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HSK level 1: 436 word(s) found.


āinterjection of surprise; Ah!; Oh!
amodal particle ending sentence, showing affirmation, approval, or consent
ǎilow; short (in length)
àito love; affection; to be fond of; to like
eight; 8
to hold; to contain; to grasp; to take hold of; a handle; particle marking the following noun as a direct object; classifier for objects with handle
ba(modal particle indicating suggestion or surmise); ...right?; ...OK?; ...I presume.
báiwhite; snowy; pure; bright; empty; blank; plain; clear; to make clear; in vain; gratuitous; free of charge; reactionary; anti-communist; funeral; to stare coldly; to write wrong character; to state; to explain; vernacular; spoken lines in opera; surname Bai
bǎito arrange; to exhibit; to move to and fro; a pendulum
bǎihundred; numerous; all kinds of; surname Bai
bānto move; to shift; to remove; to transport; to apply indiscriminately; to copy mechanically
bānteam; class; squad; work shift; ranking; CL:; classifier for groups; surname Ban
bànto do; to manage; to handle; to go about; to run; to set up; to deal with
bànhalf; semi-; incomplete; (after a number) and a half
bǎoto eat till full; satisfied
bàoto announce; to inform; report; newspaper; recompense; revenge; CL:,
bàoto hold; to carry (in one's arms); to hug or embrace; surround; cherish
bēicup; classifier for certain containers of liquids: glass, cup
běinorth; to be defeated (classical)
bèi(two, three etc) -fold; times (multiplier); double; to increase or multiply
bèiquilt; by; (indicates passive-voice clauses); (literary) to cover; to meet with
běnroots or stems of plants; origin; source; this; the current; root; foundation; basis; classifier for books, periodicals, files etc; originally
(particle used for comparison and "-er than"); to compare; to contrast; to gesture (with hands); ratio; Belgium; Belgian; abbr. for 比利时
pen; pencil; writing brush; to write or compose; the strokes of Chinese characters; classifier for sums of money, deals; CL:,
biānside; edge; margin; border; boundary; CL:; simultaneously
biànto change; to become different; to transform; to vary; rebellion
biàneverywhere; all over; classifier for actions: one time
biǎowrist or pocket watch; exterior surface; family relationship via females; to show (one's opinion); a model; a table (listing information); a form; a meter (measuring sth)
biéto leave; to depart; to separate; to distinguish; to classify; other; another; do not; must not; to pin; surname Bie
bìngailment; sickness; illness; disease; fall ill; sick; defect; CL:
(negative prefix); not; no
cloth; to declare; to announce; to spread; to make known
to wipe; to erase; rubbing (brush stroke in painting); to clean; to polish
cáia moment ago; just now; (preceded by a clause of condition or reason) not until; (followed by a numerical clause) only; ability; talent; sb of a certain type; a capable individual; only; only then
càidish (type of food); vegetables; vegetable; cuisine; CL:,
cǎograss; straw; manuscript; draft (of a document); careless; rough; CL:,,,
cénglayer; stratum; laminated; floor (of a building); storey; classifier for layers; repeated; sheaf (math.)
cháto research; to check; to investigate; to examine; to refer to; to search
chátea; tea plant; CL:,
chàto differ from; to fall short of; lacking; wrong; inferior
chángalways; ever; often; frequently; common; general; constant; surname Chang
chánglength; long; forever; always; constantly
chǎnglarge place used for a specific purpose; stage; scene (of a play); classifier for sporting or recreational activities; classifier for number of exams
chàngsing; to call loudly; to chant
cháoimperial or royal court; government; dynasty; reign of a sovereign or emperor; court or assembly held by a sovereign or emperor; to make a pilgrimage to; facing; towards; abbr. for 朝鲜 Korea
chēcar; vehicle; CL:; machine; to shape with a lathe; surname Che
chéngcity walls; city; town; CL:,,
chéngto succeed; to finish; to complete; to accomplish; to become; to turn into; to be all right; OK!; one tenth; surname Cheng
chīto eat; to have one's meal; to eradicate; to destroy; to absorb; to suffer; to exhaust
