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HSK level 4: 3050 word(s) found.


āi dàoto grieve over sb's death; to lament sb's death; mourning
āi qiúto entreat; to implore; to plead
ài dàito love and respect; love and respect
ài shì(usu used in the negative) to be of importance or to matter; to be in the way; to be a hindrance
ài to cherish; to treasure; to use sparingly
ài bìngAIDS (loanword)
ān níngpeaceful; tranquil; calm; composed; free from worry; Anning district of Lanzhou city 兰州市, Gansu
ān wěnsmooth and steady
ān xiángserene
ān zhìfind a place for; help settle down; arrange for; to get into bed; placement
àn dàndim; faint; dismal; gloomy
àn jiànlaw case; legal case; judicial case; CL:,,
àn láo fēn pèidistribution according to work
àn qíngdetails of a case; case
àn shāassassinate
àn shìto hint; to suggest; suggestion; hint
àn zhōngin the dark; in secret; on the sly; surreptitiously
áng guìexpensive; costly
áng yángelated; high-spirited
lěi ballet
guānto guard a pass; to check on sth
acrobatics; jugglery; cheap trick; game
dàothe Way of the Hegemon, abbr. of 霸王之道; despotic rule; rule by might; evil as opposed to the Way of the King 王道; overbearing; tyranny; (of liquor, medicine etc) strong; potent
quánhegemony; supremacy
zhànto occupy by force; to seize; to dominate
bái jiǔspirit usually distilled from sorghum or maize; white spirit
bǎi bèia hundredfold; a hundred times
bǎi dòngoscillation; swing; sway
bǎi fēn percentage
bǎi huā fànga hundred flowers bloom (idiom); let the arts have free expression
bǎi jiā zhēng mínga hundred schools of thought contend (idiom); refers to the classical philosophic schools of the Warring States period 475-221 BC
bài huàito ruin; to corrupt; to undermine
bài niánpay a New Year call; wish sb a Happy New Year
bān to issue; to proclaim; to enact (laws, decrees etc)
bān to issue; to promulgate; to award
bān airliner; airplane; plane; CL:,
bān yùnfreight; transport; portage; to transport; to carry
bān ziorganized group; theatrical troupe
bàn biān tiānhalf the sky; women of the new society; women folk
bàn jiéhalf (of a section); half-finished
bàn jìngradius
bàn halfway; midway; on the way
bàn companion; mate; partner
bàn shùhalf the number; half
bàn suíto accompany; to follow; to occur together with; concomitant
bàn ér fèito give up halfway (idiom); leave sth unfinished
bàn xuéto run a school
bàn yǎnto play the role of; to act
bàn zhēn bàn jiǎ(idiom) half true and half false
bàn zòuto accompany (musically)
bǎng jiàto kidnap; to abduct; to hijack; a kidnapping; abduction; staking
bàng qiúbaseball; CL:,
bāo bàntake care of everything concerning a job; run the whole show
bāo guǒwrap up; bind up; bundle; parcel; package; CL:
bāo zhuāngpack; package
báo zihail; hailstone
bǎo bèitreasured object; treasure; darling; baby; cowry; good-for-nothing or queer character
bǎo saturation
bǎo jiànhealth protection; health care
bǎo jiàna double-edged sword; CL:
bǎo treasure-house; treasury; treasure-trove (often fig., book of treasured wisdom)
bǎo lěifort
bǎo mǎnfull; plump
bǎo nanny; housekeeper
bǎo wēnto keep hot; heat preservation
bǎo yǎngto take good care of (or conserve) one's health; to keep in good repair; to maintain; maintenance
bǎo zhòngto take care of oneself
bào to repay; to requite
bào dònginsurrection; rebellion
bào fēng zhòu violent wind and rainstorm; hurricane; tempest
bào aspiration; ambition
bào kǎoenter oneself for an examination
bào violence; (use) force; violent
bào to blow up; to demolish (using explosives); dynamite; blast
bào xiāosubmit an expense account; apply for reimbursement; write-off; wipe out
bào yuànto complain; to grumble
bào zhúfirecracker
bēi base; mean; contemptible; despicable
bēi cǎnmiserable; tragic
bēi fèngrief and indignation
bēi tragedy; CL:
bēi shāngsad; sorrowful
bèi gàodefendant
bèi shell; conch; cowry; mother of pearl; hard outer skin; alternative reading [bei4 qiao4], mostly written
bèi miànthe back; the reverse side; the wrong side
bèi pànto betray
bèi shùmultiple
bèi yòngreserve; spare; alternate; backup
bēn chírun quickly; speed; Benz (name); Mercedes-Benz, German car make
bēn téng(of waves) to surge forward; to roll on in waves; to gallop
běn nénginstinct
běn xìngnatural instincts; nature; inherent quality
běn zhebased on...; in conformance with..; taking as one's main principle
bèn dànfool; idiot
bèn zhòngheavy; cumbersome; unwieldy
bèn zhuōclumsy; awkward; stupid
bēng dàibandage
bēng kuìto collapse; to crumble; to fall apart
jìnto press on towards; to close in on; to approach; to draw near
to force; to compel; to coerce
jiàprice relations; parity; rate of exchange
metaphor; analogy; figure of speech; figuratively
zhíperfectly straight; straight as a ramrod; bolt upright
zhòngproportion; specific gravity
bìngmalady; evil; malpractice; drawback; disadvantage
duānmalpractice; abuse; corrupt practice
绿 dark green
shìclosing ceremony
stop up; close up; hard to get to; out of the way; inaccessible; unenlightened; blocking
biān to spur on; to urge on; to encourage sb (e.g. to make progress)
biān fángfrontier defense
biān hàoto number; numbering; serial number
biān jìngfrontier; border
biān pàofirecrackers; a string of small firecrackers; CL:
biān zhě àneditor's commentary
biān ziwhip; CL:
biǎn to belittle; to disparage; to play down; to demean; to degrade; to devalue
biǎn derogatory sense; negative connotation
biǎn zhíto become devaluated; to devaluate; to depreciate
biàn biéto differentiate; to distinguish; to discriminate; also written 辨别
便biàn dàoshortcut; pavement; sidewalk; makeshift road
biàn everywhere; all over
biàn gēngchange; alter; modify
biàn to speak in defense of; to argue in favor of; to defend; to plead
biàn huànto transform; to convert; to vary; to alternate; a transformation
biàn jiěto explain; to justify; to defend (a point of view etc); to provide an explanation; to try to defend oneself
biàn qiānchanges; vicissitudes
biàn rènto distinguish; to examine and recognize
biàn xíngdeformation; to become deformed; to change shape; to morph
biàn zhènginvestigate; dialectical
biàn zhèng dialectics; dialectic or Socratic method of debate
biàn zhìto degenerate; to go bad; to deteriorate; metamorphosis
biàn ziplait; braid; pigtail; a mistake or shortcoming that may be exploited by an opponent; handle; CL:,
biāo běnspecimen; sample; the root cause and symptoms of a disease
biāo title; heading; headline; caption; subject
biǎo zhāngto honor; to commend; to cite (in dispatches)
biè niuawkward; difficult; uncomfortable; not agreeing; at loggerheads; gauche; awkward (writing or speech)
bǐng xìnginnate character; natural disposition; attitude
bìng chóng hàiplant diseases and insect pests
bìng cúnto exist at the same time; to coexist
bìng virus
bìng fēireally isn't
bìng hàosick personnel; person on the sick list; patient
bìng lièto stand side by side; to be juxtaposed
bìng páiside by side; abreast
dòngto undulate; to fluctuate; wave motion; rise and fall
fàngto broadcast; to transmit
kuǎnallocate funds; appropriation
tāogreat waves; billows
yīnto transmit; to broadcast
zhòngto sow seeds; sowing; seed
chìto refute; to debunk; to deny; to denounce
dòuto wrestle; to fight; to struggle
lǎn huìexposition; international fair
membrane; film; CL:
chángto compensate; to make up
lāofish for (aquatic animals and plants); catch
tiēto subsidize; subsidy; allowance
zhù(financial) subsidy; allowance
zhuōto catch; to seize; to capture
bēi kàng(saying) neither servile nor overbearing; neither obsequious nor supercilious
bīnginfantry; foot; infantryman; foot soldier
ér biéleave without saying good-bye
dàngunsuitable; improper; inappropriate
must not; may not; not be allowed; cannot
act against one's will; have no alternative but to; have to; to have no choice; must
děngto vary; to differ; inequality
dìngindefinite; indeterminate; (botany) adventitious
pace; (measured) step; march
lawless; illegal; unlawful
gōngunjust; unfair
jiànparts; components; assembly; character radical
jiěto not understand; to be puzzled by; indissoluble
arrangement; composition; layout; opening (chess jargon)
kāncannot bear; cannot stand; utterly; extremely
kuìto be worthy of; to deserve to be called; to prove oneself to be
liángbad; harmful; unhealthy
róngnot tolerate; not allow; not brook; to not welcome
shífrom time to time; now and then; occasionally
wèiposition; place
not stint; not spare; not hesitate (to do sth); not scruple (to do sth)
xiāng shàng xiàequally matched; about the same
xíngto go on foot; to walk
xiǔimmortal; immortality
yán ér it goes without saying; it is self-evident
not suitable; inadvisable; inappropriate
zhèng zhī fēngunhealthy tendency
zhī juéunconsciously; unwittingly
zhì unlikely to go so far as to; not as bad as
zistep; pace
cāi to guess; to conjecture; to surmise
cái gànability; competence
cái jīngfinance and economics
cái juéruling; adjudication
cái jūndisarmament
cái kuàifinance and accounting
cái financial resources; financial ability
cái financial affairs
cái zhìability and wisdom
访cǎi fǎngto interview; to gather news; to hunt for and collect; to cover
cǎi to gather; to collect; to harvest
cǎi to accept; to adopt
cài dānmenu; CL:,
cān jūnto join the army
cān yuànsenate; upper chamber (of legislative assembly)
cān to participate (in sth)
cān yuèto consult; to refer to; to read (instructions)
cān zhàoto consult a reference; to refer to (another document)
cán bàobloody and cruel; a brutal person; to massacre; an atrocity
cán rěncruel; mean; merciless; ruthless
cán remnant; relic; residue; vestige; surplus; to remain; to leave surplus
cāng all of a sudden; hurriedly
cāo láoto work hard; to look after
cāo liàndrill; practice
cǎo shuàicareless; negligent; sloppy; not serious
dìngto survey and evaluate
huàto plot; to scheme; to bring about; to engineer; planning; producer; planner
lüètactics; to be tactful
miànlateral side; side; aspect; profile
suànto take measurements and calculate
céng chū qióngmore and more emerge; innumerable succession; breeding like flies (idiom)
céng arrangement of ideas; administrative level; level; stage; phase
chā cuòmistake; slip-up; fault; error (in data transmission); accident; mishap
chā disparity; gap
chā difference; discrepancy
chā zuǐto interrupt (sb talking); to butt in; to cut into a conversation
chá chǔto investigate and take care of
chá huòto investigate and capture (a criminal); to ferret out; to hunt down and arrest
chá míngto investigate and find out; to ascertain
chá yuèto consult; to refer to; to look sth up in a reference source
chà an instant (Sanskrit: ksana); split second; the twinkling of an eye
chà flabbergasted; astonished
chái yóudiesel fuel
chán yánslander
chǎn the source (of a product); place of origin; manufacturing location
chǎn míngto elucidate; to explain clearly; to expound
chǎn place of production; manufacturing location
chǎn shùto expound (a position); to elaborate (on a topic); to treat (a subject)
chǎn industry; estate; property; industrial
chāng kuángsavage; furious
chāng shèngprosperous
cháng duǎnlength; duration; accident; right and wrong; good and bad; long and short
cháng guīconventional (weapons); conventional; common; routine
cháng huánto repay; to reimburse
cháng jiàncommonly seen; common; to see sth frequently
cháng niánall year round; for years on end; average year
cháng shìto try; to attempt; CL:
寿cháng shòulongevity; ability to live long; long lived; Changshou suburban district of Chongqing municipality, formerly in Sichuan
cháng routine; everyday business; daily operation (of a company)
cháng yòngin common usage
cháng zhēngexpedition; long march; the Communist Long March (1934-1935)
chǎng fánga building used as a factory; factory (building); CL:,
chǎng jiāfactory; factory owners
chǎng kāito open wide; unrestrictedly
chǎng shāngcompany; firm
chǎng suǒlocation; place
chàng tánto chat; a long talk; verbose; to talk freely to one's heart's content
chàng tōngunimpeded; free-flowing; straight path; unclogged; move without obstruction
chàng xiāobest seller; chart-topping
chàng to suggest; to initiate; proposal; initiative
chāo chǎnto exceed a production goal
chāo chūto exceed; to overstep; to go too far; to encroach
chāo super-; ultra-; hyper-
chāo yuèto surpass; to exceed; to transcend
cháo dàidynasty; reign (of a king)
cháo liútide; current; trend
cháo xiàojeer; mockery; scoff; sneer; make fun of; laugh at (derogatory)
chǎo nàonoisy
chǎo zuǐto quarrel
chē chuánglathe
退chè tuìto retreat
chè xiāoto repeal; to revoke; to undo (computing)
chén diànto settle; to precipitate (solid sediment out of a solution)
chén jìngpeaceful; quiet; calm; gentle
chén jiùold-fashioned
chén mènoppressive (of weather); heavy; depressed; not happy
chén shùan assertion; to declare; to state
chén tònggrief; remorse; deep in sorrow; bitter (anguish); profound (condolences)
chén zhuósteady; calm and collected; not nervous
chèn xīnsatisfactory; agreeable
chēng hàoname; term of address; title
chéng bànto punish (someone); to take disciplinary action against (someone)
chéng bànto undertake; to accept a contract
chéng penalty; punishment; to punish
chéng to seize the chance; opportunistic
chéng jiāoto complete a contract; to reach a deal
chéng pǐnfinished goods; a finished product
chéng qīngclear (of liquid); limpid; to clarify; to make sth clear; to be clear (about the facts)
chéng rénadult
chéng shòuto bear; to support; to inherit
chéng tàoforming a complete set; complementing one another
chéng yuánattendant on an airplane, train, boat etc
chéng xiànto appear; to emerge; present (a certain appearance); demonstrate
chéng xiàoeffect; result
chéng xīnintentional; deliberate; on purpose
chéng xīn chéng earnestly and sincerely (idiom); with all sincerity
chéng sincerity; good faith
chéng zhèntown; cities and towns
chéng zhìsincere; cordial
chí huǎnslow; sluggish
chí tángpool; pond
chí to continue; to persist; sustainable; preservation
chí to hesitate
齿chǐ lún(machine) gear; pinion (gear wheel)
chì (financial) deficit; red letter
chōng dāngto serve as; to act as; to play the role of
chōng fēngto charge; to assault; assault
chōng pèiabundant; plentiful; vigorous
chōng breakthrough; to overcome an obstacle quickly
chóng bàito worship; adoration
chóng jìngto revere; high esteem
chóng shēnto reaffirm; to reiterate
chōu kòngto find the time to do sth
chōu tidrawer
chóu bèipreparations; to get ready for sth
chóu chúto hesitate
chóu jiànto prepare to build sth
chóu dense
chóu zisilk fabric; silk; CL:
chǒu èugly; repulsive
chū chāito go on an official or business trip
chū chǎnoutput
chū dòngto start out on a trip; to dispatch troops
chū diǎnstarting point; the outset
访chū fǎngto travel on business; to visit (a foreign country); same as 外出访问
chū jìngto leave a country or region; emigration; outbound (tourism)
chū miànact in a (official or personal) capacity
chū míngwell-known for sth; to become well known; to make one's mark
chū pǐnto produce an item; output; items that are produced
chū to go out and come in; entrance and exit; expenditure and income; discrepancy; inconsistent
chū remarkable; outstanding
chū shénentranced; Trance (music genre)
chū shìto enter the world (i.e. to be born); to be reborn (in Christianity)
chū shòuto sell; to offer for sale; to put on the market
chú zhī wàiapart from this; in addition to this
chú shīcook; chef
chú wàito exclude; not including sth (when counting or listing); except for
chú (New Year's) Eve
chǔ bèireserves; to store up
chǔ cángstore; deposit; (oil, mineral etc) deposits
chǔ cúnstockpile; to store; to stockpile; storage
chǔ to penalize; to punish
chǔ fāngmedical prescription; recipe; formula
chǔ jìngplight; unfavorable situation
chǔ juéto execute (a condemned criminal)
chǔ to deposit money; to save; savings
chǔ zhìto handle; to take care of; to punish
chù fànoffend
chuān liú the stream flows without stopping (idiom); unending flow
chuán shipping; boats
chuán dānleaflet; flier; pamphlet
chuán to transmit; to pass on to sb else
chuán shòuto impart; to pass on; to teach
chuán sòngto convey; to deliver
chuán zhēnfax; facsimile
chuán zhīship; boat; vessel
chuáng bed
chuáng wèibed (in hospital, hotel, train etc); berth; bunk
chuàng bànto establish; to found; to launch
chuàng jiànto found; to establish
chuàng to begin an undertaking; to start a major task; to initiate; to venture; venture; entrepreneurship
chuī niúto brag; to chat (dialect)
chuī pěngto flatter; to laud sb's accomplishments; adulation
chuī shì yuáncook; kitchen worker
chūn gēngto plow a field in the spring
chún cuìpurely
àilove; devotion (to children); affection, esp. towards children
words and sentences
xiángkindly; benevolent (often of older person)
zhíto resign
hòuafter this; afterwards; hereafter
shínow; this moment
pǐnsubstandard products; defective; seconds
shùfrequency; number of times; ordinal number
sequence; order
cōng cōnghurriedly
cóng kàn laion the basis of..., according to...; depending on...
