 动词
dòng animal; CL:,,
dōuall, both; entirely (due to) each; even; already
to read; to study; reading of word (i.e. pronunciation), similar to 拼音
duǎnshort or brief; to lack; weak point; fault
duànparagraph; section; segment; stage (of a process); classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc; surname Duan
duàn liànto engage in physical exercise; to work out; to toughen; to temper
duìcouple; pair; to be opposite; to oppose; to face; versus; for; to; correct (answer); to answer; to reply; to direct (towards sth); right
duì bu unworthy; to let down; I'm sorry; excuse me; pardon me; if you please; sorry? (please repeat)
dùnto stop; to pause; to arrange; to lay out; to kowtow; to stamp (one's foot); at once; classifier for meals, beatings, scoldings etc: time, bout, spell, meal
duōmany; much; a lot of; numerous; multi-; far more; in excess; how (to what extent)
duō mehow (wonderful etc); what (a great idea etc); however (difficult it may be etc)
duō shaohow much; how many; which (number); as much as
饿èto be hungry; hungry
ér qiě(not only...) but also; moreover; in addition; furthermore
ér zison
èrtwo; 2; stupid (Beijing dialect)
to send out; to show (one's feeling); to issue; to develop; classifier for gunshots (rounds)
shāoto have a high temperature (from illness); to have a fever
shēngto happen; to occur; to take place; to break out
xiànto find; to discover
zhǎndevelopment; growth; to develop; to grow; to expand
fānto turn over; to flip over; to overturn; to translate; to decode; to double; to climb over or into; to cross
fān to translate; to interpret; translator; interpreter; translation; interpretation; CL:,,
fǎn duìto fight against; to oppose; to be opposed to; opposition
fànfood; cuisine; cooked rice; meal; CL:,
fàn diànrestaurant; hotel; CL:,
便fāng biànconvenient; to help out; to make things easy for people; convenience; suitable; having money to spare; (euphemism) to go to the toilet
fāng method; way; means; CL:
fāng miànrespect; aspect; field; side; CL:
fāng xiàngdirection; orientation; path to follow; CL:
fáng jiānroom; CL:
访fǎng wènto visit; to call on; to interview; CL:
fàngto release; to free; to let go; to put; to place; to let out; to set off (fireworks)
fàng jiàto have a holiday or vacation
fēito fly
fēi chángunusual; extraordinary; extreme; very; exceptional
fēi airplane; CL:
fēnto divide; to separate; to allocate; to distinguish (good and bad); part or subdivision; fraction; one tenth (of certain units); unit of length equivalent to 0.33 cm; minute; a point (in sports or games); 0.01 yuan (unit of money)
fēn zhīindicating a fraction: 百分之十 = 10%
fēn zhōngminute
fēngto confer; to grant; to bestow a title; to seal; classifier for sealed objects, esp. letters; surname Feng
fēngwind; news; style; custom; manner; CL:,
fēng to enrich; rich; plentiful; abundant
renlady; madam; Mrs.; CL:
to serve; service; CL:
yuánwaiter; waitress; attendant; customer service personnel; CL:
dǎoto coach; to tutor; to give advice (in study)
jìn(in the) vicinity; nearby; neighboring; next to
qīnfather; also pr. with light tone ; CL:
o revise; to review; revision; to revise; CL:
complicated; complex
to be in charge of; to take responsibility for; to be to blame; conscientious
gāishould; ought to; probably; must be; to deserve; to owe; to be sb's turn to do sth; that; the above-mentioned
gǎito change; to alter; to transform; to correct
gǎi biànto change; to alter; to transform
gān jìngclean; neat
gǎnto dare; daring; (polite) may I venture
gǎn dàoto feel; to sense; to have the feeling that; to think that; to move; to affect
gǎn màoto catch cold; (common) cold; CL:,
gǎn xiè(express) thanks; gratitude; grateful; thankful; thanks
gàntree trunk; main part of sth; to manage; to work; to do; capable; cadre; to kill (slang); to fuck (vulgar)
gàn personnel; employees; cadre (in communist party); CL:
gānghard; firm; strong; just; barely; exactly
gāng fountain pen; CL:
gāng cái(just) a moment ago; just now; a moment ago
gāohigh; tall; above average; loud; your (honorific); surname Gao
gāo xìnghappy; glad; willing (to do sth); in a cheerful mood
gǎoto do; to make; to go in for; to set up; to get hold of; to take care of
gào suto tell; to inform; to let know
song; CL:,; to sing
geolder brother; CL:,
individual; this; that; size; classifier for people or objects in general
each; every
zhǒngevery kind of; all kinds of; various kinds
gěito; for; for the benefit of; to give; to allow; to do sth (for sb); (passive particle)
gēnroot; basis; classifier for long slender objects, e.g. cigarettes, guitar strings; CL:; radical (chemistry)
gēnheel; to follow closely; to go with; to marry sb (of woman); with; towards; as (compared to); from (different from); and (in addition to)
gèngmore; even more; further; still; still more
gōng chǎngfactory; CL:,
gōng gòng chēbus; CL:,
gōng jīnkilogram (kg)
gōng kilometer
gōng rénworker; CL:,
gōng industry
gōng yuánpublic park; CL:
gōng zuòjob; work; construction; task; CL:,,
gòuto reach; to be enough
nianggirl; young woman; young lady; daughter; CL:
shinarrative; story; tale
guāto blow (of the wind); to scrape; to blow; to shave; to plunder; to extort
guàto hang or suspend (from a hook etc); (of a telephone call) to hang up; to be worried or concerned; to make a phone call (topolect); to register or record; to hitch; classifier for sets or clusters of objects
guānmountain pass; to close; to shut; to turn off; to concern; to involve; surname Guan
guān xīnto care for sth; caring; concerned
guǎnbuilding; shop; term for certain service establishments; embassy or consulate; schoolroom (old); CL:
广guǎng broadcast; CL:; broadcasting; to broadcast; (formal) to propagate; to publicize
guìexpensive; noble; your (name); precious
guì xìngwhat is your name?