chōuto draw out; to pull out from inbetween sth; to remove part of the whole; (of certain plants) to sprout or bud; to whip or thrash
chūto go out; to come out; to occur; to produce; to go beyond; to rise; to put forth; to happen; classifier for dramas, plays, operas etc
穿chuānto bore through; pierce; perforate; penetrate; pass through; to dress; to wear; to put on; to thread
chuána boat; vessel; ship; CL:,,
chuāngshutter; window; CL:
chuángbed; couch; classifier for beds; CL:
chuīto blow; to play a wind instrument; to blast; to puff; to boast; to brag; to end in failure; to fall through
chūnspring (time); gay; joyful; youthful; love; lust; life
word; statement; speech; lyrics; CL:,; classical Chinese poem; CL:
next in sequence; second; the second (day, time etc); secondary; vice-; sub-; infra-; inferior quality; substandard; order; sequence; hypo- (chemistry); classifier for enumerated events: time
cóngfrom; via; passing through; through (a gap); past; ever (followed by negative, meaning never); (formerly pr. and related to ) to follow; to comply with; to obey; to join; to engage in; adopting some mode of action or attitude; follower; retainer; accessory; accomplice; related by common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor; surname Cong
cuòmistake; wrong; bad; interlocking; complex; to grind; to polish; to alternate; to stagger; to miss; to let slip; to evade; to inlay with gold or silver; surname Cuo
to beat; to strike; to hit; to break; to type; to mix up; to build; to fight; to fetch; to make; to tie up; to issue; to shoot; to calculate; to play (a game); since; from
big; huge; large; major; great; wide; deep; oldest; eldest
dàiband; belt; girdle; ribbon; tire; area; zone; region; CL:; to wear; to carry; to take along; to bear (i.e. to have); to lead; to bring; to look after; to raise
dàito put on or wear (glasses, hat, gloves etc); to respect; to bear; to support; surname Dai
dāngto be; to act as; manage; withstand; when; during; ought; should; match equally; equal; same; obstruct; just at (a time or place); on the spot; right; just at
dāoknife; blade; single-edged sword; cutlass; CL:; classifier for sets of one hundred sheets (of paper); surname Dao
dǎoto fall; to collapse; to topple; to fail; to go bankrupt; to change (trains or buses); to move around; to sell; to speculate (buying and selling, also ); profiteer
dàoto (a place); until (a time); up to; to go; to arrive
dàodirection; way; road; path; principle; truth; morality; reason; skill; method; Dao (of Daoism); to say; to speak; to talk; classifier for long thin stretches, rivers, roads etc; province (of Korea do 도, and formerly Japan dō); CL:,
to obtain; to get; to gain; to catch (a disease); proper; suitable; proud; contented; to allow; to permit; ready; finished
de-ly; structural particle: used before a verb or adjective, linking it to preceding modifying adverbial adjunct
destructural particle: used after a verb (or adjective as main verb), linking it to following phrase indicating effect, degree, possibility etc
deof; structural particle: used before a noun, linking it to preceding possessive or descriptive attributive
děito have to; must; ought to; to need to
dēnglamp; light; lantern; CL:
děngclass; rank; grade; equal to; same as; to wait for; to await; et cetera; and so on; et al. (and other authors); after; as soon as; once
low; beneath; to lower (one's head); to let droop; to hang down; to incline
earth; ground; field; place; land; CL:
(prefix indicating ordinal number, e.g. first, number two etc)
diǎndrop (of liquid); stain; spot; speck; jot; dot stroke (in Chinese characters); decimal point; point; mark (of degree or level); a place (with certain characteristics); iron bell; o’clock; a little; a bit; some; (point) unit of measurement for type; to touch on briefly; to make clear; to light; to ignite; to kindle; period of time at night (24 minutes) (old); a drip; to dibble; classifier for small indeterminate quantities
diànelectric; electricity; electrical