cóng róng calm; unruffled
cóng tóuanew; from the start
cóng wèinever
cóng xiǎofrom childhood; as a child
cóng zhōngfrom; therefrom
còu heto bring together; to make do in a bad situation; to just get by; to improvise; passable; not too bad
còu qiǎofortuitously; luckily; as chance has it
bàorough; cruel
liángcoarse grains (maize, sorghum etc)
crude; coarse; rough
thick and thin; coarse and fine; thickness (caliber); coarseness; quality of work
cuī cánto ravage; to ruin
绿cuì greenish-blue; emerald green
cuì ruòweak; frail
cún fàngto deposit; to leave in sb's care
cún kuǎnto save money in a bank; bank deposit
cuō shāngto consult; to discuss seriously; to negotiate; to confer; negotiations; consultations
pèito pair up; to match; to arrange in pairs; to add sth into a group
biànto reply (to an accusation); to defend one's dissertation
fato dispatch sb to do sth; to send sb away; to pass the time
lièto go hunting
bāo lǎnto take complete charge (idiom)
chénchancellor (of a monarchy); cabinet minister
duōfor the most part; many; most; the greater part; mostly
gōng the common good above everything without no regard for personal interests (idiom); to behave altruistically; impartial and selfless; just and fair
guō fànlit. big rice pan; communal feeding; fig. egalitarianism (equal treatment for everyone in same institution)
general situation; present conditions
mu zhǐthumb; Tom Thumb (small person in folk tales)
pàobig gun; cannon; artillery; one who talks big; trad. form 大炮 also used; CL:,
atmospheric pressure
shàlarge building; edifice; mansion; CL:
wantonly; without restraint (of enemy or malefactor); unbridled
in general; more or less; in rough terms; basically; on the whole
tóng xiǎo virtually the same; differing only on small points
wèiutterly fearless
yànwild goose; CL:
yǒu wéiwith great prospects for the future (idiom); well worth doing
greater than; bigger than
dǎi evil-doer; malefactor; gangster; hoodlum
dài gōngslow working; go-slow (as a form of strike); lazy strike
dài hàocode name
dài jìnenergetic; exciting; of interest
dài kuǎna loan; to provide a loan (e.g. bank); CL:
dài mànto slight; to neglect
dài shùalgebra
dài to await job assignment (term used only in mainland China)
dān bǎoto guarantee; to vouch for
dān yōuto worry; to be concerned
dān yuánunit; entrance number; staircase (for residential buildings)
dǎn liàngcourage; boldness; guts
dǎn qiètimid; cowardly
dǎn zicourage; nerve; guts
dàn chénbirthday
dàn off season; slow business season; (see also 旺季)
dàn shuǐpotable water (water with low salt content); fresh water; Tanshui town in Taipei county 台北县, Taiwan
dàn yàoammunition
dàn ziload; a carrying pole and the loads on it; CL:
dāng chǎngat the scene; on the spot
dāng authorities
dāng shì rénpersons involved or implicated; party (to an affair)
dāng xīnto take care; to look out
dāng xuǎnbe elected
dǎng xìngthe spirit or character of a political party
dǎng zhāngparty constitution
dǎng zhōng yāngparty central committee
dàng grade; class; quality; level
dàng tiānthat day; the same day
dāo laoto be chattersome; to talk on and on without stopping; to nag
dāo rènknife blade; crucial point
dǎo to go bankrupt; to close down
dǎo dànto cause trouble; to stir up trouble
dǎo hángnavigation
dǎo luànto disturb; to look for trouble; to stir up a row; to bother sb intentionally
dǎo conductor (of electricity or heat)
dǎo profiteer; wheeler dealer; tradesman who buys low and sell high
dǎo yóutour guide; guidebook; to conduct a tour
dào láiarrival; advent
dào niànto grieve
dào to fall due (loan etc); to expire (visa etc); to mature (investment bond etc)
dào qièto steal
退dào tuìto fall back; to go in reverse
dào zirice (crop); unhulled rice
cháng shī(saying) the gains do not make up for the losses
able; capable; competent; efficient
able to; so that sb can; enabling; in order to; finally in a position to; with sth in view
zuìto commit an offense; to violate the law; excuse me! (formal); see also 得罪
dēng to land; to come ashore; to make landfall (of typhoon etc); to log in
dēng pàolight bulb; see also 电灯泡; third-wheel or unwanted third party spoiling a couple's date (slang); CL:
děng degree; rate
low level; rudimentary; vulgar; low; inferior
lièinferior quality; substandard; low-grade
wēnlow temperature
duìhostile; enemy (factions); combative
què liángdacron
shìhostile; malevolence; antagonism; to view as enemy; to stand against
zibamboo flute; CL:
to arrive; to reach (a destination)
zhìto resist; to boycott; to refuse (to cooperate); to reject; resistance; refusal
guóempire; imperial
guó zhǔ imperialism
jiāoto present; to give; to hand over; to hand in; to lay before
jiéto conclude (an agreement)
tiěsubway; metro
zēngto increase by degrees; in increasing order; incremental; progressive
diān to shake; to jolt; to bump
diān dǎoto turn upside-down; to reverse; back-to-front; confused; deranged; crazy
diān to topple (i.e. knock over); to capsize; fig. to overturn (a regime, by plotting or subversion); to undermine; to subvert
diǎn huǒto ignite; to light a fire; to agitate; to start an engine; ignition; fig. to stir up trouble
diǎn míngroll call; to mention sb by name; (to call or praise or criticize sb) by name
diǎn ránto ignite; to set on fire; aflame
diǎn zispot; point; dot; speck; drop (of liquid); droplet; point (of argument); idea; crux; indication; pointer
diàn dòng electric motor
diàn fěnstarch; amylum C6H10O5
diàn electric circuit
diàn niǔpush button (electric switch)
diàn electric
diàn yuánshop assistant; salesclerk; salesperson
diàn yuánelectric power source
diāo a statue; a Buddhist image; sculpture; to carve
diào to dispatch (i.e. organize the distribution of vehicles); dispatcher
diào huànto exchange; to change places; to swap
dié zismall dish; CL:
dīng zhǔto warn repeatedly; to urge; to exhort again and again
dǐng diǎnsummit; peak
dǐng duānsummit; peak
dìng diǎnfixed point or location; point of reference; (math.) fixed point; to determine a location
dìng éfixed amount; quota
dìng gòuto order; to subscribe; subscriber
dìng huòto order goods; to place an order
dìng jiàto set a price; to fix a price
dìng to settle; to fix a place to live
dìng established theory; theorem (math.)
dìng liàngquantity; fixed amount; ration
dìng established law
dìng xiàngto determine the direction; directed (breeding, enrollment etc); orienteering (sport)
dìng xìngto determine the nature (usually of error or crime); to determine chemical composition; qualitative; fixed
dìng definition
dìng yuèsubscription
diū rénto lose face
diū shīto lose; lost
西dōng bēn zǒuto run this way and that (idiom); to rush about busily; to bustle about; to hopscotch; also 东跑西颠
dōng dào zhǔhost; official host (e.g. venue for games or a conference)
dōng guāwax gourd (Cucurbitaceae, Benincasa hispida); white gourd; white hairy melon; Chinese squash
dǒng shìboard member
dòng dàngunrest (social or political); turmoil; upheaval; commotion
dòng gōngto start (a building project)
dòng jiéto freeze (loan, wage, price etc)
dòng luànturmoil; upheaval; unrest
dòng màiartery
dòng tàidevelopment; trend; dynamic state; movement; moving
dòng yòngto utilize; to put sth to use
dòu zhìwill to fight; fighting spirit
to supervise and urge completion of a task; to urge on
shìcity; metropolis
hàipoisoning; bane; to poison (people's minds)
zhǔindependent and autonomous (idiom); self-determination; to act independently; to maintain control over one's own affairs
pǐndrugs; narcotics; poison
to gamble
to block; to stop; blockage
juéto put an end to
duǎn short in time; fleeting; brief
duǎn zànof short duration; brief; momentary
duàn dìngto conclude; to determine; to come to a judgment
duàn duàn intermittent; off and on; discontinuous; stop-go; stammering; disjointed; inarticulate
duàn juéto sever; to break off
duàn zisatin
duì ànopposite bank (of a body of water)
duì countermeasure for dealing with a situation
duì chènsymmetry; symmetrical
duì kàngto withstand; to resist; to stand off; antagonism; confrontation
duì liánrhyming couplet; pair of lines of verse written vertically down the sides of a doorway; CL:
duì shǒuopponent; adversary; match
duì tóucorrect; normal; to be on good terms with; on the right track; right
duì xiàn(of a cheque etc) to cash; to honor a commitment
duì yìngto correspond; a correspondence; corresponding; homologous; matching with sth; counterpart
duì zhàoto contrast; to compare; to place side by side for comparison (as parallel texts); to check
duó to force one's way; to achieve by force; to seize (power)
duǒ to hide; to evade; to dodge; to take shelter; to avoid (difficulties)
duǒ cángto hide oneself
duò luòto morally degenerate; to become depraved; a fall from grace; a fall into sin or depravity
é wàiextra; added; additional
é zimoth
è malicious
è xìngmalignant; wicked; vicious (circle); producing evil; rapid (decline); runaway (inflation)
ēn àiconjugal love
ēn qíngkindness; affection; grace; favor
ēn réna benefactor; a person who has significantly helped sb else
ér hòuafter that; then
ér that's all; nothing more
èr yǎng huà tàncarbon dioxide CO2
bìngonset; outbreak (of a disease)
to release; to issue; to announce; to distribute
cáito get rich
chóuto worry; to fret; to be anxious; to become sad
fèn qiángto make an effort to become strong (idiom); determined to do better; to pull one's socks up
huǒto catch fire; to ignite; to detonate; to get angry
piàoinvoice; receipt or bill for purchase
to originate; to initiate; to launch (an attack, an initiative etc); to start; to propose sth (for the first time)
to have a high temperature; feverish; unable to think calmly; to emit heat
shìto vow; to pledge; to swear
yáninflamed from infection or injury; inflammation
yáng guāng to advocate; to promote; to advertise; to carry out propaganda on behalf of; to carry forward; to bring to great height of development; to develop and promote
kuǎn(impose a) fine; penalty; fine (monetary)
dìnglegal; statutory; rightful
guāna judge; to judge
guīlegislation; statute
rénlegal person; corporation; see also 自然人
tíngcourt of law
西 fascist (loanword)
law; rule; code
fān chuánsailboat
fān qiétomato
fán duōmany and varied; of many different kinds
fán huáflourishing; bustling
fán mángbusy; bustling
fán nǎoagonize; agony; annoyance; upset; vexation; worries
fán traditional Chinese character
fán zàojittery; twitchy; fidgety
fán zhòngheavy; burdensome; heavy-duty; arduous; onerous
fǎn to retort; to refute
fǎn chángunusual; abnormal
fǎn dàobut on the contrary; but expectedly
fǎn gǎnto be disgusted with; to dislike; bad reaction; antipathy
fǎn mìngcounter-revolutionary
fǎn gōngto counter-attack; a counter-offensive
fǎn huíto return to; to come (or go) back
fǎn kuìto send back information; feedback
fǎn miànreverse side; backside; the other side (of a problem etc); negative; bad
fǎn shèto reflect; reflection (from a mirror etc); reflex (i.e. automatic reaction of organism)
fǎn to think back over sth; to review; to revisit; to rethink; reflection; reassessment
fǎn zhīon the other hand...; conversely...