guócountry; nation; state; national; CL:; surname Guo
guó jiācountry; nation; state; CL:
guò(experienced action marker); to cross; to go over; to pass (time); to celebrate (a holiday); to live; to get along; excessively; too-; surname Guo
guò láito come over; to manage; to handle; to be able to take care of
laughing out loud (onomatopoeia)
háistill; still in progress; still more; yet; even more; in addition; fairly; passably (good); as early as; even; also; else
hái shìor; still; nevertheless
hái zichild
hǎiocean; sea; CL:,
hán jiàwinter vacation
hǎnto yell; to shout; to call out for (a person)
hàn Chinese language; CL:
hàn Chinese character; CL:; Japanese: kanji; Korean: hanja
hǎogood; well; proper; good to; easy to; very; so; (suffix indicating completion or readiness)
hǎo chītasty; delicious
hǎo chubenefit; advantage; gain; profit; also pronounced ; CL:
hǎo kàngood-looking
hǎo xiàngas if; to seem like
hàoordinal number; day of a month; mark; sign; business establishment; size; ship suffix; horn (wind instrument); bugle call; assumed name; to take a pulse; classifier used to indicate number of people
to drink; to shout (a command); My goodness!
and; together with; with; sum; union; peace; harmony; Japanese related; Taiwan pr. [han4]; surname He
river; CL:,
shìsuitable; fitting; decent; to fit
hēiblack; dark; abbr. for Heilongjiang 黑龙江 province in northeast China
hēi bǎnblackboard; CL:,
hěn(adverb of degree); quite; very; awfully
hóngbonus; popular; red; revolutionary
hòuback; behind; rear; afterwards; after; later; empress; queen; surname Hou
ránsuddenly; all of a sudden
lake; CL:,
xiāngeach other; mutually; mutual
huāflower; blossom; fancy pattern; CL:,,,,,; to spend (money, time); surname Hua
huàto draw; picture; painting; CL:,
huàdialect; language; spoken words; speech; talk; words; conversation; what sb said; CL:,,,,
huà xuéchemistry; chemical
huàibad; spoiled; broken; to break down
huān yíngto welcome; welcome
huánto pay back; to return; surname Huan
huànto change; to exchange
huángyellow; pornographic; to fall through; surname Huang or Hwang
huíto curve; to return; to revolve; to circle; to go back; to turn around; to answer; Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims); time; classifier for acts of a play; section or chapter (of a classic book)
huí to reply; to answer; the answer; CL:
huìcan; be possible; be able to; will; be likely to; be sure to; to assemble; to meet; to gather; to see; union; group; association; CL:; a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is )
huì huàconversation; CL:,
huóto live; alive; living; work; workmanship
huó dòngto exercise; to move about; to operate; activity; loose; shaky; active; movable; maneuver; to use connections; CL:,
huǒ chētrain; CL:,,,
huò zhěor; possibly; maybe; perhaps
fowl; chicken; CL:
běnbasic; fundamental; main; elementary
chǎngairport; airfield; CL:,
chǔbase; foundation; basis; underlying; CL:
dàn(chicken) egg; hen's egg; CL:,
huìopportunity; chance; occasion; CL:
machine; CL:,,
urgent; pressing; rapid; hurried; worried
a congregation; to gather; a set
leextremely; exceedingly
how much; how many; several; a few
crowded; to squeeze
to live (in a house); to lodge; to mail; to send; to entrust; to depend
to remember; to note; mark; sign; to record
huàplan; project; program; to plan; to map out; CL:,
shùtechnology; technique; skill; CL:,,
to continue; to proceed with; to go on with
jiāto add; plus; abbr. for Canada 加拿大
jiāhome; family; classifier for families or businesses; refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China; noun suffix for specialists in some activity such as musician or revolutionary, corresponds to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian; CL:; surname Jia
jiā tíngfamily; household; CL:,
jiānbetween; among; within a definite time or space; room; section of a room or lateral space between two pairs of pillars; classifier for rooms
jiān chíto persevere with; to persist in; to insist on
jiǎn cháinspection; to examine; to inspect; CL:
jiǎn dānsimple; not complicated
jiànitem; component; classifier for events, things, clothes etc
jiànto see; to meet; to appear (to be sth); to interview
jiàn kānghealth; healthy
jiàn miànto meet; to see sb; CL:
jiàn shèto build; to construct; construction; constructive
jiāngriver; CL:,; surname Jiang
jiāng láiin the future; future; the future; CL:
jiǎngto speak; to explain; to negotiate; to emphasise; to be particular about; as far as sth is concerned; speech; lecture
jiāoto hand over; to deliver; to pay (money); to turn over; to make friends; to intersect (lines)
jiāoto teach
jiǎofoot; leg; base; kick; CL:,
jiǎoangle; corner; horn; horn-shaped; unit of money equal to 0.1 yuan; CL:
jiǎo zidumpling; pot-sticker; CL:,
jiàoto shout; to call; to order; to ask; to be called; by (indicates agent in the passive mood)
jiào shìclassroom; CL:
jiào to educate; to teach; education
jiēto receive; to answer (the phone); to meet or welcome sb; to connect; to catch; to join; to extend; to take one's turn on duty; to take over for sb
jiēstreet; CL:
jiē zheto catch and hold on; to continue; to go on to do sth; to follow; to carry on; then; after that; subsequently; to proceed; to ensue; in turn; in one's turn
jiéfestival; holiday; node; joint; section; segment; part; to economize; to save; to abridge; moral integrity; classifier for segments, e.g. lessons, train wagons, biblical verses; CL:
jié guǒoutcome; result; conclusion; in the end; as a result; to kill; to dispatch
jié program; item (on a program); CL:,,
jié holiday; festival; CL:
jié shùtermination; to finish; to end; to conclude; to close
jiě jieolder sister; CL:
jiě juéto settle (a dispute); to resolve; to solve
jièto lend; to borrow; excuse; pretext; by means of; to seize (an opportunity); to take (an opportunity)
jiè shàoto present; to introduce; to recommend; to suggest; to let know; to brief
jīncatty; weight equal to 0.5 kg
jīn niánthis year
jīn tiāntoday; at the present; now
jǐntight; strict; close at hand; near; urgent; tense; hard up; short of money; to tighten
jǐn zhāngnervous; keyed up; intense; tense; strained; in short supply; scarce; CL:
jìnnear; close to; approximately
jìnto advance; to enter; to come (or go) into; to receive or admit; to eat or drink; to submit or present; (used after a verb) into, in; to score a goal