diàoto fall; to drop; to lag behind; to lose; to go missing; to reduce; fall (in prices); to lose (value, weight etc); to wag; to swing; to turn; to change; to exchange; to swap; to show off; to shed (hair)
diūto lose; to put aside; to throw
dōngeast; host (i.e. sitting on east side of guest); landlord; surname Dong
dōngsound of beating a drum; onomatopoeic for rat-a-tat etc; surname Dong; winter
dǒngto understand; to know
dòngto use; to act; to move; to change; abbr. for verb 动词
dōuall, both; entirely (due to) each; even; already
to read; to study; reading of word (i.e. pronunciation), similar to 拼音
duǎnshort or brief; to lack; weak point; fault
duànparagraph; section; segment; stage (of a process); classifier for stories, periods of time, lengths of thread etc; surname Duan
duìcouple; pair; to be opposite; to oppose; to face; versus; for; to; correct (answer); to answer; to reply; to direct (towards sth); right
dùnto stop; to pause; to arrange; to lay out; to kowtow; to stamp (one's foot); at once; classifier for meals, beatings, scoldings etc: time, bout, spell, meal
duōmany; much; a lot of; numerous; multi-; far more; in excess; how (to what extent)
饿èto be hungry; hungry
èrtwo; 2; stupid (Beijing dialect)
to send out; to show (one's feeling); to issue; to develop; classifier for gunshots (rounds)
fānto turn over; to flip over; to overturn; to translate; to decode; to double; to climb over or into; to cross
fànfood; cuisine; cooked rice; meal; CL:,
fàngto release; to free; to let go; to put; to place; to let out; to set off (fireworks)
fēito fly
fēnto divide; to separate; to allocate; to distinguish (good and bad); part or subdivision; fraction; one tenth (of certain units); unit of length equivalent to 0.33 cm; minute; a point (in sports or games); 0.01 yuan (unit of money)
fēngto confer; to grant; to bestow a title; to seal; classifier for sealed objects, esp. letters; surname Feng
fēngwind; news; style; custom; manner; CL:,
gāishould; ought to; probably; must be; to deserve; to owe; to be sb's turn to do sth; that; the above-mentioned
gǎito change; to alter; to transform; to correct
gǎnto dare; daring; (polite) may I venture
gàntree trunk; main part of sth; to manage; to work; to do; capable; cadre; to kill (slang); to fuck (vulgar)
gānghard; firm; strong; just; barely; exactly
gāohigh; tall; above average; loud; your (honorific); surname Gao
gǎoto do; to make; to go in for; to set up; to get hold of; to take care of
song; CL:,; to sing
individual; this; that; size; classifier for people or objects in general
each; every
gěito; for; for the benefit of; to give; to allow; to do sth (for sb); (passive particle)
gēnroot; basis; classifier for long slender objects, e.g. cigarettes, guitar strings; CL:; radical (chemistry)
gēnheel; to follow closely; to go with; to marry sb (of woman); with; towards; as (compared to); from (different from); and (in addition to)
gèngmore; even more; further; still; still more
gòuto reach; to be enough
guāto blow (of the wind); to scrape; to blow; to shave; to plunder; to extort
guàto hang or suspend (from a hook etc); (of a telephone call) to hang up; to be worried or concerned; to make a phone call (topolect); to register or record; to hitch; classifier for sets or clusters of objects
guānmountain pass; to close; to shut; to turn off; to concern; to involve; surname Guan
guǎnbuilding; shop; term for certain service establishments; embassy or consulate; schoolroom (old); CL:
guìexpensive; noble; your (name); precious
guócountry; nation; state; national; CL:; surname Guo
guò(experienced action marker); to cross; to go over; to pass (time); to celebrate (a holiday); to live; to get along; excessively; too-; surname Guo
háistill; still in progress; still more; yet; even more; in addition; fairly; passably (good); as early as; even; also; else
hǎiocean; sea; CL:,
hǎnto yell; to shout; to call out for (a person)
hǎogood; well; proper; good to; easy to; very; so; (suffix indicating completion or readiness)
hàoordinal number; day of a month; mark; sign; business establishment; size; ship suffix; horn (wind instrument); bugle call; assumed name; to take a pulse; classifier used to indicate number of people
to drink; to shout (a command); My goodness!