fàn chóucategory
fàn to break the law
fàn húnconfused; mixed up; muddled up; befuddled
fàn màito sell; to peddle; to traffic
fàn wǎnrice bowl; fig. livelihood; job; way of making a living
fāng chéngmathematical equation
fáng dōnglandlord
fáng to defend; to protect
线fáng xiàndefensive line or perimeter; CL:
fáng xùnflood control; anti-flood (precautions)
fáng disease prevention; protection against epidemic
fáng rent for a room or house
fàng shèto radiate; radioactive
fēi chuánairship; spaceship
fēi illegal
fēi to flutter; to dance in the breeze
fēi xiángto fly
féi fertile
fěi bàngto slander; to libel
fěi gangster; bandit
fèi pǐnproduction rejects; seconds; scrap; discarded material
fèi exhaust gas; industrial waste gas; steam
fèi rubbish; waste material; useless person
fèi yánpneumonia; inflammation of the lungs
fēn biànto explain the facts; to defend against an accusation
fēn biànto distinguish; to differentiate; to resolve
fēn duìmilitary platoon or squad
fēn fāngperfume; fragrant
fēn hónga bonus; to award a bonus
fēn huàto split apart; differentiation
fēn lèiclassification
fēn denominator of a fraction
fēn to do sth in batches or groups
fēn by stages; staggered; step by step
fēn difference (of opinion, position); bifurcation
fēn qīngto distinguish (between different things); to make distinctions clear
fén sepulcher; tomb
fěn fine powder; dust
fèn hènto hate; hatred; to resent; embittered
fèn wàiexceptionally; not one's responsibility or job
fèn yǒngdauntless; to summon up courage and determination; using extreme force of will
fèn zhànto fight bravely
fēng bàostorm; violent commotion; fig. crisis (e.g. revolution, uprising, financial crisis etc)
fēng to seal; to close; to confine; to seal off; to close down; sealed; confined; closed; unreceptive
fēng elegance (for men); elegant demeanor; grace; poise
fēng guāngscene; view; sight; landscape; to be well-regarded; to be well-off; grand (topolect); impressive (topolect)
fēng làngwind and waves; stormy sea
fēng sharp (e.g. knife blade); incisive; to the point
fēng mǎnample; well developed; fully rounded; Fengman district of Jilin city 吉林市, Jilin province
fēng honey
fēng humor; wit; humorous; witty
fēng shāsand blown by wind; sandstorm
fēng shàngcurrent custom; current way of doing things
fēng wèilocal flavor; local style
fēng xiǎnrisk; hazard
fēng zimadman; lunatic
fèng huángphoenix; Fenghuang county in Xiangxi Tujia and Miao autonomous prefecture 湘西土家族苗族自治州
fèng xiànto consecrate; to dedicate; to devote
fèng xíngto pursue (a course, a policy)
fǒu juéveto
fǒu rènto declare to be untrue; to deny
a (married) couple; husband and wife; CL:
yǎnto elaborate (on a theme); to expound (the classics); perfunctory; to skimp; to botch; to do sth half-heartedly or just for show; barely enough to get by
diāorelief sculpture
dòngto float and drift; unstable
width; extent; range; scope
hàosymbol; mark; sign
(material) welfare; well-being
to be convinced; to accept
qigood fortune; to enjoy good fortune
zhuāngdress; clothing; costume; clothes; CL:
bàicorruption; corrupt; rotten
huàto rot; to decay; to become corrupt
lànto rot; to become gangrenous
yǎngto foster; to bring up; to raise
to nurture; to raise; to foster; to tend
zhùto assist; to aid; supplementary; auxiliary; subsidiary
ziaxe; hatchet; CL:
to recover one's power or authority; restoration (of a past regime)
chūto pay; to invest (energy or time in a friendship etc)
dàisupplementary; incidentally; in parentheses; by chance; in passing; additionally; secondary; subsidiary; to attach
gàito cover
complex; compound; hybrid; to be reunited
to parrot; to crib; to copy sb's action or words; to trail sb's footsteps; copy-cat
jiāadditional; annex
kuǎnpay; payment
qiángrich and powerful
shānginjury; wound; hurt; injured; wounded; to wound; to injure
shǔsubsidiary; auxiliary; attached; affiliated; subordinate; subordinating
xīngto revive; to rejuvenate; Fuxing district of Handan city 邯郸市, Hebei; Fuxing or Fuhsing township in Taoyuan county 桃园县, north Taiwan
sideline; part time business; hobby
to assign; to entrust (a task); to give; to bestow
yuin surplus
zuò yòngside effect
gǎi jiànto rebuild; to transform (a building); to refurbish
gǎi xié guī zhèng(saying) to give up evil and return to good
gǎi to reorganize; to reshuffle (posts etc)
gài kuànggeneral situation; summary
gān xīnto be willing to; to resign oneself to
gān yánhepatitis
gān to meddle; to intervene; intervention
gǎn huàcorrective influence; to reform (a criminal); redemption (of a sinner); to influence (a malefactor to a better life); to guide sb back to the right path by repeated word and example
gǎn kǎilament; with a tinge of emotion or regret
gǎn rǎninfection; to infect; to influence
线gàn xiànmain line; trunk line
gāng cáisteel (as raw material); steel sheets, bars, tubes, ingots, wire etc
gāng qínpiano; CL:,
gāng yàooutline; essential points
gàng gǎnlever; pry bar; crowbar; financial leverage
gāo chǎnhigh yielding
gāo chāoexcellent; superlative
gāo dàngsuperior quality; high grade; top grade
gāo height; altitude (aviation); pitch (music); ups and downs (success or failure); whether sth is right or wrong; comparative strength, weight, depth, stature; (spoken interjection) anyway, whatever; eventually, in the end
gāo guìgrandeur; noble
gāo kǎocollege entrance exam (abbr. for 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试); entrance exam for senior government service posts (Taiwan)
gāo kōnghigh altitude
gāo míngbrilliant; superior; tall and bright; Gaoming district of Foshan city 佛山市, Guangdong
gāo shāofever; high temperature
gāo wēnhigh temperature
gāo xuè high blood pressure; hypertension
gāo zhǎngupsurge; (tensions etc) run high
gǎo guǐto make mischief; to play tricks in secret
gǎo huóto enliven; to invigorate; to revitalize
稿gǎo jiànrough draft; material contributing to a final document
稿gǎo zhǐdraft paper
稿gǎo zidraft of a document; script; manuscript; mental plan; precedent
gào jièto warn; to admonish
gào zhuàngto complain; to sue; to bring a lawsuit; to lodge a complaint against sb with a manager
daswelling or lump on skin; pimple; knot; preoccupation; problem
xīngsinging star; famous singer
(idiom) inharmonious; incompatible
structure; pattern; layout
juéisolated (from the world); disconnected
to separate; to isolate
bèn qián chéngeach goes his own way (idiom); each person has his own life to lead
biédistinct; characteristic; in different ways; different
háng every trade; all professions; all walks of life
jièall walks of life; all social circles
gēn base of operations
gēn shēn deep-rooted (problem etc)
gēn suíto follow
gēn touto trip; to fall down; to tumble; a somersault; to fall head over heels
gēn zōngto follow sb's tracks; to tail; to shadow
gēng gǎialter
gēng huànto replace
gēng xīnto replace the old with new; to renew; to renovate; to upgrade; to update; to regenerate
gēng zhèngto correct; to make a correction
gēng zhòngto till; to cultivate
gōng bàoannouncement; bulletin; communique
gōng yìng qiúsupply does not meet demand
gōng chǐmeter
gōng daofair; equitable
gōng to major (in a field); to study a specialty to obtain a higher degree
gōng fēncentimeter; gram
gōng gàopost; announcement
gōng guānpublic relations
gōng guānto storm a strategic pass; fig. to tackle a key problem
gōng feat; contribution; merits and achievements
gōng jìngdeferential; respectful
gōng shūreference book (such as dictionary, almanac, gazetteer etc)
gōng píngfair; impartial
gōng ránopenly; publicly; undisguised
gōng rén jiē working class
gōng rènpublicly known (to be); accepted (as)
gōng shècommune
gōng shìdefensive structure; fortification; structure used to protect troops
gōng official business
gōng xiāosupply and marketing; distribution; supply and sales
gōng xiàoefficacy
gōng yǒupublicly owned; communal; held in common
gōng yǒu zhìpublic ownership
gōng yuēconvention (i.e. international agreement)
gōng zhàigovernment bond
gōng zhèngnotarization; notarized; acknowledgement
gòng chǎn zhǔ communism
gòng to sum up to; to total
gòng míngresonance (physics); sympathetic response to sth
gòng xìngoverall character
gōu tōngto join; to connect; to link up; to communicate
gòu to design; to plot; to plan out; to compose; to draw a mental sketch; conception; plan; idea; composition
gòu xiǎngconceive
dānlone; lonely; loneliness
lonely; solitary
qiětemporarily; the time being; for the moment; provisional; tentatively
chuīto agitate for; to enthusiastically promote
dōngshareholder; stockholder
fèna share (in a company); stock
guàieccentric; grotesque; oddly; queer
piàoshare; stock (market)
rénpeople from ancient times; the ancients; the late (i.e. person who has passed away)
ròublood relation; kin; one's flesh and blood
wénold language; the Classics; classical Chinese as a literary model, esp. in Tang and Song prose; classical Chinese as a school subject
bu deunable to change sth; unable to deal with
gōngPalace Museum; the Forbidden City; former imperial palace
misgivings; apprehensions
quán to take the big picture into consideration (idiom); to work for the benefits of all
yōngto employ; to hire
yǒuintrinsic to sth; inherent; native
zhàngmalfunction; breakdown; defect; shortcoming; fault; failure; impediment; error; bug (in software)
zhípersistent; stubborn
guā fēnto partition; to divide up
guà gōuhook (on which to hang sth); to couple; to link together; to establish contact with; hook; coupling links (e.g. between two railway coaches)
guà niànconcerned
guān to close; to shut
guān fāngofficial; (by the) government
guān guāngto tour; sightseeing; tourism
guān jié yánarthritis
guān liáoofficial; bureaucrat; government employee who doesn't do any work
guān qièbe deeply concerned; be troubled (by)
guān shǎngto see and enjoy; to admire the view
guān yuánofficial (in an organization or government); administrator
guǎn xiáto administer; to have jurisdiction (over)
guàn convention; usual practice
guàn bush; shrub
guàn yòng commonly used phrase; idiom; colloquial usage
guāng liàngbright
guāng mángrays of light; brilliant rays; radiance
guī fànnorm; standard; specification; regulation; rule; within the rules; to fix rules; to regulate; to specify
guī standard; norm; specification
guī gēn dào (saying) to sum it up...
guī huánto return sth; to revert
guī jiéto sum up; to conclude; in a nutshell; the end (of a story)
guī to sum up; to summarize; to conclude from facts; induction (method of deduction in logic)
guī zhāngrule; regulation
guǐ zidevils; refers to 日本鬼子, wartime term insult for Japanese
guì guānlaurel; victory garland (in Greek and western culture)
guì zhòngprecious
guì lord; nobility; nobleman; noblewoman; aristocrat; aristocracy
gǔn dòngto roll; lap (of a race); to roll over (e.g. investment); rolling; consecutive; rumble (of thunder)
guó chǎnmade in one's own country; made in China
guó national law
guó huìparliament; Congress; diet
guó international law
guó zhǔ internationalism
guó quàntreasury bond
guó a nation's power
guó mínnational
guó qíngcurrent state of a country; national conditions; (US) State of the Union
guó country's territory; national land
guó yǒunationalized; public; government owned; state-owned
guǒ duànfirm; decisive
guò excessive; over-; excess; going too far; extravagant; intemperate; overdue
guò hòu(Taiwan) after the event
guò to filter; filter
guò shīdefect; fault
guò wènto show an interest in; to get involved with
guò too much; excessively
hǎi àncoastal; seacoast
hǎi bīnshore; seaside
hǎi gǎngseaport; harbor
hǎi wàioverseas; abroad
hài xiūblush; shy
hán shòuto teach by correspondence
hán xuānexchanging conventional greetings; to talk about the weather
hán meaning (implicit in a phrase); implied meaning; hidden meaning; hint; connotation
hán yǒuto contain; including
hǎn jiànrare; rarely seen
hàn jiāntraitor (to China)
hàn wèidefend; uphold; safeguard
hàn xuéstudies of classical Chinese back to the Han; Chinese studies (in foreign schools)
hàn zāidrought
háng bānscheduled flight; flight number; plane; scheduled sailing; sailing number; passenger ship
háng dàowaterway; ship channel
háng hǎisailing; navigation; voyage by sea
háng tiānspace flight
线háng xiànair or shipping route
háng yùnshipping; transport
háo huáluxurious
hǎo duōmany; quite a lot; much better
hǎo gǎngood opinion; favorable impression
hǎo huàigood and bad; advantageous and disadvantageous
hǎo shuōyou're too kind (humble); with pleasure! (indicating agreement); easy to handle
hǎo yàng de(idiom) a good person, used to praise sb's moral integrity or courage
hǎo zàiluckily; fortunately
hǎo zhuǎnto improve; to take a turn for the better; improvement
hào chēngto have a reputation as; known as; de facto; to claim to be (often exaggeratedly or falsely)
hào fèito waste; to spend; to consume; to squander
hào hospitality; to treat guests well; to enjoy having guests; hospitable; friendly
ǎikindly; nice; amiable
bìngto merge; to annex; o annex
dàoriver way; course of a river
děngwhat kind?; how, what; somewhat
to accord with; conforming to
huǒto act jointly; to form a partnership
jiěto settle (a dispute out of court); to reconcile; settlement; conciliation; to become reconciled
miáoseedling (of rice or other grain); CL:
peaceful relations; harmonious
píng gòng chǔpeaceful coexistence of nations, societies etc
qifriendly; polite; amiable
qíng reasonable and fair (idiom)
shangBuddhist monk
taowalnut; CL:,
nuclear weapon
xiéharmonious; harmony
xīncore; nucleus
yíngto operate jointly; a joint venture; cooperative
yuēpeace treaty
joint venture
message of congratulation
hēi báiblack and white; right and wrong; monochrome
hěn vicious; malicious; savage
hěn xīncallous; heartless
héng xīng(fixed) star
héng xíngto go on the rampage; to riot; to run amuck
hōng dòngsensation; stir
hōng hōng liè lièstrong; vigorous; large-scale
hōng zhàto bomb; to bombard; CL:
hóng great; grand; massive
hóng lǐng jīnred neckscarf; by extension, a member of the Young Pioneers
hòu to wait to fill a vacancy; a reserve candidate
hòu thickness
hòu late stage; later period
hòu qínlogistics
hòu táibackstage; the area behind a theatrical stage; backstage supporter
hòu xuǎn réncandidate; CL:
lüèto neglect; to overlook; to ignore
shēnga shout; fig. opinion or demand, esp. expressed by a group
xiàoto whistle; to scream; to whiz
to call on (sb to do sth); to appeal (to); an appeal
láito act arbitrarily regardless of the rules; to mess with sth; to make a hash of things; to cause trouble
lifox; fig. sly and treacherous person
lucalabash or bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria); hoist; generic term for block and tackle (or parts thereof); muddled
kǒupopulation (counted as number of households for census or taxation); registered residence
mutually beneficial
huā fèiexpense; cost; to spend (time or money); expenditure
huā variety; design and color; suit (cards)
huā wéndecorative design
huā yàngpattern; type; trick
huá gorgeous
huà féifertilizer
huà fēnto divide
huà miànscene; tableau; picture; image; screen (displayed by a computer); (motion picture) frame; field of view
huà subject (of a talk or conversation); topic
huà xiānsynthetic fiber
huà zhuāngto put on make-up
huái shùlocust tree (Sophora japonica)
怀huái yùnpregnant; to have conceived; gestation; pregnancy
huān xiàoto laugh happily; a belly-laugh
huán jiéround segment; segment (of annelid worms); connection; link; sector; annular ring
huán yuánto restore to the original state; reduction (chemistry)
huàn give sth and get sth in return
huàn zhěpatient; sufferer
huāng wasteland; uncultivated land
huāng liángdesolate
huāng luànfrenetic; hurried
huāng miùabsurd; ridiculous
huāng tángbeyond belief; preposterous; absurd; intemperate; dissipated
huāng zhāngconfused; flustered
huáng chónglocust
huáng hòuempress; imperial consort
huáng jīngold
huī huòto squander money; extravagant; prodigal; free and easy; agile
huí to shun; to avoid (sb); to skirt; to evade (an issue); to step back; to withdraw; to recuse (a judge etc)
huí to look back; to review
huí to fight back; to return fire; to counterattack
huí shōuto recycle; to reclaim; to retrieve; to recover
huǐ gǎirepent; repentance
huǐ hènremorse; repentance
huǐ huàito damage; to devastate; to vandalize; damage; destruction
huǐ mièperish; ruin; destroy
huì to collect; to compile; to converge
贿huì to bribe; a bribe
huì exchange rate
huì tóngto handle sth jointly; Huitong county in Huaihua 怀化, Hunan
huì to meet; meeting; conference
huì yuánmember
hùn fǎngmixed fabric; blended fabric
hùn mixture
hùn zhuóturbid; muddy; dirty
huó energy; vitality; vigor; vital force
huǒ shānvolcanic; volcano
huǒ zāifire (that burns buildings etc)
huò hàidisaster; harm; scourge; bad person; to damage; to harm; to wreck
huò to gain; to get; to acquire