jìn láito come in
jìn to go in
jìn xíngto advance; to conduct; underway; in progress; to do; to carry out; to carry on; to execute
jīng cǎibrilliant; splendid
jīng chángday to day; everyday; daily; frequently; constantly; regularly; often
jīng guòto pass; to go through; process; course; CL:
jīng economy; economic
jīng shénspirit; mind; consciousness; thought; mental; psychological; essence; gist; CL:
jīng yànto experience; experience
jiǔ(long) time; (long) duration of time
jiǔnine; 9
jiǔwine (esp. rice wine); liquor; spirits; alcoholic beverage; CL:,,,,
jiùat once; right away; only; just (emphasis); as early as; already; as soon as; then; in that case; as many as; even if; to approach; to move towards; to undertake; to engage in; to suffer; subjected to; to accomplish; to take advantage of; to go with (of foods); with regard to; concerning
jiùold; opposite: new ; former; worn (with age)
zitangerine; CL:,
to lift; to hold up; to cite; to enumerate; to act; to raise; to choose; to elect
sentence; clause; phrase; classifier for phrases or lines of verse
zisentence; CL:
jué deto think; to feel
jué dìngto decide (to do something); to resolve; decision; CL:,; certainly
fēicoffee; CL:
chētruck; CL:
kāito open; to start; to turn on; to boil; to write out (a medical prescription); to operate (vehicle); abbr. for 开尔文 degrees Kelvin
kāi shǐto begin; beginning; to start; initial; CL:
kāi wán xiàoto play a joke; to make fun of; to joke
kāi xuéfoundation of a University or College; school opening; the start of a new term
kànto see; to look at; to read; to watch; to consider; to regard as; to view as; to treat as; to judge; (after repeated verb) to give it a try; depending on (how you're judging); to visit; to call on; to treat (an illness); to look after; Watch out! (for a danger)
kàn bìngto visit a doctor; to see a patient
kàn jiànto see; to catch sight of
kǎo shìto take an exam; exam; CL:
classifier for trees, cabbages, plants etc
xuéscience; scientific knowledge; scientific; CL:,,
souto cough; CL:
néngmight (happen); possible; probable; possibility; probability; maybe; perhaps; CL:
shìbut; however
can; may; possible; able to
to subdue; to overthrow; Ke (c. 2000 BC), seventh of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神农 Farmer God; to be able to; to restrain; to overcome; gram
quarter (hour); moment; to carve; to engrave; to cut; oppressive; classifier for short time intervals
subject; course; class; lesson; CL:,,
běntextbook; CL:
wéntext; CL:
kōng air; atmosphere
kǒumouth; classifier for things with mouths (people, domestic animals, cannons, wells etc); classifier for bites or mouthfuls
kǒu colloquial speech; spoken language; vernacular language; slander; gossip; CL:
to cry; to weep
bitter; hardship; pain; to suffer; to bring suffering to; painstakingly
kuàilump (of earth); chunk; piece; classifier for pieces of cloth, cake, soap etc; colloquial word for yuan (or other unit of currency such as Hong Kong or US dollar etc), usually as 块钱
kuàirapid; quick; speed; rate; soon; almost; to make haste; clever; sharp (of knives or wits); forthright; plain-spoken; gratified; pleased; pleasant
kùn nan(financial etc) difficulty; problem; issue; CL:
to pull; to play (string instruments); to drag; to draw
lasentence-final particle, contraction of 了啊, indicating exclamation; particle placed after each item in a list of examples
láito come; to arrive; to come round; ever since; next
lánblue; indigo plant; surname Lan
lán qiúbasketball; CL:,
láo dòngwork; toil; physical labor; CL:
láo jiàexcuse me
lǎoprefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity; old (of people); venerable (person); experienced; of long standing; always; all the time; of the past; very; outdated; (of meat etc) tough
lǎo shīteacher; CL:,
le(modal particle intensifying preceding clause); (completed action marker)
lèitired; weary; to strain; to wear out; to work hard
to leave; to part from; to be away from; (in giving distances) from; without (sth); independent of; one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦, symbolizing fire; ☲; surname Li; mythical beast (archaic)
kāito depart; to leave
li (Chinese mile); 500 meters (modern); home; hometown; village; neighborhood; administrative unit; Li (surname); lining; interior; inside; internal
gift; present; CL:,,
forthwith; immediate; prompt; promptly; straightway; thereupon; at once
for example; for instance; such as
shǐhistory; CL:,
yòngexploit; make use of; to use; to take advantage of; to utilize
liǎtwo (colloquial equivalent of 两个); both; some
lián dōueven... all
lián connection; contact; relation; to get in touch with; to integrate; to link; to touch
liǎnface; CL:,
liàn exercise; drill; practice; CL:
liáng kuainice and cold; pleasantly cool
liǎngboth; two; ounce; some; a few; tael; weight equal to 50 grams
liàngbright; clear; resonant; to shine; to show; to reveal
liàngclassifier for vehicles
liǎo(of eyes) bright; clear-sighted; to understand clearly; to finish; to achieve; to understand
liǎo jiěto understand; to realize; to find out
língzero; nought; zero sign; fractional; fragmentary; odd (of numbers); (placed between two numbers to indicate a smaller quantity followed by a larger one); fraction; (in mathematics) remainder (after division); extra; to wither and fall; to wither
lǐng dǎolead; leading; to lead; leadership; leader; CL:,
liúto flow; to disseminate; to circulate or spread; to move or drift; to degenerate; to banish or send into exile; stream of water or sth resembling one; class, rate or grade
liúto leave (eg a message); to retain; to stay; to remain; to keep; to preserve
liú niànto keep as a souvenir; to recall fondly
liú xué shēngstudent studying abroad; (foreign) exchange student; CL:,
liùsix; 6
lóuhouse with more than 1 story; storied building; floor; CL:,,
road; path; way; CL:; surname Lu
yīnto record (sound); sound-recording; CL:
xíngto travel; journey; trip; CL:,,
luànin confusion or disorder; in a confused state of mind; disorder; upheaval; riot; illicit sexual relations; to throw into disorder; to mix up; indiscriminate; random; arbitrary
mamama; mommy; mother; CL:,
faninconvenient; troublesome; annoying; to trouble or bother sb; to put sb to trouble