and; together with; with; sum; union; peace; harmony; Japanese related; Taiwan pr. [han4]; surname He
river; CL:,
hēiblack; dark; abbr. for Heilongjiang 黑龙江 province in northeast China
hěn(adverb of degree); quite; very; awfully
hóngbonus; popular; red; revolutionary
hòuback; behind; rear; afterwards; after; later; empress; queen; surname Hou
lake; CL:,
huāflower; blossom; fancy pattern; CL:,,,,,; to spend (money, time); surname Hua
huàto draw; picture; painting; CL:,
huàdialect; language; spoken words; speech; talk; words; conversation; what sb said; CL:,,,,
huàibad; spoiled; broken; to break down
huánto pay back; to return; surname Huan
huànto change; to exchange
huángyellow; pornographic; to fall through; surname Huang or Hwang
huíto curve; to return; to revolve; to circle; to go back; to turn around; to answer; Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims); time; classifier for acts of a play; section or chapter (of a classic book)
huìcan; be possible; be able to; will; be likely to; be sure to; to assemble; to meet; to gather; to see; union; group; association; CL:; a moment (Taiwan pr. for this sense is )
huóto live; alive; living; work; workmanship
fowl; chicken; CL:
urgent; pressing; rapid; hurried; worried
how much; how many; several; a few
crowded; to squeeze
to live (in a house); to lodge; to mail; to send; to entrust; to depend
to remember; to note; mark; sign; to record
jiāto add; plus; abbr. for Canada 加拿大
jiāhome; family; classifier for families or businesses; refers to the philosophical schools of pre-Han China; noun suffix for specialists in some activity such as musician or revolutionary, corresponds to English -ist, -er, -ary or -ian; CL:; surname Jia
jiānbetween; among; within a definite time or space; room; section of a room or lateral space between two pairs of pillars; classifier for rooms
jiànitem; component; classifier for events, things, clothes etc
jiànto see; to meet; to appear (to be sth); to interview
jiāngriver; CL:,; surname Jiang
jiǎngto speak; to explain; to negotiate; to emphasise; to be particular about; as far as sth is concerned; speech; lecture
jiāoto hand over; to deliver; to pay (money); to turn over; to make friends; to intersect (lines)
jiāoto teach
jiǎofoot; leg; base; kick; CL:,
jiǎoangle; corner; horn; horn-shaped; unit of money equal to 0.1 yuan; CL:
jiàoto shout; to call; to order; to ask; to be called; by (indicates agent in the passive mood)
jiēto receive; to answer (the phone); to meet or welcome sb; to connect; to catch; to join; to extend; to take one's turn on duty; to take over for sb
jiēstreet; CL:
jiéfestival; holiday; node; joint; section; segment; part; to economize; to save; to abridge; moral integrity; classifier for segments, e.g. lessons, train wagons, biblical verses; CL:
jièto lend; to borrow; excuse; pretext; by means of; to seize (an opportunity); to take (an opportunity)
jīncatty; weight equal to 0.5 kg
jǐntight; strict; close at hand; near; urgent; tense; hard up; short of money; to tighten
jìnnear; close to; approximately
jìnto advance; to enter; to come (or go) into; to receive or admit; to eat or drink; to submit or present; (used after a verb) into, in; to score a goal
jiǔ(long) time; (long) duration of time
jiǔnine; 9
jiǔwine (esp. rice wine); liquor; spirits; alcoholic beverage; CL:,,,,
jiùat once; right away; only; just (emphasis); as early as; already; as soon as; then; in that case; as many as; even if; to approach; to move towards; to undertake; to engage in; to suffer; subjected to; to accomplish; to take advantage of; to go with (of foods); with regard to; concerning
jiùold; opposite: new ; former; worn (with age)
to lift; to hold up; to cite; to enumerate; to act; to raise; to choose; to elect
sentence; clause; phrase; classifier for phrases or lines of verse
kāito open; to start; to turn on; to boil; to write out (a medical prescription); to operate (vehicle); abbr. for 开尔文 degrees Kelvin
kànto see; to look at; to read; to watch; to consider; to regard as; to view as; to treat as; to judge; (after repeated verb) to give it a try; depending on (how you're judging); to visit; to call on; to treat (an illness); to look after; Watch out! (for a danger)
classifier for trees, cabbages, plants etc
to subdue; to overthrow; Ke (c. 2000 BC), seventh of the legendary Flame Emperors, 炎帝 descended from Shennong 神农 Farmer God; to be able to; to restrain; to overcome; gram
quarter (hour); moment; to carve; to engrave; to cut; oppressive; classifier for short time intervals
subject; course; class; lesson; CL:,,