huò shìor; either one or the other
huò perhaps; maybe
chēlocomotive; train engine car; scooter (Taiwan); hard to get along with (Taiwan slang)
jiàoChristianity; Christian
to arouse; to excite
to encourage; to urge; motivation; incentive
secret; classified (information)
qiāngmachine gun
qíngpassion; fervor; enthusiasm; strong emotion
organism; human body
xiàoto sneer
to overstock; backlog; accumulation of neglected work; arrears of work
opportunity; favorable circumstance; stroke of luck
zhìquick-witted; tact; witty; resourceful
便 biàneven if; even though; right away; immediately
to be jealous; to envy; to hate
guànone's native place; place of ancestry; registered birthplace
huìgather; assembly; meeting; CL:,
rapid; sudden
to make a supreme effort; at all costs
chējeep, GP (general purpose); military vehicle originally made in USA
qièeager; impatient
shìmarket; bazaar; fair
xiànlimit; extreme boundary
xiánglucky; auspicious; propitious
to urgently need; urgent need
yóustamp collecting; philately
anxious; impatient
zǎoat the earliest possible time; as soon as possible
to raise money; to accumulate funds
geometry; how much
liangbackbone; spine
quarter (finance, publishing, schools etc); season (sports); period of three months
haonotation; seal
jiàoto bother about; to haggle; to bicker; to argue; plan; stratagem
tuōto have sb look after sb; to entrust the care of sb; to place (hope etc) on
xiàngmark; indication; sign; indicator
yàominutes; written summary of a meeting
memory (power)
jiā bānto work overtime
jiā chángthe daily life of a family
jiā chùdomestic animal; livestock; cattle
jiā to become more urgent; more rapid; urgent; to handle a matter urgently
jiā jiǎngto award; commendation; citation
jiā to intensify; to sharpen; to accelerate; to aggravate; to exacerbate; to embitter
jiā heating
jiā shēnto deepen
jiā household duties; housework
jiā xiǎounderstood by everyone (idiom); well known; a household name
jiā to mix together (disparate substances); to mingle; a mix; to be tangled up with
jiā zhǎnghead of a household; family head; patriarch; parent or guardian of a child
jiā zhòngto make more serious
jiǎ bǎndeck (of a boat etc)
jiǎ dìngto assume; to suppose; supposed; so-called; assumption; hypothesis
jiǎ màoto impersonate; to pose as (someone else); to counterfeit; to palm off (a fake as a genuine)
jiǎ shèsuppose that...; hypothesis; conjecture
jiǎ zhuāngto feign; to pretend
jiān bǎngshoulder
jiān cháto supervise; to control
jiān duānsharp pointed end; the tip; the cusp; tip-top; most advanced and sophisticated; highest peak; the best
jiān rènto hold several jobs at once; concurrent post; working part-time
jiān rèntough and durable; tenacious
jiān shífirm and substantial; solid
jiān xiǎndifficult and dangerous; hardships and perils
jiān xìnto believe firmly; without any doubt
jiān zhēn faithful and unchanging (idiom); steadfast
jiǎn cǎito cut the ribbon (at a launching or opening ceremony)
jiǎn to detect; to test; detection; sensing
jiǎn cháto inspect; check up (on)
jiǎn chǎnto lose output; a drop in crop yield; reduction in production
jiǎn chēngabbreviation; short form
jiǎn dāoscissors; CL:
jiǎn to lower; to reduce
jiǎn duǎnbrief; short-duration
jiǎn huàsimplify
jiǎn to report (an offense to the authorities); to inform against sb
jiǎn lòusimple and crude (of a room or building)
jiǎn míngsimple and clear; concise
jiǎn ruòto weaken; to fall off
jiǎn simplified Chinese character, as opposed to traditional Chinese character 繁体字
jiǎn xiūto overhaul; to examine and fix (a motor); to service (a vehicle)
jiǎn yàoconcise; brief
jiǎn simple and easy; simplistic; simplicity
jiàn biéto differentiate; to distinguish
jiàn compartment; gap; interval; to divide
jiàn jiāoto establish diplomatic relations
jiàn jiēindirect
jiàn měihealthy and beautiful
jiàn pánkeyboard
jiàn shiknowledge and experience; to increase one's knowledge
jiàn to trample
jiàn xiàoto have the desired effect
jiàn in view of; seeing that; considering; whereas
jiàn zhuàngrobust; healthy; sturdy
jiāng jìnalmost; nearly; close to
jiǎng jiěto explain
jiǎng to reason with sb; to discuss the merits of an argument
jiǎng pǐnaward; prize
jiǎng shùto talk about; to narrate; to give an account
jiǎng yǎnto lecture; to speak publicly
jiǎng zhuàngcertificate (of prize, degree, diploma etc)
jiàng jiàprice reduction
jiàng línto descend to
jiàng luòto descend; to land
jiāo chāto cross; to intersect
jiāo cuòto crisscross; to intertwine
jiāo diǎnmeeting point; point of intersection
jiāo diǎnfocus; focal point
jiāo to hand over; to deliver
jiāo guànto water; to irrigate
jiāo piàn(photographic) film
jiāo delicate; squeamish; finicky
jiāo shèto negotiate; relating to
jiāo shǒuto fight hand to hand
jiāo tàncoke (processed coal used in blast furnace)
jiāo to replace; alternately; in turn
jiāo wǎngto associate; to contact; association; contact
jiǎo bànto stir; to agitate
jiǎo to pay (taxes etc)
轿jiào chēenclosed carriage for carrying passengers; motor carriage; car or bus; limousine; CL:,
jiào hǎnexclamation; outcry; shout; yell
jiào huanto cry out; to bark out a sound
jiào huìChristian church
jiào liàngto have a contest with sb; to cross swords; to measure up against; to compete with; to haggle; to quibble
jiào rǎngto shout; to bellow one's grievances
jiào suōto conspire with; to abet; to urge on a criminal act; to foment
jiào tiáocreed; doctrine; religious dogma
jiào yǎngto train; to educate; to bring up; to nurture; education; culture; upbringing; early conditioning
jiē bānto work one's shift; to succeed to a position; to take over a job (on the next shift); to relieve sb as successor
jiē èr lián sānone after another (idiom); in quick succession
jiē to expose; to bring to light; to disclose; revelation
jiē qiàto discuss a matter with sb; to get in touch with; to arrange
jiē shìto show; to make known
jiē shōureception (of transmitted signal); to receive; to accept; to admit; to take over (e.g. a factory); to expropriate
jiē tóustreet
jié chíto kidnap; to hijack; to abduct; to hold under duress
jié chūoutstanding; distinguished; remarkable; prominent; illustrious
jié jīngcrystallization; crystalline; crystal
jié conclusion; ending
jié néngto save energy; energy-saving
jié suànto settle a bill; to close an account
jié to finish school, esp. a short course; to complete a course
jié to practice birth control
jié zhǐto close; to stop; to put a stop to sth; cut-off point; stopping point; deadline
jié zòurhythm; tempo; musical pulse; cadence; beat
jié zuòmasterpiece
jiě chúto remove; to sack; to get rid of; to relieve (sb of their duties); to free; to lift (an embargo); to rescind (an agreement)
jiě to fire; to sack; to dismiss
jiě sàndissolve; disband
jiè jiànto use other people's experience; to borrow from a source; to use as reference
jiè xiànboundary; marginal
jiè yánto impose martial law; to impose curfew; martial law; curfew; emergency measures
jiè zhùto draw support from; with the help of
jīn ésum of money; monetary value
jīn huánggolden yellow; golden
jīn jīn yǒu wèiwith keen interest pleasure (idiom); with gusto; to relish; eagerly; with great interest
jīn páigold medal; CL:
jīn qiánmoney; currency
jīn róngbanking; finance; financial
jīn tiēallowance
jǐn kuàias quickly as possible; as soon as possible; with all speed
jǐn pressing; urgent
jǐn suōto reduce; to tighten; to cut back (budget etc); recession
jǐn xiùbeautiful
jìn chéngprocess; course
jìn érand then (what follows next)
jìn niánrecent year(s)
jìn near in time; in the near future; very soon; recent
jìn restricted area; forbidden region
jìn to forge ahead; to go forward
jìn shēngto promote to a higher position
jìn similar; about the same as; approximately; approximation
jìn tóuenthusiasm; zeal; vigor; strength
jìn zhǎnto make headway; to make progress
jīng suàn(saying) meticulous planning and careful accounting
jīng diǎnthe classics; scriptures; classical
jīng huábest feature; most important part of an object; quintessence; essence; soul
jīng huāngpanic
jīng jiǎnto simplify; to reduce
jīng jīng cautious and conscientious
jīng měidelicate; fine; refinement
jīng accuracy; exact; precise; refined
jīng quèaccurate; precise
jīng shāngto trade; to carry out commercial activities; in business
jīng shòuto undergo (hardship); to endure; to withstand
jīng tōngproficient
jīng xiāoto sell; to sell on commission; to distribute
jīng xīnwith utmost care; fine; meticulous; detailed
jīng qiú jīngto perfect sth that is already outstanding (idiom); constantly improving
jǐng jièto warn; to be alert for
jǐng wèi(security) guard
jìng circumstances
jìng ér yuǎn zhīto show respect from a distance (idiom); to remain at a respectful distance
jìng huàpurify
jìng jièboundary; state; realm
jìng qiāo qiāoextremely quiet
jìng tóucamera shot (in a movie etc); scene
jìng xuǎnto take part in an election; to run for office
jiū fēna dispute; entanglement (law)
jiǔ huìdrinking party; wine reception
jiǔ jīngalcohol; ethanol CH3CH2OH; ethyl alcohol; also written 乙醇; grain alcohol
jiù cānto dine
jiù locally; on the spot
jiù emergency relief; to help the needy with cash or goods
jiù jìnnearby; in a close neighborhood
jiù suàngranted that; even if
jiù looking for employment; getting a job; to start a career
jiù zāito relieve disaster; to help disaster victims
jiù zhíto take office; to assume a post
gōngto bow
liúto detain (a prisoner); to keep sb in custody
shìroom; apartment
shùto restrict; to restrain; constrained; awkward; ill at ease; uncomfortable; reticent
shìsituation; state (of affairs)
xiànto limit; to confine; to restrict sth within set boundaries; limit
dòngact; action; activity; move; movement
shì wén míng(saying) world famous
shì zhǔ to receive worldwide attention
běnscript for play, opera, movie etc; screenplay
diǎnstronghold; defended military base; base for operations; strategic point; foothold; (market) presence
huìparty; gathering; to meet; to get together
tuántheatrical troupe
according to reports; it is reported (that)
juān kuǎnto donate money; to contribute funds; donation; contribution (of money)
juān xiànto donate; to contribute; donation; contribution
juān zèngto contribute (as a gift); to donate; benefaction
jué not at all; simply (can) not
jué strategic decision; decision-making; policy decision; to determine policy
jué cháto sense; to perceive; to come to realize; to be aware
jué sàifinals (of a competition)
jué suànfinal account; to calculate the final bill; fig. to draw up plans to deal with sth
jué wàngdesperation; forlorn; hopeless
jué xǐngto awaken; to come to realize; awakened to the truth; the truth dawns upon one; scales fall from the eyes; to become aware
jué yuánto isolate; to prevent contact; to deny access; electric insulation
jué zhàndecisive battle
jūn military clique; junta; warlord
jūn military doctor
jūn yòng(for) military use; military application
jūn zhuāngmilitary uniform
kāi cǎito extract (ore or other resource from a mine); to exploit; to mine
kāi dāoto perform or have an operation; to operate on or to be operated on
kāi gōngto begin work (of a factory or engineering operation); to start a construction job
kāi guānpower switch; to open a gate
kāi huàcivilized; to have laws and culture; to civilize; the process of becoming civilized
kāi kěnto clear a wild area for cultivation; to put under the plow
kāi kuòwide; open (spaces); to open up
kāi lǎngspacious and well-lit; open and clear; to open out (onto a wider vista); optimistic; cheerful; carefree; easy-going; open-minded
kāi tiān to split heaven and earth apart (idiom); refers to the Pangu 盘古 creation myth
kāi tóubeginning
kāi tuòto break new ground (for agriculture); to open up (a new seam); to develop (border regions); fig. to open up (new horizons)
kāi xīnto feel happy; to rejoice; to have a great time; to make fun of sb
kāi zhīexpenditures; pay; expenses; CL:
kǎi xuánreturn triumphant
kān dēngto carry a story; to publish (in a newspaper or magazine)
kān tànexploration
kàn dàito look upon; to regard
kàn wàngto visit; to pay a call to
kàn zuòlook upon as; regard as
kāng kǎivehement; fervent; generous; giving; liberal
kàng hàndrought-resistant; to weather a drought
kàng resist (a military attack)
kàng zhànwar of resistance, especially the war against Japan (1937-1945)
kǎo archaeology
kǎo to examine; to check up on; to assess; to review; appraisal; review; evaluation
kǎo to pass an entrance exam; to be admitted to
kernel; granule; granulated (sugar, chemical product)
lit. you can sing or you can cry (idiom); fig. deeply moving; happy and sad; inspiring and tragic
guānconsiderable; impressive; significant
guìto be treasured; praiseworthy
kǒutasty; to taste good
repulsive; vile; hateful; abominable
making one happy; gratifying; heartening
xiǎng ér zhīit is obvious that...; as one can well imagine...
chēcoach; bus; passenger train
shíclass; period
task; problem; issue
kěn qièearnest; sincere
kěn qiúto beg; to beseech; to entreat; entreaty
kōng dòngcavity; empty; vacuous
kōng huàempty talk; bunk; malicious gossip
kōng tiáoair conditioning
kōng xiǎngdaydream; fantasy; to fantasize
kōng xīnhollow; empty headed; mindless
kōng hollow; emptiness; meaningless
kǒng fear; dread; phobia
kǒng quèpeacock
kòng báiblank space
kòng to accuse; to denounce; to make a complaint against; denunciation
kòng crack; gap between two objects; gap in time between two events
kǒu àna port for external trade; a trading or transit post on border between countries
kǒu qiāngoral cavity
zàodry and dull; uninteresting; dry-as-dust
nǎovexed; distressed
cúnproperty or cash held in reserve; stock
fánga place for storage; storeroom; warehouse
kuā jiǎngto praise; to applaud; to compliment
kuài accountant; accountancy; accounting
kuài fast; high-speed; rapid
kuān changspacious; wide
kuān spacious; wide; lenient
广kuān guǎngwide; broad; extensive; vast
kuáng wàngegotistical; arrogant; brassy
kuàng cángmineral resources
kuàng chǎnminerals
kuàng gōngto skip work; absence without leave
kuàng jǐnga mine; a mine shaft
kuàng to play truant; to cut classes
kuàng mining site; mining area
kuàng shānmine
kuàng mineral
kuī dàito treat sb unfairly
kuī sǔndeficit; (financial) loss
kuí huāsunflower
kùn deprivation; distressed; miserable
kuò chōngto expand
kuò jiànto extend a building
kuò sànto spread; to proliferate; to diffuse; spread; proliferation; diffusion
kuò zhǎnto extend; to expand; extension; expansion
kuò zhāngexpansion; dilation; to expand (e.g. one's power or influence); to broaden
yuètwelfth lunar month
访lái fǎngpay a visit
lái huí lái repeatedly; back and forth again and again
lái kànto come and see; to see a topic from a certain point of view
lái history; antecedents; origin
lái línto approach; to come closer
lái niánnext year; the coming year
lái shuōconcerning, about
lán gānrailing; banister
lán huācymbidium; orchid
lǎn duòidle; lazy
láng bèiin a difficult situation; to cut a sorry figure; scoundrel! (derogatory)
làng cháowave; tides
làng mànromantic
láo dòng labor force; manpower
láo fángjail cell; prison cell
láo to keep in mind; to remember
lǎo chéngmature; experienced; sophisticated
lǎo hànold man; I (an old man referring to himself)
lǎo huàto age (of person or object); becoming old
lǎo jiānative place; place of origin; home state or region
lǎo shǔrat; mouse; CL:
lǎo tài old woman (at times contemptuous)
lǎo tiān God; Heavens
lǎo ye(respectful) lord; master; (informal) maternal grandfather
lǎo bèiprevious generation; older generation
delight; pleasure; joy
to be willing to do sth; to be ready to do sth; to be happy to do sth; content; satisfied
léi radar (loanword)
léi thunderstorm
lěng dàncold; indifferent
bafence (esp. of bamboo or wood railings)
biéto leave (on a long journey); to part from sb
xiūto retire; to leave work and rest (euphemism for compulsory retirement of old cadres)
cǎito heed; to pay attention to
huìto understand; to pay attention to; to take notice of
pǐngift; present
shìmember of council
suǒ dāng ránas it should be by rights (idiom); proper and to be expected as a matter of course; inevitable and right
zhí zhuàngin the right and self-confident (idiom); bold and confident with justice on one's side; to have the courage of one's convictions; just and forceful
pros and cons; merits and drawbacks; advantages and disadvantages
dàisuccessive generations; successive dynasties; past dynasties
fāng cubic meter (unit of volume)
haidifficult to deal with; difficult to endure; ferocious; radical; serious; terrible; violent; tremendous; awesome
jiāo qiáooverpass; flyover
láialways; throughout (a period of time); (of) all-time
qīngasphalt; bituminous
three-dimensional; solid; stereoscopic
try hard to; strive to
wài(make an) exception
interest (on a loan); CL:
zhīlitchi or lychee fruit (Litchi chinensis Sonn.)