horse; horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess; knight in Western chess; surname Ma; abbr. for Malaysia 马来西亚
shàngat once; right away; immediately; on horseback (i.e. by military force)
ma(question tag)
mamodal particle indicating that sth is obvious; particle indicating a pause for emphasis
mǎito buy; to purchase
màito sell; to betray; to spare no effort; to show off or flaunt
mǎnfull; filled; packed; fully; completely; quite; to reach the limit; to satisfy; satisfied; contented; to fill; abbr. for Manchurian
mǎn satisfied; pleased; to one's satisfaction
mángbusy; hurriedly
máohair; feather; down; wool; mildew; mold; coarse or semifinished; young; raw; careless; unthinking; nervous; scared; (of currency) to devalue or depreciate; classifier for Chinese fractional monetary unit ( = , = 1; 10 yuan or 10 fen ); surname Mao
mào zihat; cap; CL:
méi(negative prefix for verbs); have not; not
méi guān xiit doesn't matter
méi siboring; of no interest
méi yǒuhaven't; hasn't; doesn't exist; to not have; to not be
měieach; every
mèi meiyounger sister; fig. younger woman (esp. girl friend or rival); CL:
méngate; door; CL:; gateway; doorway; CL:; opening; valve; switch; way to do something; knack; family; house; (religious) sect; school (of thought); class; category; phylum or division (taxonomy); classifier for large guns; classifier for lessons, subjects, branches of technology
mén kǒudoorway; gate; CL:
menplural marker for pronouns, and nouns referring to individuals
rice; CL:; meter (classifier); surname Mi
fàn(cooked) rice
miàn bāobread; CL:,,
mín nationality; ethnic group; CL:
míng niánnext year
míng tiāntomorrow
míng ziname (of a person or thing); CL:
qīnmother; also pr. with light tone ; CL:
qiánat the present time; currently
to hold; to seize; to catch; to apprehend; to take
how; which
where?; somewhere; anywhere; wherever; nowhere (negative answer to question); humble expression denying compliment
that; those; then (in that case); commonly pr. [nei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing
gethat one; also pr. [nei4 ge5]
lithere; that place
melike that; in that way; or so; so; so very much; about; in that case
yàngthat kind; that sort
nasentence-final particle (abbr. for 呢啊 or variant of )
na(particle equivalent to after noun ending in -n)
nánsouth; surname Nan
nánmale; Baron, lowest of five orders of nobility 五等爵位; CL:
nándifficult (to...); problem; difficulty; difficult; not good
neparticle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word ("What about...?", "And...?"); particle for inquiring about location ("Where is...?"); particle serving as a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board ("ok?", "are you with me?"); (at the end of a declarative sentence) a particle indicating continuation of a state or action; particle indicating strong affirmation
nèiinside; inner; internal; within; interior
nèi róngcontent; substance; details; CL:,
néngto be able to; to be capable of; ability; capability; able; capable; can possibly; (usually used in the negative) to have the possibility of; surname Neng
néng gòuto be capable of; to be able to; can
ǹg(a groaning sound)
you (informal, as opposed to courteous )
menyou (plural)
niányear; CL:
nián grade; CL:
nián age; CL:,
nián qīngyoung
niànto read; to study (a degree course); to read aloud; to miss (sb); idea; remembrance; twenty (banker's anti-fraud numeral corresponding to 廿, 20)
nínyou (courteous, as opposed to informal )
niúox; cow; bull; CL:,
niú nǎicow's milk; CL:,
nóng cūnrural area; village; CL:
nóng mínpeasant; CL:
nóng agriculture; farming
great effort; to strive; to try hard
female; woman; daughter
nuǎn huowarm; nice and warm
to crawl; to climb; to get up or sit up
to be afraid; to fear; to dread; to be unable to endure; perhaps; surname Pa
pāito pat; to clap; to slap; fly-swatter; racket; to take (a photograph)
pái qiúvolleyball; CL:
pàiclique; school; group; faction; to dispatch; to send; to assign; to appoint; pi (Greek letter Ππ); the circular ratio pi = 3.1415926; (loanword) pie
páng biānlateral; side; to the side; beside
pǎoto run; to escape; race
pǎo to walk quickly; to march; to run
péng youfriend; CL:,
pèngto touch; to meet with; to bump
píngto criticize; criticism; CL:
jiǔbeer; CL:,,,,
piānsheet; piece of writing; bound set of bamboo slips used for record keeping (old); classifier for written items: chapter, article
便pián yismall advantages; to let sb off lightly; cheap; inexpensive
piànthin piece; flake; a slice; film; TV play; to slice; to carve thin; partial; incomplete; one-sided; classifier for slices, tablets, tract of land, area of water; classifier for CDs, movies, DVDs etc; used with numeral : classifier for scenario, scene, feeling, atmosphere, sound etc
piàoticket; ballot; bank note; CL:; person held for ransom; amateur performance of Chinese opera; classifier for shipments and business transactions (topolect)
piào liangpretty; beautiful
píngbottle; vase; pitcher; CL:; classifier for wine and liquids
píng guǒapple; CL:,
broken; damaged; worn out; to break, split or cleave; to get rid of; to destroy; to break with; to defeat; to capture (a city etc); to expose the truth of
seven; 7
to ride (an animal or bike); to sit astride
to rise; to raise; to get up; to set out; to start; to appear; to launch; to initiate (action); to draft; to establish; to get (from a depot or counter); verb suffix, to start; (before place or time) starting from; classifier for occurrences or unpredictable events: case, instance; classifier for groups: batch, group
chuángto get up
chēcar; automobile; bus; CL:
shuǐsoda; pop
qiāna swing; thousand
qiān (lead) pencil; CL:,,
qiánfront; forward; ahead; ago; before; first; former; formerly; future; BC (e.g. 293)
qiáncoin; money; CL:; surname Qian
qiǎnshallow; light (color)
qiángwall; CL:,
qiáobridge; CL:
qīnglight; easy; gentle; soft; reckless; unimportant; frivolous; small in number; unstressed; neutral
qīng chuclear; distinct; to understand thorougly; to be clear about
qīng niányouth; CL:
qíngclear; fine (weather)
qíng kuàngcircumstances; state of affairs; situation; CL:,
qǐngto ask; to invite; please (do sth); to treat (to a meal etc); to request
qǐng jiàto request leave of absence
qǐng wènExcuse me, may I ask...?