kǒumouth; classifier for things with mouths (people, domestic animals, cannons, wells etc); classifier for bites or mouthfuls
to cry; to weep
bitter; hardship; pain; to suffer; to bring suffering to; painstakingly
kuàilump (of earth); chunk; piece; classifier for pieces of cloth, cake, soap etc; colloquial word for yuan (or other unit of currency such as Hong Kong or US dollar etc), usually as 块钱
kuàirapid; quick; speed; rate; soon; almost; to make haste; clever; sharp (of knives or wits); forthright; plain-spoken; gratified; pleased; pleasant
to pull; to play (string instruments); to drag; to draw
lasentence-final particle, contraction of 了啊, indicating exclamation; particle placed after each item in a list of examples
láito come; to arrive; to come round; ever since; next
lánblue; indigo plant; surname Lan
lǎoprefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity; old (of people); venerable (person); experienced; of long standing; always; all the time; of the past; very; outdated; (of meat etc) tough
le(modal particle intensifying preceding clause); (completed action marker)
lèitired; weary; to strain; to wear out; to work hard
to leave; to part from; to be away from; (in giving distances) from; without (sth); independent of; one of the Eight Trigrams 八卦, symbolizing fire; ☲; surname Li; mythical beast (archaic)
li (Chinese mile); 500 meters (modern); home; hometown; village; neighborhood; administrative unit; Li (surname); lining; interior; inside; internal
liǎtwo (colloquial equivalent of 两个); both; some
liǎnface; CL:,
liǎngboth; two; ounce; some; a few; tael; weight equal to 50 grams
liàngbright; clear; resonant; to shine; to show; to reveal
liàngclassifier for vehicles
liǎo(of eyes) bright; clear-sighted; to understand clearly; to finish; to achieve; to understand
língzero; nought; zero sign; fractional; fragmentary; odd (of numbers); (placed between two numbers to indicate a smaller quantity followed by a larger one); fraction; (in mathematics) remainder (after division); extra; to wither and fall; to wither
liúto flow; to disseminate; to circulate or spread; to move or drift; to degenerate; to banish or send into exile; stream of water or sth resembling one; class, rate or grade
liúto leave (eg a message); to retain; to stay; to remain; to keep; to preserve
liùsix; 6
lóuhouse with more than 1 story; storied building; floor; CL:,,
road; path; way; CL:; surname Lu
luànin confusion or disorder; in a confused state of mind; disorder; upheaval; riot; illicit sexual relations; to throw into disorder; to mix up; indiscriminate; random; arbitrary
horse; horse or cavalry piece in Chinese chess; knight in Western chess; surname Ma; abbr. for Malaysia 马来西亚
ma(question tag)
mamodal particle indicating that sth is obvious; particle indicating a pause for emphasis
mǎito buy; to purchase
màito sell; to betray; to spare no effort; to show off or flaunt
mǎnfull; filled; packed; fully; completely; quite; to reach the limit; to satisfy; satisfied; contented; to fill; abbr. for Manchurian
mángbusy; hurriedly
máohair; feather; down; wool; mildew; mold; coarse or semifinished; young; raw; careless; unthinking; nervous; scared; (of currency) to devalue or depreciate; classifier for Chinese fractional monetary unit ( = , = 1; 10 yuan or 10 fen ); surname Mao
méi(negative prefix for verbs); have not; not
měieach; every
méngate; door; CL:; gateway; doorway; CL:; opening; valve; switch; way to do something; knack; family; house; (religious) sect; school (of thought); class; category; phylum or division (taxonomy); classifier for large guns; classifier for lessons, subjects, branches of technology
menplural marker for pronouns, and nouns referring to individuals
rice; CL:; meter (classifier); surname Mi
to hold; to seize; to catch; to apprehend; to take
how; which
that; those; then (in that case); commonly pr. [nei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing
nasentence-final particle (abbr. for 呢啊 or variant of )
na(particle equivalent to after noun ending in -n)
nánsouth; surname Nan
nánmale; Baron, lowest of five orders of nobility 五等爵位; CL:
nándifficult (to...); problem; difficulty; difficult; not good
neparticle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word ("What about...?", "And...?"); particle for inquiring about location ("Where is...?"); particle serving as a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board ("ok?", "are you with me?"); (at the end of a declarative sentence) a particle indicating continuation of a state or action; particle indicating strong affirmation
nèiinside; inner; internal; within; interior