lián bāngfederal; federation; commonwealth; federal union; federal state; union
lián dàiboth... and...; at the same time
lián dāosickle; curved blade to cut grain
lián duìcompany (of troops)
lián gǔn dài rolling and crawling; trying frantically to escape (idiom)
lián jiàcheaply-priced
lián jiéhonest; not coercive; honesty; integrity; incorruptible
lián liánrepeatedly; again and again
lián miáncontinuous; unbroken; uninterrupted; extending forever into the distance (of mountain range, river etc)
lián niánsuccessive years; over many years
lián tóngtogether with; along with
lián xiǎngto associate (cognitively); to make an associative connection; mental association; word prediction and auto-complete functions of input method editing programs; abbr. for 联想集团
lián serialized drama; dramatic series; show in parts
lián the same night; that very night; before this night is out
lián zhènghonest or clean politics
lián lotus seed
liǎn pénwashbowl; basin for washing hands and face; CL:
liàn bīngto drill troops; army training
liàn zichain
liáng piàocoupons for food or grain used in a PRC economic program c. 1955-1993
liáng zhǒngimproved type; good breed; pedigree
liǎng the two poles; the north and south poles; both ends of sth; electric or magnetic poles
liǎng kǒu zihusband and wife
liǎng shǒudouble tactics; twin strategies
liàng guānglight; beam of light; gleam of light; light reflected from an object
liáo cǎocareless; slovenly; illegible (of handwriting)
liáo kuòvast; extensive
liáo xiàohealing efficacy; healing effect
liáo yǎngto get well; to heal; to recuperate; to convalesce; convalescence; to nurse
liè huǒraging inferno; blaze
liè a list; to list; to enumerate
liè included (on a roster); incorporated (into the agenda)
liè to attend a meeting as a nonvoting delegate
lín chǎngforestry station; forest management area
lín chuángclinical
lín guóbordering country; neighbor country; neighboring countries; surrounding countries
lín jìnclose to; approaching
lín region of forest
lín forest industry; forestry
líng chénvery early in the morning; in the wee hours
líng clever; witty; intelligent
líng lóngonomat. clink of jewels; exquisite; detailed and fine; clever; nimble
líng mǐnsmart; clever; sensitive; keen; quick; sharp
líng qiǎohandy
líng shòuretail
líng suìscattered and fragmentary; scraps; odds and ends
líng xīngfragmentary; random; bits and pieces; sporadic
lǐng shìconsul
lǐng xiānto lead; to be in front
lǐng zishirt collar
liú kòuroving bandit; rebel band
liú làngto drift about; to wander; to roam; nomadic; homeless; unsettled (e.g. population); vagrant
liú liànreluctant to leave; to hate to have to go; to recall fondly
liú to express; to reveal (one's thoughts or feelings)
liú shénto take care; to be careful
liú suānsulfuric acid H2SO4; sulfate
liú tōngto circulate; to distribute; circulation; distribution
liú xīnto be careful; to pay attention to
liú to take care; mindful
lóng tóufaucet; water tap; bicycle handle bar; chief (esp. of gang); boss; decision maker; (market) leader (of companies); front end of mud-flow; figurehead on prow of dragon boat 龙船
lóng zhònggrand; prosperous; ceremonious; solemn
lòu shuìtax evasion
chéngroute; path traveled; distance traveled; course (of development)
to recruit; to enroll
yòngto hire (employee)
zimethod; way; approach
repeatedly; time and again
diàninn; small hotel
xíngto fulfill (one's obligations); to carry out (a task); to implement (an agreement); to perform
yóu tourism industry
绿 huàto make green with plants; to reforest
lüè wēia little bit; slightly
luàn zāoeverything in disorder (idiom); in a hideous mess; at sixes and sevens
lùn diǎnargument; line of reasoning; thesis; point (of discussion)
lùn shùtreatise; discourse; exposition
lùn zhèngto prove a point; proof; to expound on; demonstrate or prove (through argument)
luó kuāngwickerwork basket
luó lièto spread out
luó dīngscrew
luó zimule; CL:,
luò chéngto complete a construction project
luò to fall to the ground; to be set on the ground; to reach to the ground; to be born; (of a plane) to land
luò shípractical; workable; to implement; to carry out; to decide
luò xuǎnto fail to be chosen (or elected); to lose an election
paralysis; palsy; numbness; to benumb
dàiburlap (jute fiber)
numb; insensitive; apathetic
quèsparrow; mahjong
zuìanesthesia; fig. to poison (sb's mind)
chēcart; chariot; carriage; buggy
líng shǔpotato
mái to engulf; to bury; to overlook; to stifle; to neglect; to fall into oblivion
mái tóuto immerse oneself in; engrossed in sth; to lower the head (e.g. to avoid rain); countersunk (of screws, rivets etc)
mài a pulse (both medical and figurative)
mài guóto sell one's country; treason
mán yuànto complain
怀mǎn huáifull of; to contain; imbued with; to have one's heart filled with; one's breast (the seat of emotions); pregnant (of farm animals); heavy with young
mǎn yuèfull moon; whole month; baby's one-month old birthday
màn xìngslow and patient; chronic (disease); slow to take effect (e.g. a slow poison)
màn yánto extend; to spread
máng cóngto follow blindly; to conform slavishly; unthinking obedience
máng busy; bustling
máng mángboundless; vast and obscure
máng ránignorant; to have no knowledge of sth
máng rénblind person
mào jìnto advance prematurely
mào dense (of plant growth); lush
mào páifake; impostor; quack (doctor); imitation brand
mào shènglush
mào xiǎnto take risks; to take chances; foray; adventure
穿méi chī méi chuān(idiom) to be without food and clothing; be very poor
méi jièmedia; medium
méi zhé(idiom) unable to solve; no way to escape a problem
měi virtue; USA and Germany
měi guóUnited States; USA; US
měi mǎnhappy; blissful
měi miàobeautiful; wonderful; splendid
měi zhōng everything is fine except for one small defect (idiom); the fly in the ointment
mén dāng duì(saying) social position and economic status be in harmony
mén shì retail department; section of a retail store
méng sprout; germ of a plant
to complement; to make up for a deficiency
huoto puzzle; to confuse; to baffle
mànto pervade; to fill the air; diffuse; everywhere present; about to inundate (water); permeated by (smoke); filled with (dust); to saturate (the air with fog, smoke etc)
shīlost; not knowing one's location
density; thickness
fēngseal up
miǎn chúto prevent; to avoid; to excuse; to exempt; to relieve; (of a debt) to remit
miǎn fèifree (of charge)
miǎn to encourage
miàn bāo chēvan for carrying people; taxi minibus
miàn miàn dào(idiom) take care of everything; handle everything
miàn appearance; facial features; look
miàn róngappearance; facial features
miàn ziouter surface; outside; honor; reputation; face (as in "losing face"); self-respect; feelings; (medicinal) powder
miáo huìto describe; to portray
miáo shùto describe; description
miǎo xiǎominute; tiny; negligible; insignificant
miè shìto loathe; to despise; contempt
mín hángcivil aviation
mín shìcivil case; agricultural affairs; civil
mín public opinion; popular will; public will
mín zhòngpopulace; masses; the people
mǐn gǎnsensitive; susceptible; politically sensitive (pretext for censorship)
mǐn ruìkeen; sharp; acute
míng chēngname (of a thing); name (of an organization)
míng position in a ranking of names
míng dānlist (of names)
míng éfixed number of people; quota
míng shínot just in name only, but also in reality (idiom)
míng guìfamous and valuable; rare; precious
míng páifamous brand
míng rénpersonage; celebrity
míng shēngreputation
míng xīngstar; celebrity
míng titular; (do something) in sb's name
míng fame; reputation; honor; honorary; emeritus (of retired professor)
mìng míngto give a name to; to dub; to christen; to designate; named after; naming
mìng a proposition; to assign an essay topic
miù lùnmisconception; fallacy
suoto feel about; to grope about; to fumble; to do things slowly
friction; rubbing; chafing; fig. disharmony; conflict; same as 磨擦
gumushroom; to pester; to dawdle
shìmode; method
shāto erase; to cover traces; to obliterate evidence; to expunge; to blot out; to suppress
míng miàounfathomable mystery (idiom); subtle and ineffable; unable to make head or tail of it; boring (e.g. movie)
in silence; not speaking
móu qiúto seek; to strive for
to witness; to see at first hand; to see with one's own eyes
catalog; table of contents; directory (on computer hard drive); list; contents
grazing land; pasture
livestock husbandry; animal product industry
zhōng rénto consider everyone else beneath one (idiom); so arrogant that no-one else matters; condescending; to go about with one's nose in the air
shíthen; at that time; in those days
shuìto pay taxes
nǎi fěnpowdered milk
nài endurance
nán trouble; problem
nán guāndifficulty; crisis
nán kānhard to take; embarrassed
nán miǎnhard to avoid; difficult to escape from
nán xìngthe male sex; a male
nàn mínrefugee
nǎo huǒto get angry; irritated; to annoy; to aggravate; annoying
nào shìto cause trouble; to create a disturbance
nèi inland; interior
nèi (government) cabinet
nèi hángexpert; adept; experienced; an expert; a professional
nèi inside story; non-public information; behind the scenes; internal
nèi xīnheart; innermost being
nèi zàiintrinsic; innate
nèi zànginternal organs; viscera
nèi zhàncivil war
nèi zhènginternal affairs (of a country)
néng shǒuexpert
dìngto draw up; to draft; to formulate
liúagainst the stream; adverse current; a counter-current; fig. reactionary tendency; to go against the trend
nián year (e.g. school year, fiscal year); annual
niàn touthought; idea; intention
niē zàoto make up; to fabricate
níng to freeze; to solidify; to congeal; fig. with rapt attention
níng jiéto condense; to solidify; to coagulate; clot (of blood)
níng jìngtranquil; tranquility; serenity
níng ménglemon
níng shìto gaze at; to fix one's eyes on
nìng kěnwould rather...; it would be better...; would prefer
nìng yuànwould rather; better
nóng chǎn pǐnagricultural produce
nóng concentration (percentage of dissolved material in a solution); consistency; thickness; density; viscosity
nóng hòudense; thick (fog, clouds etc); to have a strong interest in; deep; fully saturated (color)
nóng peasant household
nòng zuò jiǎto practice fraud (idiom); by trickery
to enslave; slavery
hǒuto bellow; to rave; to snarl
huǒrage; fury; hot anger
xìngwoman; the female sex
ōu to beat up; to come to blows; battery (law)
ǒu to vomit
pāi zhàoto take a picture
pái chúto eliminate; to get rid of; to remove
pái duìto line up
pái huáito dither; to hesitate; to pace back and forth; by ext. to hover around; to linger
pái to crowd out; to push aside; to supplant
pái zhǎngplatoon leader; sergeant
pài biédenomination; group; school; faction; school of thought
pài chū suǒlocal police station
pài qiǎnto send (on a mission); to dispatch
pán xuánto spiral; to circle; to go around; to hover; to orbit
pàn biànto defect; to betray; to mutiny
pàn chǔto sentence; to condemn
pàn dìngjudge; decide; judgment; determination
pàn juéjudgment (by a court of law)
pàn traitor; turncoat; rebel; renegade; insurgent
páng huge; enormous; tremendous
pàng zifat person; fatty
pāo to abandon; to discard; to renounce
pǎo dàoathletic track; track; runway (i.e. airstrip)
pào huǒartillery barrage; gunfire
pào foam; (soap) bubble; (economic) bubble
péi kuǎnreparations; to pay reparations
péi xùnto cultivate; to train; to groom; training
pèi bèito allocate; to provide; to outfit with
pèi fāngprescription; cooking recipe; formulation; completing the square (to solve quadratic equation, math)
pèi ǒuconsort; mate; spouse
pèi tàoto form a complete set; coherent
pēn shèto spurt; to spray; to jet; spurt; spray; jet
pēng rèncooking; culinary arts
pēng tiáoto cook; cooking
wholesale; bulk trade; distribution
to reply officially to a subordinate
gǎito mark (homework, exam scripts etc); to correct and criticize (an article); to check; to correct; a correction (to a piece of writing)
shìto comment on and criticize a lower government report; written comments from higher authorities
bèibeaten; exhausted; tired
dàistrap; leather belt; CL:,
tired; weary
leather; CL:
piān chābias; deviation
piān jiànprejudice
piān remote; desolate; far from the city
piān xiàngpartial towards sth; to prefer; to incline; erroneous tendencies (Leftist or Revisionist deviation)
piàn short period of time; a moment
pīn to struggle; to wrestle
pín lack; incomplete
pín fánfrequently; often
pín kùnimpoverished; poverty
pín frequency
pín mínpoor people
pǐn chángto taste a small amount; to sample
pǐn xíngbehavior; moral conduct
pìn qǐngto engage; to hire (a lawyer etc)
pìn rènto appoint (to a position); appointed
pìn yòngto employ; to hire
píng to evaluate (by comparison)
píng dìngto evaluate; to make one's judgment
píng to evaluate; to assess; assessment; evaluation
píng miànplane (flat surface); print media
píng mínordinary people; commoner; civilian
píng ordinary day; everyday; ordinarily; usually
píng shěnto appraise; to evaluate; to judge
píng shuǐ xiāng féng(saying) strangers coming together by chance
píng tǎnlevel; even; smooth; flat
píng wěnsmooth; steady
píng xuǎnto select, on the basis of a vote or consensus
píng zhàngprotective screen
píng zhěngsmooth; level; to level off; to flatten (remove bumps)
pohusband's mother; mother-in-law; grandma
chúto eliminate; to do away with; to get rid of
huòto uncover (a criminal plot); to break open and capture
lièto rupture; to fracture; to break down; (linguistics) plosion
使 shǐto force; to compel
suìto smash to pieces; to shatter
poker (game); deck of playing cards
mièto eradicate; to extinguish
tao tángglucose C6H12O6
chácensus; general survey; general investigation; reconnaissance survey
to compose a piece of music
shíplain; simple; guileless; down-to-earth; sincere and honest
cǎnplaintive; mournful; miserable
dàito look forward to; to await; expectation
wànghope; expectation
xiàntime limit; deadline; allotted time
zuǐ shé(saying) a discussion with everybody talking at once
hàolit. a banner to distinguish an army unit or the name of its general; fig. to act in the name (of an idea or an organization); to fly the flag (as a cover for shady business); used for 旗语 semaphore
huā cǎo(saying) very rarely seen, unusual
jiānin between; within that interval; in the meantime
miàofantastic; wonderful
shìto discriminate against; discrimination
peculiar; unusual; queer
how couldn't...?; wouldn't it...?