qiūa swing; autumn; fall; harvest time; surname Qiu
qiū tiānautumn; CL:
qiúball; sphere; globe; CL:; ball game; match; CL:
to acquire; to get; to obtain
to go; to go to (a place); to cause to go or send (sb); to remove; to get rid of; (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do sth; to be apart from in space or time; (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker); (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation); (of a time or an event etc) just passed or elapsed
niánlast year
quánall; whole; entire; every; complete; surname Quan
quán whole; entire; complete
quán all; entire
què shíindeed; really; reliable; real; true
rán hòuafter; then (afterwards); after that; afterwards
ràngto yield; to permit; to let sb do sth; to have sb do sth
to warm up; to heat up; hot (of weather); heat; fervent
qíngcordial; enthusiastic; passion; passionate; passionately
rénman; person; people; CL:,
rén menpeople
rén mínthe people; CL:
rèn any; whatever; whichever; whatsoever
rèn shito know; to recognize; to be familiar with; acquainted with sth; knowledge; understanding; awareness; cognition
rèn wéito believe; to think; to consider; to feel
rèn zhēnconscientious; earnest; serious; to take seriously; to take to heart
sun; day; date, day of the month; abbr. for 日本 Japan
Japanese language
ziday; a (calendar) date; days of one's life
róng easy; likely; liable (to)
ròumeat; flesh; pulp (of a fruit)
sānthree; 3
sàn to take a walk; to go for a walk
shānmountain; hill; anything that resembles a mountain; CL:; bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons; gable; surname Shan
shāng diànstore; shop; CL:,
shàngon top; upon; above; upper; previous; first (of multiple parts); to climb; to get onto; to go up; to attend (class or university)
shàng bianthe top; above; overhead; upwards; the top margin; above-mentioned; those higher up
shàng to go to class; to attend class; to go to teach a class
shàng láito come up; to approach; (verb complement indicating success)
shàng to go up
shàng morning; CL:
shàng xuéto go to school; to attend school
shǎofew; little; lack
shè huìsociety; CL:
shēnclose; deep; late; profound; dark (of color, water etc)
shēn (human) body; health; CL:
shén mewhat?; who?; something; anything
shēngsound; voice; tone; noise; classifier for sounds
shēng chǎnchildbirth; parturition; to produce; manufacture
shēng new word (in textbook); word that is unfamiliar or not yet studied; CL:,
shēng diàotone; note; a tone (on a Chinese syllable); CL:
shēng huólife; activity; to live; livelihood
shēng yīnvoice; sound; CL:
shěngto save; to economize; to do without; to omit; to leave out; province; CL:
shèngto remain; to be left; to have as remainder
shèng victory; CL:
shī fumaster; qualified worker; respectful form of address for older men; CL:,,
shíten; 10
shí fēnto divide into ten equal parts; very; hundred percent; completely; extremely; utterly; absolutely
shí houtime; length of time; moment; period
shí jiāntime; period; CL:
shí jiànto practice; to put into practice; to fulfill
shí tángdining hall; CL:,
shí xiànto achieve; to implement; to realize; to bring about
使shǐ yòngto use; to employ; to apply; to make use of
shìmatter; thing; item; work; affair; CL:,
shìmarket; city; CL:
shìis; are; am; yes; to be
shìto test; to try; experiment; examination; test
shì jièworld; CL:
shōuto receive; to accept; to collect; in care of (used on address line after name)
shōu shito put in order; to tidy up; to pack; to repair; to punish (colloquial); to manage
shǒuhand; (formal) to hold; person engaged in certain types of work; person skilled in certain types of work; personal(ly); convenient; CL:,
shǒu biǎowrist watch; CL:,,
shǒu capital (city); CL:
shūbook; letter; CL:,,; see also 书经 Book of History
shūto lose; to transport; to donate; to enter (a password)
shū fucomfortable; feeling well
shúcooked (of food); ripe (of fruit); mature (of seeds); familiar; skilled; done
shǔto count; to enumerate; to criticize (i.e. enumerate shortcomings)
shùtree; CL:
shù xuémathematics; mathematical
shuāngtwo; double; pair; both; surname Shuang
shuǐwater; river; liquid; beverage; additional charges or income; (of clothes) classifier for number of washes; surname Shui
shuǐ guǒfruit; CL:
shuǐ pínglevel (of achievement etc); standard; horizontal
shuìto sleep
shuì jiàoto go to bed; to sleep
shuōto speak; to say; a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory)
shuō míngto explain; to illustrate; to indicate; to show; to prove; explanation; directions; caption; CL:
xiǎngthought; thinking; idea; ideology; CL:
to die; impassable; uncrossable; inflexible; rigid; extremely
four; 4
sòngto deliver; to carry; to give (as a present); to present (with); to see off; to send
宿 shèdormitory; dorm room; living quarters; hostel; CL:
suānsour; sore; ache; acid
suànregard as; to figure; to calculate; to compute
suī ránalthough; even though; even if
suìclassifier for years (of age); year; year (of crop harvests)
suǒ therefore; as a result; so
suǒ yǒuall; to have; to possess; to own