néngto be able to; to be capable of; ability; capability; able; capable; can possibly; (usually used in the negative) to have the possibility of; surname Neng
ǹg(a groaning sound)
you (informal, as opposed to courteous )
niányear; CL:
niànto read; to study (a degree course); to read aloud; to miss (sb); idea; remembrance; twenty (banker's anti-fraud numeral corresponding to 廿, 20)
nínyou (courteous, as opposed to informal )
niúox; cow; bull; CL:,
female; woman; daughter
to crawl; to climb; to get up or sit up
to be afraid; to fear; to dread; to be unable to endure; perhaps; surname Pa
pāito pat; to clap; to slap; fly-swatter; racket; to take (a photograph)
pàiclique; school; group; faction; to dispatch; to send; to assign; to appoint; pi (Greek letter Ππ); the circular ratio pi = 3.1415926; (loanword) pie
pǎoto run; to escape; race
pèngto touch; to meet with; to bump
piānsheet; piece of writing; bound set of bamboo slips used for record keeping (old); classifier for written items: chapter, article
piànthin piece; flake; a slice; film; TV play; to slice; to carve thin; partial; incomplete; one-sided; classifier for slices, tablets, tract of land, area of water; classifier for CDs, movies, DVDs etc; used with numeral : classifier for scenario, scene, feeling, atmosphere, sound etc
piàoticket; ballot; bank note; CL:; person held for ransom; amateur performance of Chinese opera; classifier for shipments and business transactions (topolect)
píngbottle; vase; pitcher; CL:; classifier for wine and liquids
broken; damaged; worn out; to break, split or cleave; to get rid of; to destroy; to break with; to defeat; to capture (a city etc); to expose the truth of
seven; 7
to ride (an animal or bike); to sit astride
to rise; to raise; to get up; to set out; to start; to appear; to launch; to initiate (action); to draft; to establish; to get (from a depot or counter); verb suffix, to start; (before place or time) starting from; classifier for occurrences or unpredictable events: case, instance; classifier for groups: batch, group
qiāna swing; thousand
qiánfront; forward; ahead; ago; before; first; former; formerly; future; BC (e.g. 293)
qiáncoin; money; CL:; surname Qian
qiǎnshallow; light (color)
qiángwall; CL:,
qiáobridge; CL:
qīnglight; easy; gentle; soft; reckless; unimportant; frivolous; small in number; unstressed; neutral
qíngclear; fine (weather)
qǐngto ask; to invite; please (do sth); to treat (to a meal etc); to request
qiūa swing; autumn; fall; harvest time; surname Qiu
qiúball; sphere; globe; CL:; ball game; match; CL:
to go; to go to (a place); to cause to go or send (sb); to remove; to get rid of; (when used either before or after a verb) to go in order to do sth; to be apart from in space or time; (after a verb of motion indicates movement away from the speaker); (used after certain verbs to indicate detachment or separation); (of a time or an event etc) just passed or elapsed
quánall; whole; entire; every; complete; surname Quan
ràngto yield; to permit; to let sb do sth; to have sb do sth
to warm up; to heat up; hot (of weather); heat; fervent
rénman; person; people; CL:,
sun; day; date, day of the month; abbr. for 日本 Japan
ròumeat; flesh; pulp (of a fruit)
sānthree; 3
shānmountain; hill; anything that resembles a mountain; CL:; bundled straw in which silkworms spin cocoons; gable; surname Shan
shàngon top; upon; above; upper; previous; first (of multiple parts); to climb; to get onto; to go up; to attend (class or university)
shǎofew; little; lack
shēnclose; deep; late; profound; dark (of color, water etc)
shēngsound; voice; tone; noise; classifier for sounds
shěngto save; to economize; to do without; to omit; to leave out; province; CL:
shèngto remain; to be left; to have as remainder
shíten; 10
shìmatter; thing; item; work; affair; CL:,
shìmarket; city; CL:
shìis; are; am; yes; to be
shìto test; to try; experiment; examination; test
shōuto receive; to accept; to collect; in care of (used on address line after name)
shǒuhand; (formal) to hold; person engaged in certain types of work; person skilled in certain types of work; personal(ly); convenient; CL:,
shūbook; letter; CL:,,; see also 书经 Book of History
shūto lose; to transport; to donate; to enter (a password)
shúcooked (of food); ripe (of fruit); mature (of seeds); familiar; skilled; done
shǔto count; to enumerate; to criticize (i.e. enumerate shortcomings)
shùtree; CL:
shuāngtwo; double; pair; both; surname Shuang
shuǐwater; river; liquid; beverage; additional charges or income; (of clothes) classifier for number of washes; surname Shui
shuìto sleep
shuōto speak; to say; a theory (usually in compounds such as 日心说 heliocentric theory)