cǎodraft (a bill); draw up (plans)
chéngto set out on a journey
diǎnstarting point
to move up and down; to undulate; ups and downs
hòngto heckle; rowdy jeering; to create a disturbance
jìnvigorously; energetically; enthusiastically
at the minimum; at the very least
qiúto beg
shēnto get up; to leave; to set forth
shìannouncement (written, on billboard, letter, newspaper or website); to post information; a notice
shìenlightenment; revelation; apocalypse
to sue; to bring a lawsuit against; to prosecute
yǒu how can this be so? (idiom); preposterous; ridiculous; absurd
chuǎnlabored breathing; shortage of breath due to poor lung capacity; asthma
gōngqigong, a system of deep breathing exercises
implement; ware
strength; energy; vigor; talent
liústream of air; airflow; slipstream; draft; breath; turbulence (of aircraft)
spirit; boldness; positive outlook; imposing attitude
shìmomentum; manner; energy; look of great force or imposing manner; powerful
breath; smell; odor; flavor
xièspecial or precision equipment; apparatus
qià dào hǎo chùit's just perfect; it's just right
qià qiǎofortunately; unexpectedly; by coincidence
qià fèn(saying) to say or do something appropriate
qià tánto discuss
qiān chěto involve; to implicate
qiān to issue (a document); to sign and issue officially
qiān jiùto yield; to adapt to; to accommodate to (sth)
qiān jūn wàn magnificent army with thousands of men and horses (idiom); impressive display of manpower; all the King's horses and all the King's men
qiān míngto sign (one's name with a pen etc); to autograph
qiān shǔto sign (an agreement)
qiān kilowatt (unit of electric power)
qiān xùnhumble; humility; modesty
qiān yǐnto pull; to draw (a cart); to tow
qiān zhèngvisa; certificate; to certify; CL:
qiān zhìto control; to curb; to restrict; to impede; to pin down (enemy troops)
qiān to sign (a signature)
qián bèisenior; older generation; precursor
qián chéngfuture (career etc) prospects
qián to hide; to cover up; to conceal
qián hòu (saying) advance in waves of people
qián jǐngforeground; vista; (future) prospects; perspective
qián potential; capacity
qián lièthe very front
qián preceding period; early stage
qián rénpredecessor; forebears; the person facing you
qián suǒ wèi yǒuunprecedented
qián premise; precondition; prerequisite
qián wǎngto leave for; to proceed towards; to go
线qián xiànfront line; military front; workface; cutting edge
qián zipliers; forceps; clamp; CL:
qiǎn to denounce; to condemn; to criticize; condemnation; criticism
qiāng to execute by firing squad; to shoot dead; fig. to discard; to get rid of
qiáng huàto strengthen; to intensify
qiáng shèngrich and powerful
qiáng zhìto enforce; enforcement; forcibly; compulsory
qiǎng jiùrescue
qiáo bāocountryman living abroad
qiáo zhuāngto pretend; to feign; to disguise oneself
qié zieggplant (Solanum melongena L.); aubergine; brinjal; Guinea squash; phonetic "cheese" (when being photographed); equivalent of "say cheese"
qiè to steal; to seize
qiè tīngeavesdrop; wiretap
qīn in one's own handwriting
qīn hàito encroach on; to infringe on
qīn intimate; close
qīn pèito admire; to look up to; to respect sb greatly
qīn shēnpersonal; oneself
qīn shēngborn to oneself (i.e. one's natural child); having born oneself (i.e. one's natural parent)
qīn shíto erode; to corrode
qīn shǒupersonally; with one's own hands
qīn yǒufriends and relatives
qīn zhànto invade and occupy (territory)
qín càicelery (Apium graveolens)
qín fènhardworking; diligent
qín gōng jiǎn xuéto work part time while studying; work-study program
qín jiǎnhardworking and frugal
qín kěndiligent and attentive; assiduous; sincere
便qīng biànlightweight and portable; light and convenient
qīng cháto investigate thoroughly; to carefully inspect; to verify; to ferret out (undesirable elements)
qīng gōng light industry
qīng kuàilight and quick; brisk; spry; lively; effortless; relaxed; agile; blithe
qīng clear; to put in order; to check up
qīng tīngto listen attentively
qīng tíngdragonfly (common spoken term); Odonata, order consisting of about 6,000 species of dragonflies and damselflies
qīng wēislight; light; trivial; to a small extent
qīng xiéto incline; to lean; to slant; to slope; to tilt
qīng xīnfresh and clean; Qingxin county in Qingyuan 清远, Guangdong
qīng zǎofirst thing in the morning; at daybreak
qīng zhēn mosque
qíng gǎnfeeling; emotion; to move (emotionally)
qíng jiéplot; circumstances
qíng lǎngsunny and cloudless
qíng reason; sense
qǐng jiǎninvitation card; written invitation
qǐng tiěinvitation card; written invitation
qǐng yuànpetition (for action to be taken)
qìng to congratulate; to celebrate
qióng impoverished; destitute
qiū shōufall harvest; to reap
qiú to ask for sth and receive it; to try to obtain; to look for and obtain
qiú duìsports team (basketball, soccer, football etc)
qiú soccer fan; crazy about ball sports; CL:
fēnto differentiate; to find differing aspects
to surrender; to yield
shìtrend; tendency
线 xiàncurve; curved line; indirect; in a roundabout way
xiàngdirection; trend; to incline
zhúto expel; to deport; banishment
dàito replace; to supersede; to supplant; (chemistry) substitution
zipoem for singing; tune; music; CL:
shìto pass away; to die
quān tàotrap; snare; trick
quán dōuall; without exception
quán huìplenary session (at a conference); CL:
quán omnibus; complete works (of a writer or artist)
quán with all one's strength; full strength; all-out (effort); fully (support)
quán do at all costs; make an all-out effort
quán mínentire population (of a country)
quán wēiauthority; authoritative; power and prestige
quán xiànlimits to authority; scope of one's jurisdiction
quán xīn quán heart and soul; wholeheartedly
quán rights and benefits
quàn shuōpersuade; persuasion; advise
quàn to advise against; to dissuade
quē kǒunick; jag; gap; shortfall
quē absence; absent
quē xiàndefect; flaw; physical defect
què bǎoto ensure; to guarantee
què to establish; to institute
què qièdefinite; exact; precise
què rènto confirm; to verify; confirmation
què xìnto be convinced; to be sure; to firmly believe; to be positive that; definite news
què záodefinite; conclusive; undeniable; authentic
qún community; colony
ràng to concede; to give in; to yield; a concession
rǎo luànto disturb; to perturb; to harass
cháoupsurge; popular craze
lèi yíng kuàngeyes brimming with tears of excitement (idiom); extremely moved
rén benevolent; charitable; kind; kindly; kindness; merciful
rén dào zhǔ humanism; humanitarian (aid)
rén personality; integrity; dignity
rén jūnper capita
rén qíngreason; human emotions; human interaction; social relationship; friendship; favor; a good turn
rén quánhuman rights
rén shēnginseng
rén shēnperson; personal; human body
rén shēnghuman life
rén shìhuman affairs; ways of the world; consciousness of the world; what is humanly possible; personnel matters; sexual awareness; sexual passion; facts of life
rén wéiartificial; man-made; having human cause or origin; human attempt or effort
rén xìnghuman nature; humanity; human; the totality of human attributes
rén zhìhostage
rèn dìngto maintain (that sth is true); to determine (a fact); determination (of an amount); of the firm opinion; to believe firmly; to set one's mind on; to identify with
rèn to approve; approval; acknowledgment; OK
rèn mìngto appoint and nominate
róng huàto melt; to dissolve (of sugar etc)
róng huàto melt; to thaw; to dissolve; to blend into; to combine; to fuse
róng volume; physical space taken up by an object
róng jiědissolve; solution
róng liàngcapacity; volume; quantitative (science)
róng to hold; to contain; to accommodate; to tolerate (different opinions)
róng qiàharmonious; friendly relations; on good terms with one another
róng rěnto put up with; to tolerate
róng honor; credit; glory; (honorable) reputation
róu gentle; soft
as one wants; according to one's wishes
zuì chīlit. as if drunk and stupefied (idiom); intoxicated by sth; obsessed with; mad about sth
jìngto enter a country; immigration
qīnto invade
shǒuto begin; to set one's hand to
xuéto enter a school or college; to go to school for the first time as a child
ruǎn jiàn(computer) software
ruì sharp; keen; acute; incisive; penetrating; perceptive
ruì xuětimely snow
ruò diǎnweak point; failing
huǎngto tell lies
sān fān (saying) do over and over again
sān jiǎotriangle
sàn distribute; emit; issue
sāng shùmulberry tree, with leaves used to feed silkworms
sǎo chúto sweep; to clean with a brush; to sweep away (often fig.)
shā chēto brake (when driving); to stop; to switch off; to check (bad habits); a brake
shā hàimurder
shā tānsand bar; beach; CL:
shā sandy soil
shǎ zian idiot; a fool
shāi zisieve
shān gāngmound; small hill
shān gōuvalley; gully; mountain region
shān mountains and rivers; the whole country
shān coral
shān jiǎofoot of a mountain
shān lǐngmountain ridge
shān shuǐlandscape; Sansui, Japanese company
shān tóumountain top
shān yāohalfway up a mountain; lit. waist of mountain
耀shǎn yàoto glint; to glitter; to sparkle; to radiate
shàn chángto be good at; to be expert in
shàn liánggood and honest; kind-hearted
shàn without permission; of one's own initiative
shāng biāotrademark; logo
shāng hénscar; bruise
shāng tǎodiscuss; deliberate
shāng to negotiate; discussion; proposal
shāng yuánwounded person
shàng bàoto report to one's superiors; to appear in the news; to reply to a letter
shàng céngupper layer
shàng děnghighest quality; top-notch
shàng jiāoto hand over to; to give to higher authority; to seek connections in high places
shàng jìnto make progress; to do better; fig. ambitious to improve oneself; to move forwards
shàng kōngoverhead; in the sky
shàng rènto take office
shàng appeal (a judicial case)
shàng táito rise to power (in politics); to go on stage (in the theater)
shàng zhǎngto rise; to go up
shāo bingbaked sesame seed coated cake
shāo huǐto burn; to burn down
shǎo liànga smidgen; a little bit; a few
shǎo shù mín national minority; ethnic group
shē chǐluxurious; extravagant; wasteful
shè to involve; to touch upon (a topic)
shè to set up; to establish
shè shīfacilities; installation
shè wàiconcerning foreigners or foreign affairs
shè yuánmember of society (association, club etc)
shè zhìto set up; to install
shēn àoprofound; abstruse; recondite; profoundly
shēn bàoto report (to the authorities); to declare (to customs)
shēn chéndeep; extreme; dull; low pitched (sound)
shēn chùabyss; depths; deepest or most distant part
shēn huàdeepen; intensify
shēn qiǎndeep or shallow; depth (of the sea); limits of decorum
shēn qièdeeply felt; heartfelt; sincere; honest
shēn qíngdeep emotion; deep feeling; deep love
shēn shìgentleman
shēn shǒuto hold out a hand; to ask for sth
shēn shùto state; to assert; to allege; to specify
shēn xìnto believe firmly
shēn yínto moan; to groan
shēn yuǎnfar-reaching; profound and long-lasting
shēn zhǎnstretching; extension
shēn zhòngvery serious; grave; profound
shén magical; mystical; miraculous
shén expression; look
shén tàiappearance; manner; bearing; deportment; look; expression; mien
shén xiānDaoist immortal; supernatural entity; (in modern fiction) fairy, elf, leprechaun etc; fig. lighthearted person; used in advertising: Live like an immortal! 活神仙似
shěn dìngto examine and approve; to finalize
shěn to hear (a case)
shěn měiesthetics; appreciating the arts; taste
shěn pàna trial; to try sb
shěn to examine and approve; to endorse
shěn xùncourt trial
shěn deliberation; pondering; due consideration
shèn tòuto permeate; to infiltrate; to pervade; osmosis
shèn yánkidney inflammation; nephritis
shēng chǎn production capability; productive force; productivity
shēng chǎn productivity; efficiency of production
shēng chùdomesticated animals; livestock
shēng opportunity to live; to reprieve from death; life force; vitality
shēng kouanimals used for their physical strength (mules, oxen etc); beast of burden
shēng mìng vitality
shēng to fear; afraid; extremely nervous; for fear that; to avoid; so as not to
shēng qián(of a deceased) during one's life; while living
shēng rénstranger; living person; to give birth
shēng shìfame and power; prestige; influence; impetus; momentum
shēng shūunfamiliar; strange; out of practice; not accustomed
shēng tàiway of life; ecology
shēng xiàoto take effect; to go into effect
shēng xuéto enter the next grade school
shēng reputation; fame
shēng to bear; to give birth; to grow; to rear; to bring up (children)
shēng zhíto reproduce; to flourish
shěng huìprovincial capital
shěng lüèto leave out; an omission
shèng chǎnsuperabundant; to teem with; to produce in abundance; to abound in
shèng grand; majestic; magnificent; Shanda Entertainment (PRC computer game company)
shèng kāiblooming; in full flower
shèng qínggreat kindness; magnificent hospitality
shèng xíngto be in vogue; to be prevalent
湿shī humidity level
shī féifertilize
shī poem; CL:,,
shī jiāto exert (effort or pressure)
shī shìto be involved in a crash; accident
shī dead body; corpse; carcass; CL:
shī lapse; mistake; to make a mistake; fault; service fault (in volleyball, tennis etc)
shī xiàoto fail; to lose effectiveness
shī xíngto put in place; put into practice; take effect
shī xuéunable to go to school; an interruption to one's education
shī yuēto miss an appointment
shī zhǎnto use fully; to put to use
shī zhǎngmilitary division level commander; teacher
shī zōngmissing; lost; unaccounted for
shí biéto distinguish; to discern
shí éroccasionally; from time to time
shí guāngtime; era; period of time
shí huīlime (calcium oxide)
shí huìtangible benefit; material advantages; advantageous (deal); substantial (discount)
shí strength
shí máoin vogue; fashionable
shí quán shí měicomplete and beautiful; to be perfect(idiom)
shí shìcurrent trends; the present situation; how things are going
shí entity; substance
shí material object; concrete object; original object; in kind; object for practical use; definite thing; reality; matter (physics)
shí yòngfood product; to use as food; edible
shí appetite
shí zhuāngthe latest fashion in clothes; fashionable
shí ample; complete; hundred percent; a pure shade (of some color)
使shǐ jié(diplomatic) envoy
shǐ liàohistorical material or data
使shǐ mìngmission (diplomatic or other); set task
shì to be bound to; undoubtedly will
shì biànunforeseen event; incident
shì cháto inspect; an investigation
shì dàigeneration; an era; accumulation of years; passing on from generation to generation
shì fànto demonstrate; to show how to do sth; demonstration; a model example
shì fàngto release; to set free; to liberate (a prisoner); to discharge
shì hòuserve; wait upon
shì jiè guānworldview; world outlook; Weltanschauung
shì juésight; vision; visual
shì example; exemplar; typical case
shì vision; eyesight
shì míncity resident
shì tàisituation; existing state of affairs
线shì xiànline of sight
shì xiàngmatter; item
shì xíngto try out; to test
shì yánoath; promise; pledge
shì yàngstyle
shì field of view; horizon
shì sketch; schema; graph
shì yòngto try something out; on probation
shì zhìto try out a new product (or manufacturing process); prototype; trial product
shōu cángto hoard; to collect; collection; to bookmark (internet)
shōu to recover (lost territory etc); to recapture
shōu gòuto purchase (from various places); to acquire (a company)
shōu huíto regain; to retake; to take back; to withdraw; to revoke
shōu mǎito purchase; to bribe
shōu earnings; profit
shōu zhīcash flow; financial balance; income and expenditure
shǒu chuàngto create; original creation; to be the first to do sth
shǒu diàn tǒngflashlight; electric hand torch
shǒu to abide by the law
shǒu technique; trick; skill
shǒu lǐnghead; boss; chief
shǒu liú dànhand grenade
shǒu nǎohead (of state); summit (meeting); leader
shǒu wèito guard; to defend
shǒu chief (representative, correspondent etc)
shǒu xiàngprime minister (of Japan or UK etc)
shǒu yàothe most important; of chief importance
shǒu craftmanship; workmanship; handicraft; trade
shǒu zhǎngsenior official
shòu shāngto sustain injuries; wounded (in an accident etc); harmed
shòu to award; to confer
shòu zithin person
shū chūto export; to output
shū calligraphy; handwriting; penmanship
shū kānbooks and publications
shū miànin writing; written
shū to import; to input
shū sòngto transport; to convey
shū xiěto write
shū xìnletter; epistle
shū zhǎnto roll out; to extend; to smooth out; to unfold
shù éamount; sum of money; fixed number
shù gàntree trunk
shuāi lǎoto age; to deteriorate with age; old and weak
退shuāi tuìto decline; to fall; to drop; to falter; a decline; recession (in economics)
shuǎng kuairefreshed; rejuvenated; frank and straightforward
shuǐ chǎnaquatic; produced in sea, rivers or lakes
shuǐ diànhydroelectric power
shuǐ water and soil; surface water; natural environment (extended meaning); climate
shuǐ yuánwater source; water supply; headwaters of a river
shuǐ zāiflood; flood damage
shuǐ zhēng vapor
shuì shōutaxation
shùn sequence; order
shuō huǎngto lie; to tell an untruth
shuō qíngto intercede; to plead for sb else
cháotide of thought; way of thinking characteristic of a historical period; Zeitgeist
judicial; (administration of) justice
lìng headquarters; military command center
qián xiǎng hòuto consider past cause and future effect (idiom); to think over the past and future; to ponder over reasons and connection
train of thought; emotional state; mood; feeling
yíngprivately-owned; private
yǒu zhìprivate ownership of property
private; personal; secretly; without explicit approval
xíngdeath penalty
fāngfour-way; four-sided
four seasons, namely: spring , summer , autumn and winter
liàofeed; fodder
shì ér fēiapparently right but actually wrong; specious (idiom)
xiào fēi xiàolike a smile yet not a smile (idiom)
zhīthe four limbs of the body
sōu cháto search
sōu suǒto search; to look for sth; to scour (search meticulously); to look sth up; internet search; database search
xǐngto wake up; to regain consciousness; to come to; to awaken
zàoto model; to mould; plastic (arts); flexible; to portray (in sculpture or in words)
zhìinner quality; basic essence; change over time
suàn pánabacus; CL:; plan; scheme
suàn shùarithmetic; sums (mathematics as primary school subject)
suí as one wishes; according to one's wishes; at will; voluntary; conscious
suí zhealong with; in the wake of; following
suì dàotunnel
suì yuèyears; passing of time
sǔn hàowear and tear
sǔn rén harming others for one's personal benefit (idiom); personal gain to the detriment of others
sǔn shāngto harm; to damage; to injure; impairment; loss; disability
suǒ what one acquires; one's gains
suǒ shuìincome tax
suǒ shǔone's affiliation (i.e. the organization one is affiliated with); subordinate (i.e. those subordinate to oneself); belonging to; affiliated; under one's command
suǒ xìngyou might as well (do it); simply; just
suǒ yǒu quánownership; possession; property rights; title (to property)
suǒ yǒu zhìownership of the means of production (in Marxism); system of ownership
rénanother; sb else; other people
tái fēnghurricane; typhoon
tái jiēflight of steps (leading up to a house); step (over obstacle); bench; fig. way out of an embarrassing situation
tài kōngouter space
tài píngpeace and security; place name
tài ráncalm; self-composed
tài yáng néngsolar energy