he or him; (used for either sex when the sex is unknown or unimportant); (used before sb's name for emphasis); (used as a meaningless mock object); other; another
menthey; them (for females)
menthey (for inanimate objects)
táito lift; to raise; (of two or more persons) to carry
tàihighest; greatest; too (much); very; extremely
tài dumanner; bearing; attitude; approach; CL:
tài yángsun; CL:
tánto speak; to talk; to converse; to chat; to discuss; surname Tan
tāngsoup; hot or boiling water; decoction of medicinal herbs; water in which sth has been boiled; surname Tang
tángsugar; sweets; candy; CL:,
tǎngto recline; to lie down
tǎo lùnto discuss; to talk over; CL:
biéespecially; special; particular; unusual
téng(it) hurts; sore; to love dearly
to kick; to play (e.g. soccer)
to carry (hanging down from the hand); to lift; to put forward; to mention; to raise (an issue); upwards character stroke; lifting brush stroke (in painting); scoop for measuring liquid
gāoto raise; to increase
sports; physical education
tiānday; sky; heaven
tiān weather
tiáostrip; item; article; clause (of law or treaty); classifier for long thin things (ribbon, river, road, trousers etc)
tiáo jiàncondition; circumstances; term; factor; requirement; prerequisite; qualification; CL:
tiàoto jump; to hop; to skip over; to bounce; to palpitate
tiào to dance
tīngto listen; to hear; to obey; a can (loanword from English "tin"); classifier for canned beverages
tīng jiànto hear
tīng shuōto hear (sth said); one hears (that); hearsay; listening and speaking
tīng xiědictate; dictation; CL:
tíngto stop; to halt; to park (a car)
tǐngto stick out; to (physically) straighten up; to endure or hold out; straight; stiff; outstanding; extraordinary; rather; quite; very; classifier for machine guns
tōngto go through; to know well; to connect; to communicate; open; to clear; classifier for letters, telegrams, phone calls etc
tōng guòby means of; through; via; to pass through; to get through; to adopt; to pass (a bill or inspection etc.); to switch over
tōng zhīto notify; to inform; notice; notification; CL:
tóng shíat the same time; simultaneously
tóng xuéto study at the same school; fellow student; classmate; CL:,
tóng to agree; to consent; to approve
tóng zhìcomrade; homosexual (slang); CL:
tòng kuaijolly
tóuhead; hair style; the top; end; beginning or end; a stub; remnant; chief; boss; side; aspect; first; leading; classifier for pigs or livestock; CL:
ránsudden; abrupt; unexpected
shū guǎnlibrary; CL:,
tuán jiéa rally; to hold a rally; to join forces
tuīto push; to cut; to refuse; to reject; to decline; to shirk (responsibility); to put off; to delay; to push forward; to nominate; to elect
tuǐleg; CL:
退tuìto retreat; to decline; to move back; to withdraw
tuōto shed; to take off; to escape; to get away from
zisocks; stockings; CL:,,
wàioutside; in addition; foreign; external
wài bianoutside; outer surface; abroad; place other than one's home
wài guóforeign (country); CL:
wài foreign language; CL:
wánto finish; to be over; whole; complete; entire
wán chéngcomplete; accomplish; perfect tense (grammar)
wán quáncomplete; whole; totally; entirely
wǎnevening; night; late
wǎnbowl; cup; CL:,
wǎn fànevening meal; dinner; supper; CL:,,,
wǎn huìevening party; CL:
wǎn shangevening; night; CL:; in the evening
wànten thousand; a great number; surname Wan
wǎngto go (in a direction); to; towards; (of a train) bound for; past; previous
wàngto forget; to overlook; to neglect
wēi xiǎndanger; dangerous
wéis (i.e. in the capacity of); to take sth as; to act as; to serve as; to behave as; to become; to be; to do; as (in the capacity of)
wěi great; mighty; large
wèior; to; because of; for
wèiposition; location; place; seat; classifier for people (honorific); classifier for binary bits (e.g. 十六位 16-bit or 2 bytes)
wèito feed; hello (interj., esp. on telephone); hey; to feed (sb or some animal)
wèi lein order to; for the purpose of; so as to
wèi shén mewhy?; for what reason?
wén huàculture; civilization; cultural; CL:,
wén xuéliterature; CL:
wén xué jiāwriter; man of letters; CL:
wén literature and art
wén zhāngarticle; essay; literary works; writings; hidden meaning; CL:,,
wènto ask
wèn hǎoto say hello to; to send one's regards to
wèn question; problem; issue; topic; CL:
I; me; my
menwe; us; ourselves; our
shǒuto shake hands
zihouse; room; CL:
five; 5
fànlunch; CL:,,,
physics; physical
西west; the West; abbr. for Spain 西班牙; Spanish
西 biānwest; west side; western part; to the west of
wàngto wish for; to desire; hope CL:
guànhabit; custom; usual practice; to be used to; CL:
to wash; to bathe; to develop (photo)
huanto like; to be fond of
zǎoto bathe; to take a shower
to connect; to arrest; to worry; system; department; faculty; to relate to; to tie up; to bind; to be (literary)
thin or slender; finely particulate; thin and soft; fine; delicate; trifling; (of a sound) quiet; frugal
xiàdown; downwards; below; lower; later; next (week etc); second (of two parts); to decline; to go down
xiàsummer; the Xia or Hsia dynasty c. 2000 BC; Xia of the Sixteen Kingdoms (407-432); surname Xia
xià to finish class; to get out of class
xià tiānsummer; CL:
xià afternoon; CL:; p.m.