to die; impassable; uncrossable; inflexible; rigid; extremely
four; 4
sòngto deliver; to carry; to give (as a present); to present (with); to see off; to send
suānsour; sore; ache; acid
suànregard as; to figure; to calculate; to compute
suìclassifier for years (of age); year; year (of crop harvests)
he or him; (used for either sex when the sex is unknown or unimportant); (used before sb's name for emphasis); (used as a meaningless mock object); other; another
táito lift; to raise; (of two or more persons) to carry
tàihighest; greatest; too (much); very; extremely
tánto speak; to talk; to converse; to chat; to discuss; surname Tan
tāngsoup; hot or boiling water; decoction of medicinal herbs; water in which sth has been boiled; surname Tang
tángsugar; sweets; candy; CL:,
tǎngto recline; to lie down
téng(it) hurts; sore; to love dearly
to kick; to play (e.g. soccer)
to carry (hanging down from the hand); to lift; to put forward; to mention; to raise (an issue); upwards character stroke; lifting brush stroke (in painting); scoop for measuring liquid
tiānday; sky; heaven
tiáostrip; item; article; clause (of law or treaty); classifier for long thin things (ribbon, river, road, trousers etc)
tiàoto jump; to hop; to skip over; to bounce; to palpitate
tīngto listen; to hear; to obey; a can (loanword from English "tin"); classifier for canned beverages
tíngto stop; to halt; to park (a car)
tǐngto stick out; to (physically) straighten up; to endure or hold out; straight; stiff; outstanding; extraordinary; rather; quite; very; classifier for machine guns
tōngto go through; to know well; to connect; to communicate; open; to clear; classifier for letters, telegrams, phone calls etc
tóuhead; hair style; the top; end; beginning or end; a stub; remnant; chief; boss; side; aspect; first; leading; classifier for pigs or livestock; CL:
tuīto push; to cut; to refuse; to reject; to decline; to shirk (responsibility); to put off; to delay; to push forward; to nominate; to elect
tuǐleg; CL:
退tuìto retreat; to decline; to move back; to withdraw
tuōto shed; to take off; to escape; to get away from
wàioutside; in addition; foreign; external
wánto finish; to be over; whole; complete; entire
wǎnevening; night; late
wǎnbowl; cup; CL:,
wànten thousand; a great number; surname Wan
wǎngto go (in a direction); to; towards; (of a train) bound for; past; previous
wàngto forget; to overlook; to neglect
wéis (i.e. in the capacity of); to take sth as; to act as; to serve as; to behave as; to become; to be; to do; as (in the capacity of)
wèior; to; because of; for
wèiposition; location; place; seat; classifier for people (honorific); classifier for binary bits (e.g. 十六位 16-bit or 2 bytes)
wèito feed; hello (interj., esp. on telephone); hey; to feed (sb or some animal)
wènto ask
I; me; my
five; 5
西west; the West; abbr. for Spain 西班牙; Spanish
to wash; to bathe; to develop (photo)
to connect; to arrest; to worry; system; department; faculty; to relate to; to tie up; to bind; to be (literary)
thin or slender; finely particulate; thin and soft; fine; delicate; trifling; (of a sound) quiet; frugal
xiàdown; downwards; below; lower; later; next (week etc); second (of two parts); to decline; to go down
xiàsummer; the Xia or Hsia dynasty c. 2000 BC; Xia of the Sixteen Kingdoms (407-432); surname Xia
xiānearly; prior; former; in advance; first
xiāngfragrant; sweet smelling; aromatic; savory or appetizing; (to eat) with relish; (of sleep) sound; perfume or spice; joss or incense stick; CL:
xiǎngecho; sound; noise; to make a sound; to sound; to ring; loud; classifier for noises
xiǎngto think; to believe; to suppose; to wish; to want; to miss
xiàngto resemble; to appear; to seem; appearance; image; portrait
xiàngtowards; to face; to turn towards; direction; to support; to side with; shortly before; formerly; always; all along; surname Xiang
xiǎosmall; tiny; few; young
xiàolaugh; smile; CL:
xiēsome; few; several; measure word indicating a small amount or small number (greater than 1)
xiéshoe; CL:,
xiěto write
xīnheart; mind; intention; centre; core; CL:,
xīnnew; newly; meso- (chemistry); abbr. for Xinjiang 新疆 or Singapore 新加坡
xìnletter; mail; to trust; to believe; to profess faith in; truthful; confidence; trust; at will; at random
xíngto walk; to go; to travel; a visit; temporary; makeshift; current; in circulation; to do; to perform; capable; competent; effective; all right; OK!; will do
xìngfamily name; surname; name; CL:
xuélearn; study; science; -ology
xuěsnow; snowfall; CL:; to have the appearance of snow; to wipe away, off or out; to clean; surname Xue
(sound of surprise) ah, oh; grate, creak