tān huànparalysis; be paralyzed (body, transportation, etc)
tān corruption
tán tiānto chat
tǎn báihonest; forthcoming; to confess
tàn to probe; to take readings; to explore; exploration
tàn qīnto go home to visit one's family
tàn tǎoto investigate; to probe
tàn tóu tàn nǎoto stick one's head out and look around (idiom)
tàn wàngto visit
táng guǒcandy; CL:
tāo tāo juéunceasing torrent (idiom); talking non-stop; gabbling forty to the dozen
táo pottery and porcelain; ceramics
táo huāpeach blossom
táo huāngto escape from a famine; to get away from a famine-stricken region
táo pǎoto flee from sth; to run away; to escape
táo naughty; bad
táo tàito wash out; elimination (by selection); natural selection; to knock out (in a competition); to die out; to phase out
táo zǒuto escape; to flee; to run away
tǎo jià huán jiàhaggle over price
chǎnspecial local product; (regional) specialty
specially; for a special purpose
dìngspecial; specific; designated; particular
Special administrative region; abbr. for 特别行政区
quánprerogative; privilege; privileged
characteristic; distinguishing feature or quality
xìngproperty; characteristic
specially; intentionally
ànproposal; draft resolution; motion (to be debated); to propose a bill; to make a proposal
to promote to a higher job; to select for promotion
cáisubject matter
jiāoto submit (a report etc); to refer (a problem) to sb
liànto extract (ore, minerals etc); to refine; to purify; to process
to extract; to refine; to withdraw (from a bank or warehouse); to pick up
shēngto promote; to upgrade
shìto prompt; to present; to point out; to draw attention to sth; hint; brief; cue
xīn diào dǎn(saying) to be very scared and on edge
yàosummary; abstract
zǎoahead of schedule; sooner than planned; to bring forward (to an earlier time)
liàngto empathize; to allow (for something); to show understanding; to appreciate
tiēconsiderate (of other people's needs)
yànto experience for oneself
zhìsystem; organization
zhòngbody weight
dàito substitute for; to replace; to supersede
tiān cháng jiǔenduring while the world lasts (idiom); eternal
tiān heaven and earth; world; scope; field of activity
tiān time of the day
tiān shēngnature; disposition; innate; natural
tiān tángparadise; heaven
线tiān xiànantenna; mast; connection with high-ranking officials
tián to fill a gap; to fill in a blank (on a form); to overcome a deficiency
tián jiānfield; farm; farming area; village
tián jìngtrack and field (athletics)
tián xiěto fill in a form; to write data in a box (on a questionnaire or web form)
tiáo harmonious; harmony
tiáo to adjust; to balance; to make up a medical prescription
tiáo jiěto mediate; to bring parties to an agreement
tiáo kuǎnclause (of contract or law); CL:
tiáo arrangement; order; tidiness
tiáo wénclause; explanatory section in a document
tiáo zishort note; slip of paper; cop (slang)
tiǎo to incite disharmony; to instigate
tiǎo xìnto provoke; provocation
tiǎo zhànto challenge; challenge
tiào gāohigh jump (athletics)
tiào yuǎnlong jump (athletics)
tiào yuèto jump; to leap; to bound; to skip
tiě dàorailway line; rail track
tiě fàn wǎnsecure employment (lit. iron rice bowl)
tīng huàto do what one is told; obedient
tīng to hear (news); to listen to
tīng zhòngaudience; listeners
tíng anchorage; mooring (of a ship)
tíng dùnto halt; to break off; pause (in speech)
tíng zhìstagnation; at a standstill; bogged down
tǐng tall and straight
tǐng to stand erect; to stand upright
tōng bàobulletin; journal; circulate information
tōng dào(communications) channel; thoroughfare; passage; Tongdao Dong autonomous county in Huaihua 怀化, Hunan
tōng fēngairy; ventilation; to ventilate; to disclose information
tōng gàoto announce; to give notice
tōng hángconnected by air, sea traffic or service
tōng hóngvery red; red through and through; to blush (deep red)
tōng huò péng zhànginflation
tōng shānghaving trading relations (of nations or regions)
tōng common; everyday; average
tōng xíngto go through; a passage through; in general use; a pass or laissez-passer; a license (to a computer account)
tōng xùn shèa news service (e.g. Xinhua)
tōng yòngcommon (use); interchangeable
tóng synchronous; to synchronize; to keep step with
tóng děngequal to; having the same social class or status
tóng hángperson of the same profession; of the same trade, occupation or industry
tóng lèisimilar; same type; alike
tóng niánthe same year
tóng niánchildhood
tóng the corresponding time period (e.g. compare inflation now with the rate during the same month last year)
tóng shìcolleague; co-worker; CL:,
tóng identical; the same
tǒng chóuan overall plan; to plan an entire project as a whole
tǒng zhànunited front (abbr. for 统一战线); consolidation
tòng hènto detest; to loathe; to abhor
tōu qièto steal; to pilfer
tōu shuìtax evasion
tóu biāoto bid; to make a tender
tóu chǎnto put into production; to put into operation
tóu fàngto input; to throw in; to unload; to put into circulation
tóu dǎo speculation and profiteering (idiom); buying and selling on speculation
tóu piàoto vote; vote
tóu zhìto throw sth a long distance; to hurl; to throw at; to throw (dice etc); to flip (a coin)
tóu investment; to invest
tóu ziboss; gang leader
tòu chèpenetrating; thorough; incisive
tòu míng transparency; (policy of) openness
àndesign; pattern
biǎochart; diagram
piànimage; picture; photograph; CL:
shāto massacre; massacre; bloodbath; carnage
xiàngimage; picture
xíngpicture; figure; diagram; graph; depiction; graphical
zhǐblueprint; drawing; design plans; graph paper
tuán to reunite; to have a reunion
tuán yuánto have a reunion
tuī speculation; to conjecture; to surmise; to speculate
tuī lái tuī (idiom) to rudely push and pull others; (idiom) to evade responsibility and push it to others
tuī reasoning; speculative; inference
tuī lùnto infer; a deduction; a corollary; a reasoned conclusion
tuī suànto calculate; to reckon; to extrapolate (in calculation)
tuī xiāoto market; to sell
tuī xíngto put into effect; to carry out
tuī xuǎnto elect; to choose; to nominate
退tuì chūto withdraw; to abort; to quit; to log out (computing)
退tuì huánto return (sth borrowed etc); to send back; to refund; to rebate
tuō luòto drop off; to come off; to lose (hair etc); to omit (a character when writing)
tuō yánto adjourn; to delay; to defer; adjournment; procrastination
tuǒ shànappropriate; proper
tuǒ xiéto compromise; to reach terms; a compromise
tuǒ yuánoval; ellipse; elliptic
juéto excavate; to dig; to unearth
jiěto collapse; to disintegrate; to crumble
wài biǎoexternal; outside; outward appearance
wài bīnforeign guest; international visitor
wài chūto go out; to go away from one's present position
wài diànreports from foreign (non-Chinese) news agencies
wài guānexterior appearance; to view sth from the outside; exterior condition
wài hánglayman; amateur
wài huìforeign (currency) exchange
wài external force; pressure from outside
wài liúoutflow; to flow out; to drain
wài (informal) mother's mother; maternal grandmother
wài shìforeign affairs
wài xiàng xíngexport-oriented (economic model)
wài xíngfigure; shape; external form; contour
wài foreign investment
wān dòupea (Pisum sativum)
wán to finish; to end; to complete
wán dànfallen from power; destroyed; finished; all over for (him); gone to the dogs
wán plaything; toy
wán nòngto play with; to engage in; to resort to; to dally with
wǎn cānevening meal; dinner; CL:,,
wǎn niánone's later years
wǎn to feel sorry for a person over sth that should have happened
wàn shuǐ qiān shānten thousand crags and torrents (idiom); the trials and tribulations of a long journey; a long and difficult road
wāng yángvast body of water; CL:
wáng guókingdom; realm
wǎng chánghabitually in the past; as one used to do formerly; as it used to be
wǎng fǎnto go back and forth; to go to and fro; round trip
wǎng hòufrom now on; in the future; time to come
wǎng niánin former years; in previous years
wǎng in former days
wǎng shìpast events; former happenings
wàng quèto forget (esp. in writing)
wàng to try in vain; futile attempt
wàng xiǎngto attempt vainly; a vain attempt
wàng yuǎn jìngtelescope; CL:,,
wēi dàonegligible; insignificant
wēi fēngmight; awe-inspiring authority; impressive
wēi guānmicro-; sub-atomic
wēi critical; desperate (situation)
wēi might; formidable power
wēi wàngprestige
wēi xìnprestige; reputation; trust; credit with the people; Weixin county in Zhaotong 昭通, Yunnan
wéi only; solely; this one alone
wéi illegal; to break the law
wéi fànto violate; to infringe
wéi gānmast
wéi gōngto besiege; to beleaguer; to attack from all sides; to jointly speak or write against sb
wéi (to be done) by (a certain date); lasting (a certain time)
wéi the game of Go
wéi lùnthe philosophy of materialism, doctrine that physical matter is the whole of reality
wéi zhǔ materialism, philosophical doctrine that physical matter is the whole of reality
wéi xīn lùnphilosophy of idealism, the doctrine that external reality is a product of consciousness
wéi xīn zhǔ philosophy of idealism, the doctrine that external reality is a product of consciousness
wéi xiūmaintenance (of equipment); to protect and maintain
wéi only; sole; variant of 唯一
wěi zàoto forge; to fake; to counterfeit
wèi why
wèi to fear; to dread; foreboding
wèi miǎnunavoidable; a bit too much; over the top (you exaggerate)
wēn thermometer; thermograph
wēn róugentle and soft; tender
wēn epidemic; plague; pestilence; diseased
wén mángilliterate
wén píngdiploma
wén rénscholar; literati
wén xiàndocument
wén elegant; refined
wén yánclassical Chinese
wěn dangreliable; secure; stable; firm
wěn tuǒdependable
wèn question and answer
wèn shìto be published; to come out
nangannoyed; to feel vexed; pointless; asinine; good-for-nothing; stupid and cowardly
shìbedroom; CL:
witch; sorceress; female shaman
xiànto entrap; to frame; to plant false evidence against sb
crow; raven
to sob; to whimper
yúnblack cloud
chángfree; no charge; at no cost
chǐwithout any sense of shame; unembarrassed; shameless
cóngnot to have access; beyond one's authority or capability; sth one has no way of doing
fēionly; nothing else
huà shuōthere is nothing more to say (idiom); above criticism; perfect
fèng gào(idiom) "no comment"
irrational; unreasonable
liáobored; boring; senseless
néng wéi impotent (idiom); powerless; helpless
qíng completely lacking any feeling or sense of justice (idiom); cold and ruthless
qióngendless; boundless; inexhaustible
suǒ zuò wéiattempting nothing and accomplishing nothing (idiom); without any initiative or drive; feckless
tóngwutong or Paulownia tree (Fermiana platanifolia), a lightweight strong wood used for musical instruments; Chinese parasol tree
wēi zhìin every possible way (idiom); meticulous
xiàonot valid; ineffective; in vain
inadvertent; accidental
zhīignorant; ignorance
(make use of) military force; military force; military power; military might
tīngdance hall; ballroom; CL:
must; to need to; to be sure to
chādifference; error; inaccuracy
jiěto misunderstand; to misread; misunderstanding
physical resources (as opposed to labor resources)
to take drugs; addiction
mièto stop burning; to go out (of fire); to die out; extinguished
custom; tradition; local tradition; convention
school work exercises
wèia seat (in a theater, stadium etc); parliamentary or congressional seat
to rinse; to wash; washing
shìhappy occasion; wedding
xùngood news; glad tidings
jiédetails; particulars
xiǎotiny; fine; minute
xiá àinarrow; tight; narrow minded; lacking in experience
xiá zhǎinarrow
xià to transmit down (a chain of command); to pass down (to lower level)
xià fàngto delegate; to decentralize; to demote a party cadre to work on the shop floor or in the countryside
xià low ranking; low level; an underclass
xià lìngto give an order; to command
xià luòwhereabouts
xià táito go off the stage; to fall from position of prestige; to step down (from office etc)
xià xiāngto go to the countryside
xiān fēngherald; pioneer
xiān hóngscarlet; bright red
xiān fairy
xiān to lift; to raise in height; to begin; upsurge; to set off (a campaign)
xiān qiánbefore; previously
xiān xíngto precede others; in advance
xián huìchaste; virtuous
xián jiēto join together; to combine
xián suspicion; (be) suspected (of)
xiǎn ér jiànclearly and easy to see (idiom); obviously; clearly; it goes without saying
xiǎn wēi jìngmicroscope; CL:
xiàn chǎnglit. actual location; the scene (of the incident); on-the-spot
xiàn limitation; limit
xiàn hàito frame (up); to make false charges against
xiàn jīncash
xiàn set a time limit; time limit; deadline
xiàn qiáncash
xiàn to sink into; to get caught up in; to land in (a predicament)
xiàn shēnto commit one's energy to; to devote oneself to; to sacrifice one's life for
线xiàn suǒtrail; clues; thread (of a story)
xiàn xíngbe in effect; in force
xiàn to be limited to; to be confined to
xiàn zhǎngcounty's head commissioner
xiàn zhuàngcurrent situation
xiāng compared to
xiāng chàto differ; discrepancy between
xiāng děngequal; equally; equivalent
xiāng to match; to tally
xiāng guāninterrelated; correlation; dependence; relevance; mutuality
xiāng in succession; following closely
xiāng jiāoto cross over (e.g. traffic); to intersect; to make friends
xiāng qīnfellow countryman (from the same village); local people; villager; the folks back home
xiāng shíto get to know each other; acquaintance
xiāng tōnginterlinked; connected; communicating; in communication; accommodating
xiāng wèifragrance; bouquet; sweet smell; CL:
xiāng yìngto correspond; answering (one another); to agree (among the part); corresponding; relevant; appropriate; (modify) accordingly
xiǎng fāng shè to think up every possible method (idiom); to devise ways and means; to try this, that and the other
xiǎng to live comfortably; happy and prosperous life
xiǎng to seek pleasure
xiǎng yǒuto enjoy (rights, privileges etc)
xiàng jiāorubber
xiàng liànnecklace; CL:
xiàng rubber; an eraser; CL:
xiàng portrait; image; resemble
xiàng wǎngto yearn for; to look forward to
xiàng yàngpresentable; decent; up to par
xiāo huǐto destroy (by melting or burning); to obliterate
xiāo sale; market; state of the market; sales event
xiāo shòuto sell; market; sales
xiǎo guǐ(idiom) an endearing term of address to a child; little demon
xiǎo millet
xiǎo shùdecimal digit
xiǎo shù diǎndecimal point
xiǎo qínfiddle; violin
xiǎo xīn cautious and solemn (idiom); very carefully; prudent; gently and cautiously
xiǎo xíngsmall scale; small size
xiǎo xué shēngprimary school student; schoolchild; CL:,
xiǎo ziboy; young fellow; (derog.) chap
xiào huīschool badge; college insignia; university crest
xiào effectiveness; positive effect; to serve (in some capacity)
xiào shùnfilial piety; to be obedient to one's parents
xiào xiàngportrait
xiào benefit; effectiveness; efficiency
xiào yuáncampus
xié chíto seize
xié dàito carry (on one's person); to support (old); Taiwan pr. [xi1 dai4]
xié shāngto consult with; to talk things over; agreement
xié tiáoto coordinate; to harmonize; negotiation
xié agreement; pact; protocol; CL:
xiè juéto refuse politely
xiè lòusee 泄露
xiè to leak (gas); to be discouraged; to despair; (disparaging) pathetic; to vent one's anger; (of a tire) to be flat
xīn chén dài xièmetabolism (biology); the new replaces the old (idiom)
xīn fángbrand new house; bridal chamber
xīn jīnsalary; wage
xīn jìnnewly
xīn lángbridegroom; groom
xīn lichest; heart; mind
xīn língbright; smart; quick-witted; heart; thoughts; spirit
xīn mentality; mental attitude; viewpoint
xīn niángbride
xīn rénnew age person; new type of person; newly-wed, esp. new bride; bride and groom
xīn téngto love dearly; the pain of love
xīn tóuheart; thoughts; mind
xīn xīn xiàng róngluxuriant growth (idiom); flourishing; thriving
xīn xīngnew; up-and-coming; newly developing; rising; Xinxing county in Yunfu 云浮, Guangdong; Xinxing or Hsinhsing district of Kaohsiung city 高雄市, south Taiwan
xīn xuèheart's blood; expenditure (for some project); meticulous care
xīn yǐnglit. new bud; fig. new and original
xīn yuàncherished desire; dream; craving; wish; aspiration
xīn zhōngcentral point; in one's thoughts; in one's heart
xìn dàicredit; borrowed money
xìn jiàna letter (i.e. sent in the mail)
xìn làito trust; to have confidence in; to have faith in; to rely on
xìn yǎngto believe in (a religion); firm belief; conviction
xìn yòngto trust; credit (commerce); trustworthiness; creditworthiness
xìn prestige; distinction; reputation; trust
xīng bànto begin; to set in motion
xīng jiànto build; to construct
xīng to rise; to spring up; to burgeon; to be aroused; to come into vogue
xīng wàngprosperous; thriving; to prosper; to flourish
xíng chǎngexecution ground; gallows; scaffold
xíng chéngjourney; course of a journey; distance traveled; trajectory; itinerary; route; course (of history)
xíng ér shàng xuémetaphysics
xíng criminal law
xíng hàomodel number
贿xíng huìto bribe; to give bribes
xíng jìngbad act; misdeed
xíng jūna march (army); to march
使xíng shǐto exercise (a right etc)
xíng shìcriminal; penal
xìng hǎofortunately
xìng mìnglife
xìng qíngnature; temperament
xìng yùnfortunate; lucky; fortune; luck
xiōng hěncruel; vicious; fierce and malicious; vengeful
怀xiōng huáione's bosom (the seat of emotions); breast; broad-minded and open; to think about; to cherish
xiōng měngfierce
xiōng tángchest
xiōng yǒngto surge up violently (of ocean, river, lake etc); turbulent
xióng hòurobust; strong and solid
xióng zhuàngmajestic; awesome; full of power and grandeur
xiū chǐ(a feeling of) shame
xiū dìngto revise
xiū restoration
xiū yǎngto recuperate; to recover; to convalesce
xiū yǎngaccomplishment; training; self-cultivation
xiù pretty; beautiful
xiù zisleeve
jiǎfalse; phony; pretense
qiúrequirement; demand (economics)
ruòweak; in poor health
wěifalse; sham; hypocritical; artificial
zhīprerequisites; rules that must be known before starting sth
slowly; gently
to allow; to permit
chǎn pǐndomesticated animal products
daolong-winded; garrulous; to talk endlessly without getting to the point
jiǔheavy drinking; to get drunk; to drink to excess
to raise animals
tánto chat
yánpreface; introductory remarks; preamble; prelude
xuān chēngto assert; to claim
xuān to read out loud to an audience; a prepared speech (e.g. to a party conference)
xuān shìto swear an oath (of office); to make a vow
xuān yángto proclaim; to make public or well known
xuán guàto suspend; to hang; suspension (cable car)
xuán melody; rhythm
xuán niànsuspense in a movie, play etc; concern for sb's welfare
xuǎn to select the best
xuǎn dìngto pick out; to select; chosen and fixed
xuǎn anthology
xuǎn mínvoter; chosen people
xuǎn to choose
xuǎn shǒuathlete; contestant
xuǎn yòngto choose for some purpose; to select and use
xuē jiǎnto cut down; to reduce; to lower
xuē ruòto weaken; to impair; to cripple
xuē ziboots
xué educational background; academic qualifications
xué pàischool of thought
xuě báisnow white
xuè blood pressure
xún luóto patrol (police, army or navy)
xún qiúto seek; to look for
xún jiàn jìnin sequence, step by step (idiom); to make steady progress incrementally
to constrain or repress emotions; oppressive; stifling; depressing; repression
yùnto rhyme; usually written 押韵
yān cǎotobacco
yān to submerge; to drown; to flood; to drown out (also fig.)