xiānearly; prior; former; in advance; first
xiān shengteacher; husband; doctor (topolect); CL:; Mister (Mr.)
xiàn dàimodern times; modern age; modern era; Hyundai, South Korean company
xiàn zàinow; at present; at the moment; modern; current; nowadays
xiāngfragrant; sweet smelling; aromatic; savory or appetizing; (to eat) with relish; (of sleep) sound; perfume or spice; joss or incense stick; CL:
xiāng jiāobanana; CL:,,,
xiāng xìnto be convinced (that sth is true); to believe; to accept sth as true
xiǎngecho; sound; noise; to make a sound; to sound; to ring; loud; classifier for noises
xiǎngto think; to believe; to suppose; to wish; to want; to miss
xiàngto resemble; to appear; to seem; appearance; image; portrait
xiàngtowards; to face; to turn towards; direction; to support; to side with; shortly before; formerly; always; all along; surname Xiang
xiāo xinews; information; CL:
xiǎosmall; tiny; few; young
xiǎo jieyoung lady; miss; CL:,
xiǎo shíhour; CL:
xiàolaugh; smile; CL:
xiēsome; few; several; measure word indicating a small amount or small number (greater than 1)
xiéshoe; CL:,
xiěto write
xiè xieto thank; thanks
xīnheart; mind; intention; centre; core; CL:,
xīnnew; newly; meso- (chemistry); abbr. for Xinjiang 新疆 or Singapore 新加坡
xīn hard; exhausting; with much toil; thanks for your trouble
xīn niánNew Year; CL:
xīn wénnews; CL:,
xìnletter; mail; to trust; to believe; to profess faith in; truthful; confidence; trust; at will; at random
xìn fēngenvelope; CL:
xīng week; CL:; day of the week; Sunday
xīng Sunday; CL:
xíngto walk; to go; to travel; a visit; temporary; makeshift; current; in circulation; to do; to perform; capable; competent; effective; all right; OK!; will do
xìngfamily name; surname; name; CL:
xìng blessed; happiness; happy
xiū xirest; to rest
yàoto need; to want; to demand; to require; requirement; need
duōmany; a lot of; much
xuélearn; study; science; -ology
xué shengstudent; school child
xué to learn; to study
xué xiàoschool; CL:
xué yuàncollege; educational institute; school; faculty; CL:
xuěsnow; snowfall; CL:; to have the appearance of snow; to wipe away, off or out; to clean; surname Xue
(sound of surprise) ah, oh; grate, creak
ya(particle equivalent to after a vowel, expressing surprise or doubt)
yán jiūresearch; a study; CL:
yán color; CL:
yǎn chūto act (in a play); to perform; to put on (a performance); performance; concert; show; CL:,
yǎn jingeye; CL:,
yàn huìbanquet; feast; dinner party; CL:,
yángsheep; CL:,; surname Yang
yàng zimanner; air; looks; aspect
yāo qiúto request; to require; to stake a claim; to ask; to demand; CL:
yàomedicine; drug; cure; CL:,; dru
yàoimportant; vital; to want; will; going to (as future auxiliary); may; must
also; too; (in Classical Chinese) final particle implying affirmation; surname Ye
perhaps; maybe
page; leaf
one; 1; single; a (article); as soon as; entire; whole; all; throughout; "one" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 1)
bānsame; ordinary; common; general; generally; in general
dìngsurely; certainly; necessarily; fixed; a certain (extent etc); given; particular; must
fuclothes; CL:,
jiùas soon as...
in the same place; together; with; altogether (in total)
qièeverything; every; all
shēngdoctor; CL:,,
xiēsome; a few; a little
yàngsame; like; equal to; the same as; just like
yuànhospital; CL:,,
zhístraight (in a straight line); continuously; always; from the beginning of... up to...; all along
hòuafter; later; afterwards; following; later on; in the future
qiánbefore; formerly; previous; ago
wéito believe; to think; to consider; to be under the impression
zichair; CL:,
亿100 million
jiànidea; opinion; suggestion; objection; complaint; CL:,
siidea; opinion; meaning; wish; desire; CL:
sense; meaning; significance; importance; CL:
yīnovercast (weather); cloudy; shady; Yin (the negative principle of Yin and Yang); negative (electric.); feminine; moon; implicit; hidden; genitalia; surname Yin
yīn wèibecause; owing to; on account of
yīn yuèmusic; CL:,,
yín hángbank; CL:,
yīng gāiought to; should; must
yīng English (language)
yíngto beat; to win; to profit
yǐng xiǎngan influence; an effect; to influence; to affect (usually adversely); to disturb; CL:
yǒng yuǎnforever; eternal
yòngto use; to employ; to have to; to eat or drink; expense or outlay; usefulness; hence; therefore
yóu post office; CL:,
yóu piào(postage) stamp; CL:,
yóu especially; particularly
yóu yǒngswimming; to swim
yǒuto have; there is; there are; to exist; to be
yǒu de(there are) some (who are...); some (exist)
yǒu hǎofriendly (relations); Youhao district of Yichun city 伊春市, Heilongjiang
yǒu míngfamous; well-known
yǒu shí housometimes
yǒu xiēsome; somewhat
yǒu companionship; fellowship; friendship
yǒu siinteresting; meaningful; enjoyable; fun
yòu(once) again; also; both... and...; again
yòuright (-hand); the Right (politics); west (old)
fish; CL:,
kuàicheerful; cheerily; delightful; pleasant; pleasantly; pleasing; happy; delighted
rain; CL:,
yánlanguage; CL:,
dàoto meet; to run into; to come across
to prepare a lesson
yuánChinese monetary unit; dollar; primary; first; surname Yuan; the Yuan or Mongol dynasty (1279-1368)
yuáncircle; round; circular; spherical; (of the moon) full; unit of Chinese currency (Yuan); tactful; to justify
yuán láioriginal; former; originally; formerly; at first; so... actually
yuán liàngto excuse; to forgive; to pardon
yuǎnfar; distant; remote
yuàn to wish; to want; ready; willing (to do sth)
yuèmoon; month; CL:,
yuè liangmoon
yuè qiúthe moon
yúncloud; CL:; surname Yun; abbr. for Yunnan Province 云南省; (classical) to say
yùn dòngmovement; campaign; CL: ; sports
zàiagain; once more; re-; second; another; then (after sth, and not until then)
zài(located) at; (to be) in; to exist; in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
zài jiàngoodbye; see you again later
zánI or me; we (including both the speaker and the person spoken to)
zán menwe or us (including both the speaker and the person(s) spoken to); I or me; you
zāngdirty; filthy
zǎoearly; morning; Good morning!