ya(particle equivalent to after a vowel, expressing surprise or doubt)
yángsheep; CL:,; surname Yang
yàomedicine; drug; cure; CL:,; dru
yàoimportant; vital; to want; will; going to (as future auxiliary); may; must
also; too; (in Classical Chinese) final particle implying affirmation; surname Ye
page; leaf
one; 1; single; a (article); as soon as; entire; whole; all; throughout; "one" radical in Chinese characters (Kangxi radical 1)
亿100 million
yīnovercast (weather); cloudy; shady; Yin (the negative principle of Yin and Yang); negative (electric.); feminine; moon; implicit; hidden; genitalia; surname Yin
yíngto beat; to win; to profit
yòngto use; to employ; to have to; to eat or drink; expense or outlay; usefulness; hence; therefore
yǒuto have; there is; there are; to exist; to be
yòu(once) again; also; both... and...; again
yòuright (-hand); the Right (politics); west (old)
fish; CL:,
rain; CL:,
yuánChinese monetary unit; dollar; primary; first; surname Yuan; the Yuan or Mongol dynasty (1279-1368)
yuáncircle; round; circular; spherical; (of the moon) full; unit of Chinese currency (Yuan); tactful; to justify
yuǎnfar; distant; remote
yuèmoon; month; CL:,
yúncloud; CL:; surname Yun; abbr. for Yunnan Province 云南省; (classical) to say
zàiagain; once more; re-; second; another; then (after sth, and not until then)
zài(located) at; (to be) in; to exist; in the middle of doing sth; (indicating an action in progress)
zánI or me; we (including both the speaker and the person spoken to)
zāngdirty; filthy
zǎoearly; morning; Good morning!
zhànto take possession of; to occupy; to take up
zhànstation; to stand; to halt; to stop; branch of a company or organization; website
zhāngto open up; to spread; sheet of paper; classifier for flat objects, sheet; classifier for votes; surname Zhang
zhǎngchief; head; elder; to grow; to develop; to increase; to enhance
zhǎoto try to find; to look for; to call on sb; to find; to seek; to return; to give change
zhèthis; these; (commonly pr. [zhei4] before a classifier, esp. in Beijing)
zheparticle attached after verb to indicate action in progress, like -ing ending
zhēnreally; truly; indeed; real; true; genuine
zhèngjust (right); main; upright; straight; correct; positive; greater than zero; principle
zhīclassifier for birds and certain animals, one of a pair, some utensils, vessels etc
zhīto support; to sustain; to erect; to raise; branch; division; to draw money; classifier for rods such as pens and guns, for army divisions and for songs or compositions; surname Zhi
zhǐbut; only; merely; just
zhǐfinger; to point at or to; to indicate or refer to; to depend on; to count on; (of hair) to stand on end
zhǐpaper; CL:,; classifier for documents, letter etc
zhōngwithin; among; in; middle; center; while (doing sth); during; China; Chinese; surname Zhong
zhōngclock; o'clock; time as measured in hours and minutes; bell; CL:,; handleless cup; goblet; to concentratesurname Zhong
zhǒngabbr. for 物种, genus; race; seed; breed; species; strain; kind; type; has guts (i.e. courage); nerve; classifier for types: kind, sort; classifier for languages
zhòngheavy; serious
zhōuweek; weeklyto make a circuit; to circle; circle; circumference; lap; cycle; complete; all; all over; thorough; to help financially; surname Zhou; Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC)
zhūhog; pig; swine; CL:,
zhùto live; to dwell; to stay; to reside; to stop
zhùto wish; to express good wishes; to pray; (old) wizard; surname Zhu
zhuāngadornment; to adorn; dress; clothing; costume (of an actor in a play); to play a role; to pretend; to install; to fix; to wrap (sth in a bag); to load; to pack
letter; symbol; character; word; CL:; courtesy or style name traditionally given to males aged 20 in dynastic China
zǒuto walk; to go; to run; to move (of vehicle); to visit; to leave; to go away; to die (euph.); from; through; away (in compound verbs, such as 撤走); to change (shape, form, meaning)
zuǐmouth; beak; spout (of teapot etc); CL:,
zuìmost; the most; -est
zuǒleft; the Left (politics); east; unorthodox; queer; wrong; differing; opposite; variant of ; surname Zuo
zuòto do; to grow; to write or compose; to pretend; to regard as; to feel; writings or works
zuòto do; to make; to produce; to write; to compose; to act as; to engage in; to hold (a party); to be; to become; to function (in some capacity); to serve as; to be used for; to form (a bond or relationship); to pretend; to feign; to act a part; to put on appearance
zuòto sit; to take a seat; to take (a bus, airplane etc); to bear fruit; surname Zuo
zuòseat; base; stand; CL:; classifier for buildings, mountains and similar immovable objects