yān smoke; mist; vapor; smog; fumes
沿yán àncoastal area; littoral or riparian
yán hánbitter cold; severe winter
yán huǎnto defer; to postpone; to put off; to retard; to slow sth down
yán jùngrim; severe; rigorous
yán lùnspeech; expression of opinion; public opinion
yán to delay; to extend; to postpone; to defer
yán blistering hot; sizzling hot (weather)
yán shēnto extend; to spread
沿yán along the sides of the road; by the wayside
yán to continue; to go on; to last
yán speech; talk
yǎn biànto develop; to evolve
yǎn chàngsung performance; to sing for an audience
yǎn jiǎnglecture; to make a speech
yǎn eyesight; strength of vision; the ability to make discerning judgments
yǎn a wink; to signal with one's eyes
yǎn shénexpression or emotion showing in one's eyes; meaningful glance; wink; eyesight (topolect)
yǎn shìto conceal a fault; to gloss over
yǎn suànto calculate; to perform calculations
yǎn exercise; practice; to put on a play; to act
yǎn xiànow; at present; subocular (medicine)
yǎn zòuto play a musical instrument; to perform music
yàn qǐngto entertain (for dinner); to invite to dinner
yàn shōuto check on receipt; an inventory of received goods; to verify and accept (a delivery)
yàn banquet; feast
yàn zhèngto inspect and verify; experimental verification; to validate (a theory); to authenticate
yáng shùpoplar tree; various trees of genus Populus
yǎng fènnutrient
yǎng huoto provide for; to keep (animals, a family etc); to raise animals; to feed and clothe; support; the necessities of life; to give birth
yǎng foster; rear
yǎng zhíto cultivate; cultivation; to further; to encourage
yàng pǐnsample; specimen
yāo guàimonster; devil
yáo kòngremote control
yào cáidrug ingredients
yào lǐngmain aspects; essentials; gist
yào meor; either one or the other
yào mìngto cause sb's death; very; extremely; frightening; annoying
yào essential factor; key constituent
耀yào yǎnto dazzle; dazzling
liànto smelt metal
mánbarbarous; uncivilized
shēngwild; undomesticated
wàicountryside; areas outside the city
xīnambition; wild schemes; careerism
bānnight shift
bèi zi(for) a lifetime
in order; in succession
dànin case (sth happens); if; once (sth happens, then...); when; in a short time; in one day
for a time; at one time; one time; once
gàiall; without any exceptions; categorically
gài ér lùn(saying) lump different matters together
gān èr jìngthoroughly (idiom); completely; one and all
guànconsistent; constant; from start to finish; all along; persistent
huìr huìrone moment... the next...
zhī cháng(saying) skill or proficiency
a move; an action; in one move; at a stroke; in one go
làito depend on; to be dependent on
same; uniformly; all; without exception
máo stingy (idiom)
shēnwhole body; from head to toe; single person; a suit of clothes
shǒua skill; mastery of a trade; by oneself; without outside help
tóuone head; a head full of sth; one end (of a stick); one side; headlong; directly; rapidly; simultaneously
medical affairs
zhìto treat (an illness); to cure; to heal
chuánheredity; inheritance; to transmit
huòto doubt; to distrust; unconvincing; to puzzle over; misgivings; suspicions
mínto immigrate; to migrate; emigrant; immigrant
nánhard to understand; difficult to deal with; knotty; complicated
shīto lose; lost
remains (of a dead person)
zhǐruins; historic relics
miǎnin order to avoid; so as not to
shēn zuò to set an example (idiom); to serve as a model
wǎngin the past; formerly
zhì down to; up to; to the extent that...
ànproposal; motion
dìng shūprotocol; treaty
liàoto anticipate; to expect; to reckon ahead
ránfirmly; resolutely; without hesitation
intent; intention; intend; schematic diagram
亿 wànmillions and millions
xiàngintention; purpose; intent; inclination; disposition
yuánmember (of a legislative body); representative
yuáninterpreter; translator (esp. oral)
yīn àndim; dark; gloomy; somber
yīn xiǎngspeakers or speaker (electronic); acoustics; sound field (in a room or theater)
yín huìobscene; coarse
yǐn to conceal; to hide; covert; under cover
yǐn cángto hide; to conceal; to mask; to lie low; to nestle; to shelter; to harbor (i.e. keep sth hidden); hidden; implicit; private; covert; recessed (lighting); a hideout
yǐn mánto conceal; to hide (a taboo subject); to cover up the truth
yǐn rén zhù to attract attention; eye-catching; conspicuous
yǐn to draw into; to pull into; to introduce
yǐn shífood and drink
yǐn shuǐ yuánlit. when you drink water, think of its source (idiom); gratitude for blessings and their well-spring; Don't forget where your happiness come from.; Be grateful for all your blessings!
yǐn yòngto quote; to cite; to recommend; to appoint
yǐn yòuto coerce (sb into doing sth bad); to lure (into a trap); to seduce
yīng huāoriental cherry (Prunus serrulata or Prunus yedoensis), prized for its blossom; also known as sakura (Japanese) or Yoshino cherry
yīng jùnhandsome
yíng to win; to gain
yíng profit; gain
yíng miàndirectly; head-on (collision); in one's face (of wind)
yíng zihousefly
yìng jiànhardware
yōng filthy; vulgar; debased
yōng yǒuto have; to possess
yǒng chuí xiǔeternal glory; will never be forgotten
yǒng jiǔeverlasting; perpetual; lasting; forever; permanent
yǒng shìa warrior; a brave person
yǒng xiànto emerge in large numbers; to spring up; to emerge prominently; o spring up
yǒng to dare to; to be brave enough to
yòng usage
yòng user; consumer; subscriber; customer
yòng appliance; utensil
yòng intention; purpose
yōu huìpreferential; favorable
yōu jìngquiet; secluded; isolated; peaceful
yōu to worry; anxiety (about)
yōu humor; humorous (loanword)
yōu xiānpriority
yōu exceptional; outstandingly good
yōu sullen; depressed; melancholy; dejected
yōu zhìexcellent quality
yóu càioilseed rape (Brassica campestris)
yóu jiànfrom this, it can be seen that...
yóu diànpost and telecommunications
yóu gòumail order; to purchase by mail
yóu huàoil painting
yóu guerrilla warfare
yóu mail; to send by post
yóu traveler; tourist
yóu liàooil producer; vegetable material that can be pressed to extract oil
yóu oil paints; lacquer; to paint; CL:
yóu réna tourist
yóu similar to; appearing to be
yóu zhèngpostal
yǒu dàinot yet (done); pending
yǒu hàidestructive; harmful; damaging
yǒu kǒu xīn(saying) to speak harshly but without any bad intent
yǒu qíngfriendly feelings; friendship
yǒu rénfriend
yǒu shēng yǒu having sound and color (idiom); vivid; dazzling
yòu huòto entice; to lure; to induce; to attract
lùnpublic opinion
mèiignorant; uneducated
shùelm; Yushu county level city in Changchun 长春, Jilin
fishing industry; fishery
tóng shíat the same time; meanwhile
máofeather; plumage; plume
sǎnumbrella; CL:
shuǐYushui or Rain Water, 2nd of the 24 solar terms 二十四节气 19th February-5th March
to give; to impose; to apply
forecast; predict
dìngschedule in advance
dìngto place an order; to book ahead
huìto participate in a meeting
to forecast; predict; to estimate
jiànto foresee; to predict; to forecast; to envision; foresight; intuition; vision
liàoto forecast; to anticipate; expectation
to expect; to anticipate
sàipreliminary competition; to hold preliminary heats
wàngdesire; longing; appetite; craving
yánto predict; prophecy
yuēreservation; reserve
yuán cái liàoraw materials; unprocessed materials
yuán gàocomplainant; plaintiff
yuán jiànelement; component
yuán quánfountainhead; well-spring; water source; fig. origin
yuán shǒuhead of state
yuán yóucrude oil
yuán néngatomic energy
yuǎn far-reaching; broad; ambitious; promising
yuǎn fāngfar away; a distant location
yuǎn jǐngprospect; long-range view
yuē shùto restrict; to limit to; to constrain; restriction; constraint
yuè dōngto pass the winter; to overwinter; to hibernate
yuè duìband; pop group; CL:
yuè fènmonth
yuè guòto cross over; to transcend; to cover distance; to overcome; to rise above
yuè musical composition
yún caicloud (colored by the rising or setting sun); CL:
yùn cángto hold in store; to contain (untapped reserves etc)
yùn niàng(of alcohol) to ferment; (of a crisis) to be brewing; to mull over (an issue); to hold exploratory discussions
yùn sòngto transport; to carry
yùn suàn(mathematical) operation
yùn xíngbe in motion; to move; to run
yùn to be pregnant; to produce offspring; to nurture (a development, school of thought, artwork etc); fig. replete with (culture etc)
jiāoa hybrid
luànin a mess; in a jumble; chaotic
zāi huāngnatural disaster; famine
zāi péito grow; to cultivate; to train; to educate; to patronize
zài hudetermined by; to care about; to mind
zài shēng chǎnproducing a copy; to reproduce
zài to care about; to mind
zàn qiěfor now; for the time being; temporarily
zàn shǎngto admire; to praise; to appreciate
zàn tànigh praise; to sigh or gasp in admiration; high praise
zàn tóngto approve of; to endorse; (vote) in favor; trad. also written 贊同
zàn zhùto support; to assist; to sponsor
zàng burial; funeral
zāo yāngto suffer a calamity
zǎo diǎnlight breakfast
zǎo soon; shortly; on a day quite soon; promptly
zào fǎnrebel; revolt
zào jiàconstruction cost
zào xíngmodeling; mold-making; model or mold; molding
zào yīnrumble; noise; static (in a signal)
guàito blame; to rebuke
rèn zhìsystem of job responsibility
zěn me zhe(pron) what; (idiom) "whatever", used to replace some verbs in a sentence to form a more general sentence
zēng shèto add sth new
zēng tiānto add; to increase
zēng yuánto reinforce
zhà dànbomb; CL:,
zhà piànto defraud; to swindle; to blackmail
zhà yàoexplosive (substance)
zhāi yàosummary; abstract
zhài debt; liability; amount due; indebtedness
zhān guāngto bask in the light; fig. to benefit from association with sb or sth; reflected glory
zhān yǎngto revere; to admire
zhǎn cǎo chú gēnto cut weeds and eliminate the roots (idiom); to destroy root and branch; to eliminate completely
zhǎn dīng jié tiěto chop the nail and slice the iron (idiom); resolute and decisive; unhesitating; definitely; without any doubt
zhǎn shìto reveal; to display; to show; to exhibit sth
zhǎn wàngoutlook; prospect; to look ahead; to look forward to
zhǎn xiànto come out; to emerge
zhǎn xiāoto display and sell (e.g. at a fair); sales exhibition
zhàn gǎngto stand guard; to serve on sentry duty
zhàn to occupy; to hold
zhàn military campaign
zhāng chéngrules; regulations; constitution; statute; articles of association (of company); articles of incorporation; charter (of a corporation); by-laws
zhǎng guǎnin charge of; to control
zhǎng jiàto appreciate (in value); to increase in price
zhāo pìnrecruitment; to invite applications for a job
zhāo vitality; dynamism
zhāo péng full of youthful energy (idiom); vigorous; energetic; a bright spark
zhāo sān lit. say three in the morning but four in the evening (idiom); to change sth that is already settled upon; indecisive; to blow hot and cold
zhāo shēngto enroll new students; recruitment
zhāo shōuto hire; to recruit
zhǎo marsh; swamp; wetlands; glade
zhào huìa diplomatic note; letter of understanding or concern exchanged between governments
zhào jiùas before; as in the past
zhào liàoto tend; to take care of sb
zhào mínglighting; illumination
zhào shèto shine on; to light up; to irradiate
zhào yingto look after; to take care of; to attend to
zhē tengto toss from side to side (e.g. sleeplessly); to repeat sth over and over again; to torment sb; to play crazy
zhè me zhethus; in this way; like this
zhēn cháto investigate a crime; to scout; to reconnoiter; reconnaissance; detection; a scout
zhēn chéngtrue; sincere; genuine
zhēn shi d