zǎo chénearly morning; CL:
zǎo fànbreakfast; CL:,,,
zěn mehow?; what?; why?
zěn me yànghow?; how about?; how was it?; how are things?
zěn yànghow; why
zēng jiāto raise; to increase
zhǎn lǎnto put on display; to exhibit; exhibition; show; CL:,
zhànto take possession of; to occupy; to take up
zhànstation; to stand; to halt; to stop; branch of a company or organization; website
zhāngto open up; to spread; sheet of paper; classifier for flat objects, sheet; classifier for votes; surname Zhang
zhǎngchief; head; elder; to grow; to develop; to increase; to enhance
zhǎng to grasp (often fig.); to control; to seize (initiative, opportunity, destiny); to master; to know well; to understand sth well and know how to use it; fluency
zháo to worry; to feel anxious; Taiwan pron. [zhao1 ji2]
zhǎoto try to find; to look for; to call on sb; to find; to seek; to return; to give change
zhào guto take care of; to show consideration; to attend to; to look after
zhào xiàngto take a photograph
zhèthis; these; (commonly pr. [zhei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing)
zhè gethis; this one
zhè here; her
zhè meso much; this much; how much?; this way; like this
zhè xiēthese
zhè yàngthis kind of; so; this way; like this; such
zheparticle attached after verb to indicate action in progress, like -ing ending
zhēnreally; truly; indeed; real; true; genuine
zhēn zhènggenuine; real; true; genuinely
zhěng orderly; neat; even; tidy
zhèngjust (right); main; upright; straight; correct; positive; greater than zero; principle
zhèng government; CL:
zhèng quècorrect; proper
zhèng zàiin the process of (doing something or happening); while (doing)
zhèng zhìpolitics; political
zhīclassifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, vessels etc
zhīto support; to sustain; to erect; to raise; branch; division; to draw money; classifier for rods such as pens and guns, for army divisions and for songs or compositions; surname Zhi
zhī jiānbetween; among; inter-
zhī shiintellectual; knowledge-related; knowledge; CL:
zhǐbut; only; merely; just
zhǐfinger; to point at or to; to indicate or refer to; to depend on; to count on; (of hair) to stand on end
zhǐpaper; CL:,; classifier for documents, letter etc
zhǐ hǎowithout any better option; to have to; to be forced to
zhōngwithin; among; in; middle; center; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; surname Zhong
zhōngclock; o'clock; time as measured in hours and minutes; bell; CL:,; handleless cup; goblet; to concentratesurname Zhong
zhōng jiānbetween; intermediate; mid; middle
zhōng tóuhour; CL:
zhōng wénChinese; Chinese written language; Chinese writing
zhōng noon; midday; CL:
zhōng xuémiddle school; CL:
zhǒngabbr. for 物种, genus; race; seed; breed; species; strain; kind; type; has guts (i.e. courage); nerve; classifier for types: kind, sort; classifier for languages
zhòngheavy; serious
zhòng yàoimportant; significant; major
zhōuweek; weeklyto make a circuit; to circle; circle; circumference; lap; cycle; complete; all; all over; thorough; to help financially; surname Zhou; Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC)
zhōu wéinvironment; to encompass; surroundings; environment
zhūhog; pig; swine; CL:,
zhǔ yàomain; principal; major; primary
zhǔ yiplan; idea; decision; CL:
zhùto live; to dwell; to stay; to reside; to stop
zhùto wish; to express good wishes; to pray; (old) wizard; surname Zhu
zhù to take note of; to pay attention to
zhuāngadornment; to adorn; dress; clothing; costume (of an actor in a play); to play a role; to pretend; to install; to fix; to wrap (sth in a bag); to load; to pack
zhǔn bèipreparation; to prepare; to intend; to be about to; reserve (fund)
zhuō zitable; desk; CL:,
letter; symbol; character; word; CL:; courtesy or style name traditionally given to males aged 20 in dynastic China
oneself; one's own
xíng chēbicycle; bike; CL:
zǒng shìalways
zǒuto walk; to go; to run; to move (of vehicle); to visit; to leave; to go away; to die (euph.); from; through; away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走); to change (shape, form, meaning)
qiúfootball; soccer; CL:
guóancestral land CL:; homeland; used for PRC
zhīto organize; organization; organized system; nerve; tissue; CL:
zuǐmouth; beak; spout (of teapot etc); CL:,
zuìmost; the most; -est
zuì chūfirst; primary; initial
zuì hòufinal; last; finally; ultimate
zuì jìnrecent; recently; these days; latest; soon; nearest (of locations); shortest (of routes)
zuó tiānyesterday
zuǒleft; the Left (politics); east; unorthodox; queer; wrong; differing; opposite; variant of ; surname Zuo
zuòto do; to grow; to write or compose; to pretend; to regard as; to feel; writings or works
zuòto do; to make; to produce; to write; to compose; to act as; to engage in; to hold (a party); to be; to become; to function (in some capacity); to serve as; to be used for; to form (a bond or relationship); to pretend; to feign; to act a part; to put on appearance
zuòto sit; to take a seat; to take (a bus, airplane etc); to bear fruit; surname Zuo
zuòseat; base; stand; CL:; classifier for buildings, mountains and similar immovable objects
zuò school assignment; homework; work; task; operation; CL:; to operate